The past is the present for future generations who do not know their history

Wayne County

We all came from somewhere else first…

Map of Martin County, North Carolina, United S...

before settling in Alabama. At least everyone except the native americans, there were five civilized tribes here before the white settlers. If one researches the modes and trails of travel of the early days, you could almost predict where your family lived in various places before Alabama. That is unless you run into the South Carolina morass.

Edward Balentine is as far back as our limited research got us. He was found on the census records and tax lists in Martin County, North Carolina. Martin County was formed in 1774 from Halifax and Tyrrell counties, Martin County was named in honor of Josiah Martin, the last Royal Governor of North Carolina 1782-1785 and l789-1792. It is in the eastern part of North Carolina, bounded by Beaufort, Bertie, Edgecombe, Halifax, Pitt and Washington counties. In 1779 Williamston, first called Squhawky (or Skewarky), was laid out and is now the county seat. Edward was born about 1725. He was last documented on the 1790 tax list and was aged 65.

We know that Edward had a son named Nehemiah Balentine. Nehemiah was born about 1750 and was in Martin County, North Carolina as late as 1787. Nehemiah and wife Martha had son John Balentine who lived from 1786 to 1865. He was born in Martin County, North Carolina.

Information  from the second edition 2003 book “The Heritage of Lauderdale County, Alabama.” Heritage Publishing Consultants, Inc. Pg.99 gave the following information. John and Sarah Culpepper Balentine are first found on 1835 Tennesse State census, 1840 and 1850 Federal census, living in Wayne County, Tennessee.  Both were born in South Carolina, as were their children William Jefferson, 1813; John Harrison (J.H.) 1820; James born between 1815 and 1824;  Sarah 1826; Richard Houston 11 January, 1827; and Benjamin Simmons 1832.

John and Sarah were listed on the 1860 census with son William J. Balentine’s family, in Cypress Inn, Wayne County, Tennessee. John apparently died between 1860-1870, Sarah died between 1860-1879; both probably buried in Wayne County, Tennessee. Their burial sites are unknown.

William J. Balentine married Sarah Ann Darby on 21 September, 1835 in Lauderdale County, Alabama. They lived in Cypress Inn, Wayne County, Tennessee on the 1840,1850 and 1860 census, and then were in  Waynesboro on the 1870 census. Their children were born in Wayne County:  James H., 11 October 1837; John William, 1840; Phillip Selvey, 25 November 1841; William J., 1844; Eliza C., 1846; Samuel D., 1849; Richard H., 1853; Benjamin Simmons, 1857; David M, 30 November 1858 and Elizabeth, 1862.  William and Sarah were still in Wayne County, Tennessee on the 1860 census; likely both died and were buried there, places unknown.

James H. Balentine married Elvira Cooper, daughter of Stephen Cooper, on 25 February 1857, in Lauderdale County, Alabama.  Their children: William, 1858; George, 1860; James (Jimmy Hawker) Wesley, August 1862; Sidney Cedric (Sidney Hawker), April 1869; Sarah E, 1872 and Leander S, 1879; all born in Wayne County, Tennessee.  James H. and Elvira were on 1870 census in Lauderdale County, Alabama. Their burial sites are unknown.

James (Jimmy Hawker) Wesley Balentine married Amanda E. Balentine, daughter of Phillip Selvey and Sarah E. J. Vickery Balentine, circa 1884, with these children: Walter Zebedee, 03 Spetember 1885; Velma; Clyde (Candy), 19 September 1891. William Clarence, June 1893; Hattie M., May 1895; Dona (Donie), May 1898; Lee (Dovie), 1903 and Amanda E buried at Pine HIll Cemetery, Lauderdale County, Alabama.  Walter Zebedee Ballentine married Jeanette (Jennie) Ayers, born 07 January, 1884 to William H. (Billie) and Lydia Ann Gargis Ayers; at Pruit Plantation in Colbert County, Alabama on 26 January 1908.  They started housekeeping at Cypress Inn, Wayne County, TN. where the following children were born:  Mary Ida, 11 July 1909; Walter D, May 1911-died 1912; and Paul Jackson, 01 January 1913.  The family moved to the Crooked Oak area of Colbert County, Alabama; where more children were born:  Dennis Fleet, 03 December 1916; William Wesley, 20 August 1919; Mollie Mae, 28 December 1921; Nellie Cole, 20 May 1923 and Margie Denette, 28 December 1925.  Zebedee died of a heart attack 07 February 1940.  Jeanette lived a long, active life; she died 27 November 1976 in Decatur, Morgan County, Alabama; where she lived with daughter Mary Ida Ballentine.  Mary Ida Ballentine married John Bea Mayfield on 13 October 1923 in Tuscumbia, Colbert County, AL. Their children all born in rural Leighton were: John Reed, 21 July 1929-died 04 October 1988; Anne Thomas, 20 June 1931; Camilla Cecile, 01 May 1933 and Betty Jean, 29 January 1940.

In a family newsletter covering the Balentine family Melissa Jason Carpery writes this:

There are many Balentine Family Descendants alive today in the Stone County area and world wide because of a brave husband and wife. They traveled the mountains of Tennessee, waded the Mississippi River, and found their way to the hills of the Ozark Mountains near Onia, Arkansas over one hundred and twenty two years ago. I would like to introduce my Great Great Great Grandparents to you.Benjamin Simmons Balentine was born in Wayne County, TN, August 11, 1833, to John Balentine and Sarah Culpepper.  He was their youngest child. On December 22, 1855Benjamin married Melissa Elzura Erdine Sport in Lauderdale County, Alabama.  Melissa was born September 1839, in Lauderdale County, Alabama, to James Sport and Catherine Baxter.  Children of Benjamin and Melissa are:1. William “Bill” Joseph Balentine, born October 31, 1856 in Lauderdale County, Alabama; died May 23, 1939 in Stone County, Arkansas. He married Mahulda Jane Branscum June 6, 1880 in Stone County, Arkansas.

2.Mary Minerva Balentine, born April 25, 1858 in Wayne County, Tennessee; died October 13, 1958 in Stone County, Arkansas.  She married James Franklin Woody December 7, 1881 in Stone County, Arkansas.

3. Richard Houston Balentine, born December 18, 1859 in Wayne County, Tennessee; died June 19, 1951 in Arkansas.  He married Sarah “Sallie” A. Branscum October 5, 1879 in Stone County, Arkansas.

4.Benjamin Simmons Balentine, born July 23, 1862 in Wayne County, Tennessee; died May 20, 1960 in Arkansas.  He married Laura M. Anderson December 21, 1884 in Searcy County, Arkansas.

5. Harriet C. Balentine, born November 1865 in Wayne County, Tennessee.  She married Asa B. Lawrence.

6.John James Balentine, born December 19, 1867 in Wayne County, Tennessee; died January 21, 1957 in Stone County, Arkansas.  He married (1) Malinda Louise Branscum May 13, 1888 in Stone County, Arkansas. (2) Elizabeth Jane Sartin October 18, 1915 in Stone County, Arkansas. (3) Abbie Conway September 13, 1947 in Stone County, Arkansas.

7. Solomon “Daniel” Balentine, born March 1869 in Wayne County, Tennessee; died October 1, 1931.  He married Olivia Sarah Vaughn April 7, 1889. 

8. Nancy Ann Balentine, was born October 7, 1873 in Wayne County, Tennessee, died September 4, 1911.  She married V.E. Altaffer January 23, 1900, Stone County, Arkansas.

9. Ladasky “Erdine” Balentine, born October 8, 1876 in Alabama, died June 13, 1949.  She married William Rankin Ramsey August 19, 1894 in Big Flat, Arkansas. 

10. Amanda Ioney “Maudie” Balentine, born November 20, 1883 in Stone County, Arkansas, died November 1, 1911.          

It is difficult to determine the exact year that Ben and Melissa moved to Stone County, Arkansas.  In 1870 they are in Wayne County, Tennessee and in 1880 they are in Stone County, Arkansas.  It looks like they moved from Wayne County to Alabama between 1873 and 1876.  Because in the 1880 Stone County, Arkansas Census taken June 2, it states that their daughterNancy was born in Tennessee and 6 years old and their daughter Daska was born in Alabama and 3 years old.  So they probably moved sometime after Daska was born in 1876.Some contradictions of when Ben and his family moved comes from information in interviews with some of John James Balentine’s (Benjamin and Melissa’s son) children and grandchildren.  The story is that the family moved when John was five years old, which would make it about 1873.  Also another interview with Ollie Woody Gilbert says that her mother Mary Balentine (Benjamin’s daughter) walked behind the wagon the whole way from Wayne County, Tennessee when the family moved to Arkansas carrying her little brother on her back.  The only little brother this could have been would be Daniel who was born in 1869.  The problem with John and Ollie’s account is that the 1880 Stone County, Arkansas Census shows that Nancy was born in Tennessee in 1873 and that Dasky was born in Alabama in 1877.  Ladasky Erdine is listed in the 1900 Stone County Census and states again that she was born in Alabama.  Another story in the family says that Ben and his family moved in the fall of 1878.  So they could have left anytime after Ladasky was born in October of 1877.  As you can see the exact time when they arrived in Stone County is not not an easy thing pinpoint.     A little bit of geography explanation may help in explaining some of the movement of the family.  Wayne County, Tennessee and Lauderdale County,  Alabama are border counties and people moved from county to county and state to state in farming year to year.  Thus they did not pay much attention to county and state lines.[Census records are notorious for having a lot of mistakes; the information was only as accurate as the informant’s actual knowledge and the census takers spelling and degree of error free writing]     

Benjamin’s family came to what is now known as Stone County in a covered wagon and waded the Mississippi River. The family homesteaded at Hickory Grove, which is located between Onia and Big Flat. In an interview with Lilly Shipman, Benjamin’s Granddaughter, she describes some details about the family.  “The children grew up working  hard on the family farm to stay alive and to make a little extra money. They worked from sunrise to sunset six days a week and rested on Sunday. This left little time to go to school. Any schooling they received was at home.”  Benjamin was a farmer and is described as being “Black Dutch.”  Benjamin grew up in Wayne County, Tennessee, a short distance west of Cypress Inn. His parents, John Balentine and Sarah Culpepper, came to Wayne County in the late 1820’s or early 1830’s from South Carolina.

They were in their early forties in age, and already had a large family. In the 1840 Census of Wayne County, Tennessee, Benjamin’s father John is listed with three boys and one girl living at home; one boy is between five and ten years old (assumed Benjamin Simmons), one boy is between ten and fifteen years old (assumed Richard Houston), one boy between fifteen and twenty years old (assumed J. H.), one girl between fifteen and twenty years old (assumed Sarah ) and a female between forty and fifty years old (assumed Sarah Culpepper Balentine). The 1850 Census for Wayne County, Tennessee lists: Sarah , age 24, and Benjamin , age 18, living with their parents John , age 65, and Sarah age 64. John is a farmer and is listed as blind at this time. Sarah (John’s wife) is listed as not being able to read or write. It is told in family stories that John was known to have the nickname “One Eyed John.”  

The 1880 Stone County Census lists Benjamin as the head of household and 47 years old. His occupation is a farmer with his wife Malisa as keeper of the home and 40 years old. The other household members are: son William , age 23, born in Alabama, single, and working the farm; son Benjamin , age 17, born in Tennessee, single, and working the farm; daughter Harriet , age 15, and single; son John, age 12, working the farm, and son Daniel , age 10, working the farm.     We know that Benjamin could write his name because his signature is found on a bond for marriage license for his son Benjamin Simmons Balentine, Jr. in Searcy County, Arkansas, on December 19, 1884.    

Benjamin is listed in the 1900 Stone County Census living with his wife Malissia A and daughter Amanda I It states that they had been married for 44 years  and that both of Ben’s parents were born in South Carolina.  Benjamin has not been found on a 1910 census so it is presumed that he died between 1900 and 1910.  Benjamin is buried in the Pordue Cemetery at Onia, Arkansas.  Benjamin’s stone is a cement slab in the ground that reads as follows “Ben Balentine-Father of John Balentine.” 

With all that background information under our belt, now our attention turns to Richard Houston Balentine, son of John and Sarah Culpepper Balentine.  He was born 11 Jan 1827 and died 19 Mar 1882 in Wayne County, Tennessee. Dick Balentine and Mary A Cooper were married in Lauderdale County by John McCorkle, Justice of the Peace on 11 Mar 1846. Of their many children we will follow son Richard Houston Balentine who was born in Wayne County in August of 1855. He married Belizabeth Jane Jennie D Dulin who went by the initials “BJ” although some researchers do give her name as Elizabeth.  They married in Wayne County 16 October 1881; Richard was 26 at the time of the marriage.

Richard Houston Balentine died resulting from a chronic obstruction of the intestine at the spignoid flaxure of the colon on 2 Mar 1917 as a patient in a Nashville hospital. He was 62 years old. This family moved to Cloverdale in Lauderdale County between the 1900 census when they resided in Wayne County, Tennessee and the 1910 census when they were located in the Cloverdale community. According to the death certificate he was interred in Florence, but the name of the cemetery is not yet known.  His obituary states this: Mr R H Balentine, a prominent farmer of the Cypress Inn neighborhood died last Friday at St Thomas Hospital in Nashville where he had been for several days for treatment, and where everything was done that was possible to stay the ravages of an intestinal disease. The body was brought to Florence  Sunday afternoon and was taken to Cypress Inn. On account of high water in the creek there it was impossible to get to the family home, and the funeral services were held at the home of a neighbor, followed by interment in the local cemetery.Photo of the Richard Houston Balentine  family

Mr. Balentine was the father of Mr W B Ballentine, a member of the force of the Florence post office who was called to Nashville on the receipt of the sad news of his father’s death. The deceased is survived by his wife, and eight sons and one daughter. There is record of both BJ and Richard Houston Balentine’s burial at the family cemeterybearing the name Balentine Cemetery in Wayne County, Tennessee.

The known children of Richard Houston Balentine and BJ Dulin Balentine were: Thomas Grant Balentine 1857 – 1919;  Charlie Houston Balentine 1883 – 1965;  William Henry”Will”  Balentine 1884 – 1973;  John Dave Balentine (1888 – 1951); Mary Jane Balentine 1886 – 1902; Robert Larimore Balentine 1886 – 1969; Irvin Balentine born ca 1890; L Annie Balentine 1892 – 1965; and Edgar W Balentine 1894 – 1964.

The line of the family of interest here continues with Charlie Houston Balentine. Charlie was born 24 Sep 1882 at Cypress Inn, Tennessee and died  11 Jan 1965 at Sheffield, Colbert County, Alabama. He and his wife, Martha “Mattie” Ada Vickery had the following children: Elva, sometimes listed as Elsa Balentine born ca 1906, Richard K Balentine 1912-1982; and Mary E Ballentine born ca 1935.

Richard K Balentine was born 6 June 1912 in Lauderdale County, Alabama and died 9 September 1982 in Florence, Lauderdale, Alabama. On the 1940 census his occupation was given as truck driver for as a government worker; his age was given as 27. Richard K Balentine and wife Hazel had two children: Ray Balentine and Carolyn June Balentine. His wife Hazel and daughter June Balentine are also deceased. They are buried at Greenview Memorial Cemetery in Florence.


By Charles M. THOMPSON. Reprinted from “The Clifton Mirror”, Clifton, Tennessee, “Anniversary Edition” of 20 October 1905.

“Some time ago the editors of the “Mirror” made a request of Mr. C. M. THOMPSON of Houston to furnish us with her early reminiscences of the early history of Wayne County. Mr. THOMPSON replied with an installment which we published several weeks ago when we published his life sketch. In this second [editor’s note: actually first installment] installment he deals with the early settlers. All Wayne County people in particular will find this article exceedingly interesting. The contribution follows:

Editor’s Mirror,

By your request I will give you now some of the early settlers of Rain’s Creek (now known as Indian Creek).

My father, Zachariah THOMPSON, Jesse CYPERT, and John CYPERT came to Wayne County in the year 1818 together with Francis CYPERT, their father and also the grandfather of the undersigned. Robert CYPERT, a brother of Francis, and a soldier in the war of 1776, came with the above and all settled on Indian Creek.

My father settled the place where Joseph SIMS (the son-in-law of J. N. DAVIS) now lives. This farm has never passed from the connection. Robt. CYPERT, the old soldier, built the first mill on Indian Creek. It was built on the George WHITE farm, a few hundred yards southwest of the corner of J. N. DAVIS’ land and was a failure. The old man then moved up the Creek about seven or eight miles and built a mill on what is known as Johnson’s Fork of Indian Creek, near the place where the Martins Mills now stands. This mill went into the hands of Willoughby PUGH, from PUGH to Samuel COOPER, from COOPER to Archibald WALKER, from WALKER to the CROMWELLS, from the CROMWELLS to the MARTINS, the present owners.

Soon after the CYPERTs came to Indian Creek, Isaac HORTON, an old soldier of the war of 1776, and his three sons, Isaac, Nathaniel and William came to Indian Creek and settled just below the old mill. It might be of interest to record the sons of Jesse, Baker and John CYPERT.

Jesse CYPERT had seven sons. John L. was a Baptist minister (correction: preacher) and was one of the organizers of the Indian Creek Association. Zachariah, William C., James, Thomas P., Robert Jasper and Jesse N. CYPERT. The latter is the only member of the family now living. He resides in Searcy, White County, Arkansas. He served one term as judge of his county. Baker CYPERT had only one son. His name was Samuel and he now resides in the State of Oregon. John CYPERT had six sons, Jesse, Robert, Anderson, Thomas J., John W., and James W. CYPERT. Thomas J. CYPERT was captain of a company in the Federal Army, served in the Legislature of Tennessee two terms as Senator, was assessor of Internal Revenue for the sixth collection district of Tennessee and was a preacher for several years before his death. His brother John was a Captain in the Confederate Army in Arkansas. The members of this family have all passed over the river.

Henry RAYBURN came to the county a little later than the CYPERTs and settled near the mouth of Rayburn Creek, where it empties into Indian creek thence its name.”

C. M. THOMPSON, Martins Mills, Tennessee.

Second Installment, published in “The Clifton Mirror”, 10 November 1905, page 8.

“Inasmuch as my last article missed the waste basket, I will come again. In my former contribution I mentioned Henry RAYBOURNE as being one of the early settlers of this county. It might be well enough to give a short sketch of him and his family.

“Squire RAYBOURNE served for years as justice of the peace for his civil district. He had four sons and three daughters. His oldest son, Gen. John RAYBOURNE was a very prominent man in the county. He was sheriff for a number of terms, surveyor and a state senator. The names of the other three sons were Samuel, Davidson, and Elihu. The latter died young and never married. Squire RAYBOURNE was the grandfather of John A. SMITH and his sister Tennie, who live near Old Town in Hardin County; he was the grandfather of Charley SMITH of Cerro Gordo and of Mrs. Joseph HARRISON living near Saltillo. The two old people, son, daughter and infant are buried in the old apple orchard near the old home.

“Thos. BROOKS settled at an early day and the farm remained in the family for several years. It then passed to Wm. PARKER, father of John Y. PARKER and an uncle of your townsman, C. C. STRIBLING. John Y. PARKER now owns and lives on this farm.

“About a mile above the creek Andrew DOWNING settled. He came with three son: John, William and Jonathan to Indian Creek about the same time BROOKS did. John DOWNING settled across the creek at the place N. W. BRATCHER now lives. Wm. DOWNING, I think, went further down the creek, perhaps in Hardin County. Jonathan remained on the old homestead until about 1860-61 and moved to West Tennessee. After the war, R. J. CYPERT bought him out, the farm having been divided and changed hands several times. John W. MIDDLETON now lives on the Old DOWNING homestead and in the house that DOWNING built.

“The next farm on the creek above was settled by David SHULL. This farm changed hands several times. After SHULL came J. R. HUGHLING, then Col. Jacob BIFFLE (BIFFLE lived on it when the war came up) then Luther FARRIS, an uncle to Dr. Will FARRIS of your town. After FARRIS, A. F. HASSELL, after HASSELL, Daniel EATON, after EATON, James RIGHT and after RIGHT, the present owner Dr. E. R. YEISER.

“The next farm of note that I will mention is that of J. N. DAVIS. It was settled at an early date by David GALLAHER who remained on it for several years. It passed from GALLAHER to Wm. PARKER and from him to his son Frank. From Frank PARKER to Capt. David I. DICKERSON from DICKERSON to the present owner, J. N. DAVIS.

“I will now cross the creek opposite to place of the writer’s birth to the David TACKETT farm. MR. TACKETT was a large land owner. His farm has been divided and sub-divided. The names of the parties occupying the lands formerly owned by TACKETT are Samuel DAVIS, Bart LAY, Will and Marion LINDSEY, Joe ROBERSON, John ROBERSON, Thos. MARTIN, Wm. NOWLIN and Wm. SCOTT.

“This brings me to the Wm. YOUNGBLOOD farm. Mr. YOUNGBLOOD came to Indian Creek at an early date and settled the farm where his grandson Zachariah HORTON now lives. Mr. YOUNGBLOOD raised three children: Josiah, Lidda, the mother of Zachariah HORTON, and John William, the father of Joe and Mat YOUNGBLOOD.”

C. M. THOMPSON, Martins Mills, Tennessee

Third Installment, published in “The Clifton Mirror”, 24 November 1905, page 1

“Here I came again. As I started out to give a short sketch of the early settlers of this section of Wayne County, I will resume by dropped down from upper Indian to what we call lower Indian.

“Squire A. B. GANTT came to Indian creek at a very early date from Bedford County, Tenn. and bought an improvement from an old gentleman by the name of Jesse O’STEEN and settled what is now known as the GANTT farm – I think the second best farm in the county.

“Squire GANTT served several terms as justice of the peace but never held any other county office. He had three sons, L. B., W. M. and A. B. GANTT and several daughters. They have all passed away except three daughters who now reside in Texas. The farm is divided and is now owned by J. Y. PARKER and W. W. JOHNSON.

“I now cross the creek to the farm where Daniel EATON lives. It was settled at an early date by Phillip CANARD who did not live but a few years. His widow remained on the farm until her death. After that it passed to Mr. HERNDON. From HERNDON to J. and E. B. MARTIN, and from MARTIN to the present owner, Daniel EATON.

“I will now cross the creek to the farm settled by George HAWK. It passed from HAWK to David COOK, a great-uncle to your townsman, Dr. COOK. After COOK it passed to Wm. J. STRAYHORN (Mr. STRAYHORN was a very prominent and influential man in this neighborhood). After STRAYHORN to Ledford NEIGHBORS and thence to the present owner, Samuel H. SINCLAIR.

“I see in the last issue an extract from a letter written by Dr. Wm. T. CHILDRESS of Terrel, Texas. He resided just across the creek south of the S. H. SINCLAIR farm and practiced medicine for ten or twelve years. Dr. CHILDRESS is well known in this neighborhood and a man who stood high in his profession.

“I will not give a short sketch of John COOK. He came to Indian Creek at an early date and settled on the farm adjoining Daniel EATON on the West side and lying in the fork of Indian and Weatherford Creeks. Mr. COOK had four sons: David, Martin, Christian and John COOK. The latter is said to have obtained the first marriage license issued in Wayne County. His bride was a Miss MARTIN, a sister of the late John A. MARTIN of Martin’s Mills. Mr. COOK was a German by birth and a hatter by trade. He was the great-grandfather of your townsman, dr. COOK, and the grandfather of H. C. GREESON. Mr. COOK also had three sons by his second wife: Austin, Henry, and Frederick. The latter lives just across the line in Hardin County, on a portion of the land formerly owned by Hugh McCARN.

C. M. THOMPSON, Martins Mills, Tennessee

Fourth Installment, published in “The Clifton Mirror” 22 December 1905.

Mr. C. M. THOMPSON of Martin’s Mills who has been contributing a series of articles to the Mirror on the early settlers of Wayne County continues his histories sketch with the following communication:

“Editors Mirror

“Since my last article found a place on your front page, it is a pleasant inducement for me to write again.

“Continuing a sketch of the early settlers of Indian Creek, I wish to say that Messrs. Frederick ROSE, William BECKHAM and Green BECKHAM came to Indian Creek with or about the time John COOK did. Rose settled the farm across the creek north of the Daniel EATON farm. He had four sons, William, Phillips, Eli and Eanis. All settled in the same neighborhood together with William and Green BECKHAM. The former was the father of Zachariah BECKHAM, who raised twenty-one children to be men and women – fifteen sons and six daughters and all had families. Mr. BECKHAM was married three times.

“I will now pass up Weatherford Fork of Indian Creek, to the farm now known as the John SINCLAIR farm. It was settled by Stephen STUBBLEFIELD about the year 1819 or 20 and passed from STUBBLEFIELD to John SINCLAIR, (father of S. H. SINCLAIR of your town) about the year 1830, and has remained in the family to the present time.

“The above farm adjoining the latter on the south was settled by James SMITH at an early date. It passed from SMITH to William SINCLAIR, a brother of John, and remaind in the family until two or three years ago when it passed to the present owner, Jack BREWER.

“Douglass GILLIS, a Methodist preacher, settled the farm just across the creek, west from the latter and built the first camp ground that was built in this section of the county. Mr. GILLIS sold out to the SINCLAIR’s and mvoed to Horse in Hardin County, where he remained until his death.

“Jas. COPELAND, a brother-in-law of Mr. GILLIS, came to Weatherford’s Fork about the same time GILLIS did and settled the farm adjoining the above. COPELAND had five sons and one daughter. The names of the sons are Thomas S., Daniel G., James D., William and Joseph M. COPELAND. The latter is the grandfather of your townsman, Elihu DAVIS. The COPELAND farm is now owned by J. B. COPELAND, a grandson of the old man, having never massed out of the family.

“I now come to the Pinhook farm as it was known. This farm was settled by William Weatherford (thus the name of the creek) about the year 1818-1819 and was the first settled on the creek. Weatherford was part Indian and claimed to be related to Old Chief WEATHERFORD. He had four sons, Joel, Hill, John and William. The latter died young and never married. The farm passed to the Rev. W. P. KINDRICK.

“Mr. KINDRICK possessed considerable wealth and was above the average ability. He was a fine pulpit and stump orator and was a candidate for Congress at one time being defeated by the Hon. Barkley MARTIN. KINDRICK had three sons, W. P., James, and Clay. The latter died in the Confederate Army and was never married. The first son, W. P. Jr. was a very prominent man and served one term as State Senator and ranked high as an orator. He ran for Congress and was defeated by the Hon. John V. WRIGHT. Mr. KINDRICK was captured while organizing a regiment for the Federal Army and was sent to Libby Prison, and was one of the men who escaped through a tunnel and returned to Clifton. He died soon afterward and was buried in his own garden in Waynesboro, now owned by John F. MORRISON, attorney-at-law.

“James KINDRICK made his home at Florence, Alabama, and represented his county in the state legislature. Rev. Wm. P. KINDRICK was the grandfather of Dr. James BARLOW of Savannah. His wife was a sister of Judge CLAY of Alabama and also a cousin of the great statesman, orator, and politician Henry CLAY of Kentucky. The KINDRICK family have all passed away.

“I will in the near future have something more to say about the early settlers of the Pinhook neighborhood provided it is agreeable with the editor.”

Mirror Editor’s note: “Come ahead, Uncle Charlie, our space is at your disposal. Your article this week is exceedingly interesting and we are sure our Wayne County readers in particular will enjoy it. Ed.”

Fifth Installment, published in “The Clifton Mirror”, 12 January 1906, page 1.

“As I stated in my last communication that I would have something to say concerning a few more of the old settlers in the Pinhook Community and having been granted the permission of the editor to continue this series of articles, I will do so by stating that Gregory SINCLAIR, a brother to John and William SINCLAIR, bought land from Pryor YATES and settled the Pinhook farm, SINCLAIR living on this farm for several years and accumulating considerable property, both real and personal, but concluded that he could do better out west, so he sold to his nephew, William SINCLAIR, a son of John SINCLAIR, who remained on the farm until his death. His widow still occupies the old homestead.

“William SINCLAIR, Jr., was a very prominent man in his neighborhood and was a man of more than the ordinary talent. He served as Justice of the Peace for several years and ranked high as a gentleman, socially, religiously, and masonically.

“The farm adjoining the latter on the south was owned by Richard MOORE (Uncle Dickey), the father of Mastin MOORE of Hardin County and Thos. MOORE of Hardin’s Creek, the father of Richard and Ed MOORE and also the uncle of Dr. K. L. COOK of Clifton.

“The SINCLAIR family, John, William and Gregory, together with their father and two sisters came from Ireland to N.C., thence to Wayne County, Tennessee. John was a horse doctor, William a blacksmith, and Gregory, a weaver.

“The farm adjoining the Pinhook on the East at the mouth of Bear Creek was owned for several years by Benjamin WATKINS, but was sold to Wm. SINCLAIR, Sr. and remained in the family until the old man’s death. Since that time it has changed hands several time. The present owners are John HOUSE and the widow of John D. STRICKLIN.

“The farm adjoining the latter was owned at an early date by Rev. Wm. BAKER, the grandfather of Thos. J. GILLIS, living just across the line in Hardin County. BAKER sold to James A. LAWSON. The farm on the east of this was owned at a very early date by Robert SIMS, the grandfather of Robt. M. SIMS, attorney-at-law, Clifton, and also the grandfather of Thetis SIMS of Linden, the present member of Congress from the 8th district. Mr. SIMS had four sons, M. J., Robert, G. W. (father of Thetis), and A. M. (father of your townsman). SIMS sold to James A. LAWSON.

“The farm adjoining the latter on the east was settled by Nathaniel MARIN [editor’s note – surname probably MARTIN), and passed to Wm. SINCLAIR, Sr., and after him to James A. LAWSON.

“Next comes the farm settled by A. J. MARTIN, which remained in the family until about a year ago when it passed to James M. LAWSON, a grandson of James A. LAWSON.

“The next farm was settled by John N. GILLIS and passed to James A. LAWSON. LAWSON was a large land owner. He had four sons, Samuel, G. W., Thos. J., and John M. LAWSON. They are all living but the latter, and occupy the farms purchased by their father. These farms are all on Bear Creek of Weatherford’s Fork.

“If this misses the waste basket, I will come again. Wishing the editor a happy and prosperous New Year, I am, Yours truly, C. M. THOMPSON, Martin’s Mills.”

Sixth Installment, published in “The Clifton Mirror” 16 February 1906.

“Having been some time since writing you last, I have concluded to write another short sketch of the first settlers of Wayne County.

“Mr. Ben HARDIN, a land speculator, came to the county about 1817 and settled the form now known as the Gallaher farm on Factor’s Fork of Shoal Creek where the old Notchey Trace cross’d said creek (This trace was the road Gen. JACKSON cut on his march from Nashville, Tennessee, to New Orleans, the latter part of the year 1814, just before he fought the battle that is known in history as the battle of New Orleans which occurred on the 8th day, Sunday, January 1815.) The farm is still owned by the GALLAHER heirs having never passed out of the family.

“The farm lying east and adjoining the William YOUNGBLOOD farm, spoken of in an earlier article, was settled by a Mr. James GIPSON in the year 1819 or 1820, passing from him to Elijah HARBOUR. Mr. HARBOUR had three sons, Samuel, Elisha, and Elijah, and two daughters. The two first named settled in Hardin County, Sam settled on Turkey Creek about three miles above Old Town.

“Mr. HARBOUR’s farm was divided and subdivided and finally passed out of the family. Elisha settled on Indian Creek some two miles below the line. The farm settled by HARBOUR is one of the best farms on Indian Creek, this said farm never having passed out of the family. The present owner is the great-grandfather (Ed. – he means great-granddaughter) of the original settler. She is Mrs. Minnie MARTIN and is the daughter of your townsman, Mr. S. H. SINCLAIR.

“Elijah fell heir to his father’s farm and sold it to A. B. GANT and went to Mississippi. Before being divided, this was the best farm in the neighborhood. Mr. GANT divided it between his two sons, L. B. and W. M. GANT. The latter sold his to James HORTON and S. A. KING, while L. B. GANT sold his a few years fore the war between the states to Henry L. BURKETT and went to Texas. When the war came, MR. BURKETT took his family and went South, his oldest son going into the Confederate Army.

“After the war closed they settled in Mississippi and a few years later Frank BURKETT was Grand Master of the Masonic Lodge of the State of Mississippi. Henry BURKETT came back to this state and sold his land to R. C. MARTIN and Mr. MARTIN’s daughter, Mrs. Charles BOYD, is the present owner.

“The farm adjoining the Elisha HARBOUR farm on the east in Hardin County was settled by Kenneth MURCHISON, the great-grandfather of your townsman, Dr. K. L. COOK (this is his name) Said farm passed to Hugh McCARN, who accumulated considerable wealth both real and personal. He had four sons and two daughters by his first marriage and two daughters by his last marriage. The four sons were named Neal, Daniel D., John and William. The latter married but did not live but a year or two. Neal and John emigrated to Arkansas before the war. Daniel G. still remains in this county and is the only member of the family now living so far as the writer knows.

“Mr. McCARN owned a large farm at one time, but it is all owned by other people with the exception of what is owned by Daniel G. and Thomas J. GILLIS, who is a nephew to the old man.

“I guess I had better ring out before my contribution falls into the waste basket.”

Editor’s note: The Sixth Installment was the last article of the series found. If there were other articles contributed by Charles M. THOMPSON, the issues of the newspapers have not survived and therefore the articles are lost.

By way of background for Wayne County, Tennessee this prepares for the next post which will include photos of early Hayes family members and others from early Wayne County, Tennessee.