The past is the present for future generations who do not know their history

Peebles

Bon Accord…

or Bonnie Accord, David Peebles‘ plantation or a part of it, is now known as Aberdeen and is on the National Register of Historical Places. Why, bless their  hearts, the Peebles name is not even listed as one of the former owners. Some of the information about the history seems erroneous to those who may be familiar with the David Peebles family of Prince George County in Virginia.Aberdeen - part of original plantation of David Peebles named Bon Accord

The two-story brick home, a temple  style building, rectangular in shape was built circa 1790. Perhaps James Cooke did build Aberdeen, however, as it was David Peebles who originally owned the property and as some descendants believe still owns it. The once pristine plantation is located on what would seem an isolated and lonely stretch of highway nine miles east of Hopewell on Route 10. It’s physical address is 15301 James River Drive in Disputanta, Prince George County, Virginia in the 23842 zip code. Given as primary owners are: James Cooke family, Thomas Proctor, and the Charles Marks  family.

Aberdeen, originally part of the Bonaccord estate,  the records of the Historical Register state that it was given to Elizabeth Bonaccord [Peebles] upon her marriage to James Cooke. It is named after Cooke’s birthplace, Aberdeen, Scotland.  The write-up about ‘Aberdeen’ is part of a Virginia W.P.A. Historical inventory Project sponsored by the Virginia Conservation Commission under the direction of its Division of History.

In 1840 a great celebration took place at ‘Aberdeen’ in the form of a wedding for the groom Nathaniel Cooke. Cooke had served in the Confederates States Army in Company F, 5th Virginia Cavalry. Evidently it was a grand and great event, as it has become part of the history of the home. Nathaniel Cooke died in 1862. The write-up suggests that James Cooke was the progenitor of the Cooke family.

The photos of ‘Aberdeen’ were taken 1 Dec 1937 by Jennie Harrison as part of a survey and documentation that was included in files with the W.P.A. program and associated with the record of review to determine the buildings’ qualifications for historical register status. Elizabeth Cooke Hurt was given as informant. The official name of the property is given as ‘Aberdeen’ and the site number is given as VDHR file no. 74-0001. The recommendation process was complete in 2001 on November 20th by the Virginia Department of Historical Resources.

The one building is given as privately owned. It is a single dwelling with agricultural fields that is currently functioning as a single dwelling for the purpose of agriculture that matches the given historic function as a single dwelling in the Domestic category with agricultural fields in the category of Agriculture.

The building is architecturally classified as Early Republic and Early Classical Revival. The property is associated with events that have made a significant contribution to te broad patterns of our history and embodies the distinctive characteristics of type, period, or method of construction or represents the work of a master, or possesses high artistic values, or represents a significant and distinguishable entity whose components lack individual distinction. There are 378 acres associated with the dwelling. The period of significance for the building is 1840. That date would coincide with the marriage of Nathaniel Cooke that was held at ‘Aberdeen.’ The information given is that the dwelling is owned by Aberdeen Farm Properties, LLC at Aberdeen Farm, 15301 James River Drive, Disputana, Virginia 23842.

The lengthy descriptions of the property as contained in the paperwork seeking placement in the National Register of Historic Places follow:

Description

Aberdeen is an imposing brick temple-form house. The main façade features an imposing pediment finished with horizontal flush sheathing. The walls are laid in Flemish bond with flat arches over the openings. A diminutive portico with Doric columns is the central feature. It and the main roof have cornices with block modillion. A lateral hall runs across the entire front of the house, which is reflected in the side elevations that each have a door and two windows on the first floor below three windows on the second floor. Aberdeen is one of a group of houses that have this plan and front elevation. They occur over a long period and are scattered randomly across the state. Aberdeen also features important Federal interior woodwork in remarkably undisturbed condition. The house sits in a picturesque grove in front of woodland and wetlands. Between the fenced yard and the main road are flat fields typical of Tidewater Virginia still in cultivation, as they have been for at least three centuries. On these and other fields Thomas Cocke and his friend Edmund Ruffin conducted experiments in fertilization that led to Ruffin’s publications that revolutionized farming.

Exterior: The house at Aberdeen is a large plantation house built with the overall proportions of a classical temple. The walls feature Flemish bond brickwork with simple flat arches of the openings. The pediment is covered with flush sheathing and is outlined by a cornice featuring block modillion. This cornice continues around the house. The first-floor windows feature 9-over-9 sash and the second floor 6-over-9. The window frames are set flush with the brick walls and are not recessed, as is usually the case. The windows are fitted with louvered shutters. The house sits on a high basement lit by small rectangular windows.

The front (east) elevation is three bays wide. A diminutive 3-bay Doric portico shelters the central double door. It has the same cornice as the main roof. The porch has wide steps between stepped brick plinths (of 20th century vintage). In the center of the pediment is a round-arched window framed by arched blinds.

The 3-bay side elevations are identical with double doors at the front ends with two windows beyond on the first floor. On the second level windows occur above each lower opening. These elevations reflect the interior plan – a lateral front hall opening into two rooms behind.

In the rear wall brick continues to the top of the gable. There is a pair of slightly projecting chimneys. A one-story frame wing is attached which now houses a bathroom and kitchen. This wing contains work from different periods and probably has been rebuilt several times. Happily it is so subordinate to the great mass of the house that it does not compromise the classical proportions. It provides modern conveniences and leaves the original interior spaces unchanged.

Interior:  The front door opens in to the hall that runs the width of the front of the house. At each end are double doors. All three exterior doors feature transoms and leaves in which the panels have been replaced with panes of glass. Across the hall, interior doors lead to the two rooms beyond the hall. These single doors are robust 6-panel ones set in handsome double architrave frames. The splayed door and window reveals and soffits are reeded. In the northeast corner, the stair rises in a long initial run to a landing, a transverse run, another landing, and a final reverse run. The stair features a simple newel, square in section, and a handrail, oval in section, set on a recessed rectangular base. Simple balusters, square in section, support the rail. The treads rest on delicate curvilinear brackets. The hall like all the downstairs rooms, has pedestal wainscot with flush panels. There is a delicately molded cornice at the ceiling and a flat picture molding set in the wall about three feet below the cornice.

Behind he hall are the parlor (the southeast room) and the dining room (the northeast room). The large rooms are of equal size. They have similar pedestal wainscots and dentil cornices with slight variations in detail. The windows in the dining room have reeded reveals and soffits; those in the parlor are flat paneled. Each has a fireplace in its end (west) wall.

In the parlor, bookshelves have been built to the right of the fireplace. the fireplace probably retains its original large brick firebox, topped by a thin jack arch. The brick surround is framed by a delicate molding which is, in turn, bordered by a band of reeded blocks set flush with each other. Very narrow fluted  pilasters frame the opening and support and entablature of probably unique design. The cap molding of the pilasters continues across the top of the fluted band. The entablature breaks out over the pilasters and a central block. Between the three projections is a band of concave recesses. Above it is an intricate molding that breaks and carries over the projections. Above the molding a punch-and-dentil band occurs between the blocks. The cornice shelf features complex moldings.

In the dining room there is a closet to the left of the mantel and a door to the right that gives access to the one-story rear wing. While the doorcases to these openings appear to be original, the doors are not, and the present arrangement may not be the original one. The mantel is a simpler version of the one in the parlor. It repeats the fluted pilasters and three-part architrave but has a simpler entablature with a continuous band of modified wall-of-troy ornament. Above each pilaster cap is found a curious element that resembles an enlarged section of bead-and-reel ornament.

On the second floor, a winding stair to the third floor is located beside the main stair. There is a small hall room in the southeast corner. There are rooms of equal size over the parlor and dining rooms. These have wainscot and mantels with cornice shelves ornamented with dentils over openings framed with two-part architraves. The corners adjacent to the mantels (next to the common dividing wall) have been enclosed with angled walls to create a bathroom accessible to each bedroom.

The third floor has several rooms of differing sizes. Only two have windows – a small one served by the arched pediment window and a large one utilizing the window between the chimneys on the rear wall. There is a storage room under the roof on the south side.

There are photographic and other records of outbuildings that once stood near the house. A smokehouse was recently dismantled, but has been stored on the site for future rebuilding. The yard consists of mature trees and shrubs typical of rural Virginia. There are informal flowerbeds in the side yard north of the house. The yard is surrounded by trees in the fence rows on the front and sides and woodland  at the rear. In fornt of the house are broad open fields divided by an axial driveway that runs out to State Route 10. These fields and adjacent ones are planted today with seasonal crops. The deep cut where the road enters the gate to the front yard attests to the great age of the lane. Behind the house and fields are stands of pine timber, mixed woodlands, and designated wetlands. Except for a few small houses in the distance, view is of the flat fields that cover most of Prince George County. The land is still used as much of it was in the 19th century and some of the present crops may well still benefit from the marling done by Cocke and Ruffin almost two centuries ago.

Significance Summary

Aberdeen in Prince George County, Virginia, is significant at the state level under Criterion C for its architectural merit and under Criterion A for the unsung contribution of Thomas Cocke to the agricultural research done by his close friend, Edmund Ruffin. The house that Cocke built on his inherited land is one of a small group of houses built with lateral front halls serving pairs of large rooms. It contains distinguished Federal woodwork whose idiosyncrasies may well be linked to other houses through additional study. The house is remarkably well-preserved, with few changes, and sympathetic modernizations. Its sits surrounded by woodland, wetlands, and flat fields still being farmed. Thomas Cocke’s role as Ruffin’s guardian and later as confidant and friend has been overshadowed by Ruffin’s strong personality. Though Cocke did not publish his experiments on soil renewal, his debates with Ruffin and their mutual investigations were significant part of Ruffin’s research. In the fields still under cultivation at Aberdeen and on their lands nearby they experimented and cogitated. Ruffin’s published works reformed a significant segment of American agriculture.


She looks like an Angel…

she acts like an angel, she walks like an angel, she talks like an angel…but you better get wise…she does not want her hair to be white.

Oh No a Gray Hare

Angeleattia


We are Danubian culture bearers…

the Danube Bend

The Danube Bend

 on the Peebles side.

The river valleys which the Danubian occupied must have been relatively free of people; Mesolithic remains in the eastern and middle Danube Valley are very scarce, if not entirely absent.  We may therefore expect the remains of the Danubian immigrants to exhibit, without particular alteration, the physical characteristics of the population or populations from which they originated. The Danubian went into the Balkans then expanded across Central Europe. Their number were ten times that of the Mesolithic people. Danubian were the first Neolithic culture. Their population and movement created an Indo-European heartland as dictated by linguistic patterns.

Technology yet evolves to better establish definite rates of change for lexicostatistics (languages) and to determine the genotypes of ancient people from their palaeoserology (skeletal remains). And though the time is not yet; that time is just around the corner.

A prehistory by ethnic terms is by definition hypothetical. And history, as a branch of the biological sciences, must be mathematical – it is a constant that dna must be embraced. Through dna research barriers will be broken that every other facet of science has yet to reveal except in theory no matter the process, whether it be using language, culture, ethnicities, location, or archaeology as the target of study.

There are problems inherent in ancient history in terms of ecospheres, races, subraces and their boundaries defined as discontinuities in the environment. With that philosophy it is an either/or convention. That isolates the groups even though there are not physical boundaries preventing cross-pollination.

The littoral distribution of the Greeks early on (meaning before the fourth century B.C.) is a particularly striking example of an ecosphere. Their differing way of life created a social barrier as there was no physical barrier between the coastal people and the inland people. Among the peoples on the coastline, the differences theoretically appear to be just the amount of coastline they inhabited. Where the coastline indents seems to be an influence of groups of littoral communities to transform into an ecosphere.

Analysis using geographical manipulation of a number of areas within the Green Peninsula, the Aegean Island and Ionia with an extension up to Bosporus.

The Greeks originally initially occupied peninsular Greece and the Aegean Island then Cyrus. Beginning of the last millennium B.C. there occupations included Ionia, the Bosporus region, the mouth of the  Great Russian rivers, the southern Crimea and Crimean Bosporus, the heel and toe of Italy,  Campania and  Sicily. The fit is extremely good with the exception of Dalmatia and N Crimea which were never occupied by the Greeks.

These areas were mostly in the Carthaginians who were the dominant sea-power. And they, in geographical analysis, are reasonably well do centers of Carthaginian activity. So much has happened in history and the Greeks were a, if not the, major factor.

Emphasis on seafaring groups like the Phoenicians does not compute. There is scientifically ‘a lack of relationship’ in language and culture.The Phoenicians seem more like the people  of Syria and Lebanon. 

The central Greek zone proved to be stable as (part of) the largest Mediterranean littoral ecosphere. The most decisive change was in 1922. It was then that the Turks expelled the Ionian Greeks.

Next came the concept of a “natural frontier”. There was much conflict and many wars over the change from littoral ecospheres to ‘natural frontiers.’  With the ‘natural frontiers’ came simplicity. The frontiers means grouping by geographically easily recognizable features with the sea being the very best marker. This caused a conflict of interest between essentially ‘local control’ vs ‘centralized control’. ‘Local control’ was the precept of the littoral ecosphere while the ‘natural frontier’ was represented by ‘centralized’ control’. Relationships began to deteriorate.

With the advent of ‘natural frontiers’ comes the need to administrate. The need to administrate causes a need for a capital. A need for a capital causes a swell in population around the capital and then the metropolis is born. Groups of population like the Lydian Monarchy (Sardes metropolis), Phrygian kingdom, and the Roman London  formed metropolises.

Of note are the concepts that a state is more than its administration, more to a kingdom than its court, and more to a capital than its institutions.  Unity is the kingpin of the needed principles. The growth of the metropolis is the linchpin of the social change involved in the concept of unity. An everyday lesson for everyday people from this historical evidence is ‘caveat empor’ when groups espouse unity, to unify, to become one, or unison.

It is with the advent of the metropolis where ideology becomes concurrently exciting and dangerous. All of this relates to the world events of today even though it is ancient world history.

This concludes part one of a series on the history of our family; from ancient times to modern times. With this part, we started the ancient history of the family line where th dna test results left off, in ancient Greece.


Mother…

is in the photograph below. She is pictured with her friend, Thelma McGee. This photo of Thelma McGee and Slena Mae Peebles  is of 1945 vintage. My mother and Thelma McGee were lifelong friends. This photo accompanies the article written entitled “Mother”.

Thelma McGee and Slena Mae Peebles 1945

  • Mother… (rememberingtheshoals.wordpress.com)

He swam the river…

to court the one he would marry in 1897. George Washington Peebles was born, raised, and lived in Lawrence County. He lived in Hillsboro and in the Courtland area. Of course, this was before the Tennessee River had been dammed and some parts of the river were fairly shallow for at least certain times of the year. But, this knowledge kind of makes a Maj Peebles, Luther Coleman Peebles, Earline Peeblessoft spot in my heart for him. She must have been quite special in his eyes. The object of his affection was Willie Viola Casey, daughter of Willis Robert Lucas Casey and Mary Anna Manus Casey. They lived in Center Star located across the Tennessee River in Lauderdale County, Alabama. Willis Lucas Casey’s parents were Sarah Francis Lucas Casey and Jacob Duckett Casey. Sarah Francis Lucas’ father was a physician in Florence, Willis Lucas. Jacob Duckett Casey’s parents were Elizabeth Duckett Casey and Gen. Levi Casey. Elizabeth Duckett Casey, Jacob Duckett Casey and Sarah Francis Lucas Casey, among other relatives, are buried at the Casey Cemetery located now on private property, but which at the time was the property of Elizabeth Duckett Casey, widow of Gen. Levi Casey. The last photos featured in a Times Daily newspaper article showed the cemetery after it had been vandalized and stones broken. Elizabeth Duckett Casey lived at what used to be called Rawhide; her property was in close proximity to James Jackson’s Forks of Cypress which burned. Did you ever wonder where Cowpens Creek and such names originated?  The progenitor of the Casey family goes back to Abner Casey. The following excerpt from a book provides some background to our Casey family history.

The following information is from: Casey Family History, compiled by Harold Casey and Robert Casey, dated July 15, 1980.

Our first ancestor in this country was from the North of Ireland, and his wife was a Welch woman; they immigrated to America and settled in Virginia; the date I am unable to ascertain; it must have been something like 150 years ago. One account is that he located on the Shenandoah River; another is that he settled on the Roanokes; most probably he resided first and last on both of these rivers. He seems at one time to have to resided near, and been an admirer of the Randolph family, as we find it running down through several generations, and until today.

My great-grandfather was Randolph Casey, but whether he was a son or grandson of the Casey who first immigrated to this country I am not certain. He is said to have been the eldest of seven brothers, born in Virginia, but afterwards residing in Spartanburg District, South Carolina.

I have no certain trace of all of Randolph’s brothers. But from 1820 to 1826, Gen. Levi Casey, of Revolutionary fame, represented the Spartanburg, S.C. District in the House of Representatives of the United States Congress, and died while a member of Congress at Washington City, and is buried in the Congressional burying grounds at Washington City.

Gov. Zadok Casey informed me that while himself a member of Congress, he saw the grave and tomb of his relative, Gen. Levi Casey, at Washington. My impression is that Gen. Levi Casey was a younger brother of Randolph Casey.

A venerable lady, Mrs. Roberts, in 1855 in Texas, who was the mother of the Hon. Oran N. Roberts, Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Texas and since Governor of said state, stated to me that she grew up in Laurens District, S.C., an adjoining district of Spartanburg, and that she knew Gen. Levi Casey in her younger days, and while he was a member of Congress that he was a man of great hospitality and popularity.

She stated his rule and custom was when he returned home from the “Federal City” he issued and sent out invitations ‘to all the people in his district, to assemble at his house on a day named, at which Gen. Casey would have a large barbecue and ample provisions for man and beast, and his friends were required to spend a week as his guests, during which time he would render to them a full account of his acts in Congress; and the balance of the time was spent in feasting and dancing and such other amusements as suited the tastes and inclinations of his guests

Randolph Casey, my great-grandfather, as above stated, was born in Virginia, but was raised and grew up in Spartanburg District, S.C. where he married Mary Jane Pennington, a woman of superior mind and judgement. From the best information I can get, he must have married in 1765 to 1768. His children were seven sons and one daughter. The sons and daughter were born and named in the order following, so far as I can ascertain – viz: Levi, Isaac, Rebecca, Abraham P., Samuel, Randolph, Hiram, and Zadok. I am not able to state definitely the date of the birth of all Randolph Casey’s above named children. Levi, I think, was born some time in the year 1768 or 9, Isaac was born April 5, 1770. Abraham was born, I think, in Nov. 1, 1796 and he was the youngest and was born in Georgia.

My understanding was that Randolph, with most of his children, if not all of them, moved from South Carolina to Georgia about the year 1790 and perhaps earlier, and somewhere from 1800 to 1805 he and his children moved from Georgia to Tennessee and located in what was then Smith County, now embraced in Macon, as I am informed, on the “Long Fork” or “Dry Fork” of Barren River. And there Randolph Casey died and was buried somewhere from 1813 – 1815.

Randolph Casey was a soldier in the cause of the Colonies, and a part of the time under Gen. Marion. Gov. Zadok Casey told me, that while he was in Congress, about 1838, he searched the Military records of the War Department at Washington City and found his father’s name on the rolls and as having been in certain engagements, amongst them the battle of “Kings Mountain” and that he remembered to have heard his father tell about it in his lifetime. My information derived from members of our families that my great-grandfather, Randolph Casey, had a brother named Jesse, one named James, one named John, and one Christopher. What the others names were or what became of them, I am now unable to give a satisfactory account.

By correspondence and investigation, I find John B. Casey, a merchant of Covington, Ky., the son of Joseph Casey, that Joseph had four brothers – (viz) William, John, James and Samuel, all born in Baltimore County, Maryland, their father being from Ireland.

Benjamin Casey of San Jose, Calif. writes me that he is the son of Peter Casey, and that his great-grandfather’s name was Nicholas) who at one time owned the Dunkark Bottom on the South Branch of the Paromac, Va., and that Peter, the father of my correspondent, Benjamin, left Va. about the year 1806. Benjamin has a brother, Lewis, in California. J. M. Casey, a lawyer at Fort Madison, Iowa, writes me that his grandfather was Col. William Casey, a native of Virginia, moved to Kentucky at an early day, represented Adair County in the Legislature, and was a member of the Constitutional Convention of that State. His wife was Mary Jane Logan of Staunton, Va., and her brother, Montgomery, was a celebrated Indian fighter.

That Col. William had but one son, Green Casey, who was one of the first male children born in Adair County, Ky. My correspondent J. M. Casey, is the son of Green Casey, Casey County, Ky., which was named for Col. William Casey.

There is also a Casey family, the founders of Caseyville, Kentucky that are understood by our family to be distantly related. One of them, James, married a sister of Mrs. Gen. Grant; another Sam, has been a member of Congress from Kentucky; and another Peter, was Post Master at Vicksburg, Miss., and I am told is a little hard of hearing.

There are several Caseys in Montgomery and Shelby Counties, Ill. with whom we claim relationship – their names are or were: Levi, Thomas, Aaron, John and perhaps others. John has been a member of the Legislature from Shelby County,Ill.

Later information and investigation induce me to conclude that Randolph Casey’s father had a brother, who came to America with him, that they located in Virginia, and afterwards together moved to Spartanburg District, S.C., and there both their families grew up – and that Gen. Levi Casey who died at Washington City, a member of Congress from S.C., was a son or descendant of the brother of Randolph’s father’s brother.

The old stock of Caseys were mostly large men of action and physical endurance and in the days of Va. and S.C., where wrestling and fighting was fashionable at £eneral musters, elections, and other public occasions, took part and were rarely, if ever, vanquished. They were in the main, men of good judgement, and decided in their opinions. Some of them were churchmen and preachers, others
would drink, were fond of the sports, and would fight if necessary. Gov. Reynolds of Illinois said of the Casey family that he always knew where to find them as they were either in the pulpit or in the “Grocery.” While~this was not literally true, yet it doubtless, served to illustrate the idea that they were men of decided opinions. Being of Irish descent I think I may say they were in the main, warm in their attachments for each other and were perhaps inclined to stand by each other to the extent of being called “Clannish”


Willis Lucas Casey’s mother, now widowed,  had come to Alabama ca 1820 with a Duckett nephew, John Duckett. The Duckett’s were from Frederick, Maryland and were quite wealthy and prominent. Elizabeth Duckett had married Levi Casey in Frederick, Maryland. They located to the Old Ninety-Six District in South Carolina in what was or became Newberry, South Carolina. The Levi Casey family was also a prominent family. Levi and brothers had fought in the Revolutionary War. Levi Casey held the rank of Brigadier General. He led his soldiers into the battles that were pivotal in winning the War for American Independence . His service is accounted for next.

Levi Casey, the sixth son of Abner Casey from Tyrone County, Ireland,  held the rank of  Brigadier General and served in Congress from the state of South Carolina died at age 59 in the year 1807 in Washington City (known now as D.C.). Early in the Revolutionary War, he received command of a company with which he gallantly assisted at the siege of Savannah. He was later a distinguished officer at the Battles of Rocky Mount, Hanging Rock, Musgroves, King’s Mountain, Fishdanford, Blackstocks and at Cowpens. At the Battle of Cowpens, Levi performed important services to General Morgan. Levi Casey participated in a campaign into Georgia and Florida.

He first served in Captain Thomas Dugan’s Company under the command of Colonel James Williams. Colonel Williams was killed and replaced by Colonel Joseph Hayes. Levi served as Captain and later Lieutenant Colonel. After Hayes was killed by Tories, Levi Casey was promoted to Colonel and took command of Colonel Haye’s Regiment – then known as the Little River Regiment. 

 

Levi Casey was Justice of the peace, Justice of Quorum, County Court Judge, Commissioner and U.S. Senator (1800 – 1803) from the 96th District, Spartanburg, South Carolina. He also was Tax Collector (1786), served in the State House of Representatives as representative of Little River (1786 – 1788). Levi was representative for Newberry County in the State House (1792-1796). Another Shoals area citizen had an ancestor who fought under Gen. Levi Casey.  A Times Daily newspaper article entitled “The story of a soldier boy in blue”  published: Sunday, May 4, 2008 gives an account of young John L. Lindsey whose family later settled on the Tennessee-Alabama state line.

About the time Thomas Gainsborough was creating his famous work, The Blue Boy, in England in 1770, a young boy in Newberry County, S.C., could easily have been used as a model for his painting.

John L. Lindsey, born in Frederick County, Va., in 1764, persuaded his mother to cut out a coat that matched his father’s regimental colors.

This coat, along with a quilt, stitched together by John L. Lindsey’s daughter-in-law, remained in the Lindsey family until 1934, when they were both placed in the casket of David Lindsey.

Even though this lad was of the young age of 15 or 16, he served as an orderly for his father, Capt. Samuel Lindsey, in the Revolutionary War, especially during the raids of the British soldiers against the American colonists in Newberry County, S.C.

This occurred around 1779 and 1780. When his father marched away, under the command of militia Gen. Levi Casey and participated in the famous Battle of Kings’ Mountain, young John L. Lindsey was permitted to go along with his father as an orderly. It was remembered by members of the family he actually participated in the fighting that occurred during his father’s involvement in the King’s Mountain campaign.

Elizabeth Duckett Casey lost her husband when he was bug fifty something years of  age and very unexpectedly from a heart attack. Unfortunately for her, he died intestate. She received only a child’s portion of the estate. And there were a lot of children.  So, when her young nephew on the Duckett side planned an overland trip to settle in what would become the Shoals area, Elizabeth Duckett Casey and her then minor children also made the trip. Her settling in the Rawhide Community in Lauderdale County, Alabama is how those descended from the Casey side of the family got to be here. Elizabeth Casey had a married daughter in Newberry, South Carolina who later joined her mother in Lauderdale County, Alabama.

Meanwhile, back to Maj Peebles.  At that time, George Henry Peebles’ land holdings were pretty large. The Peebles had thoroughbred race horses that were sought from afar for their pedigree. If I recall correctly the name of their horse farm was Hidden Fields because of the undulating territory of the area before modernization brought about so much leveling of the ground. After Willie Viola’s mother came to live in hers and her husband’s household they acquired the land that had belonged to her family as well. So, their land holdings spread from where the International Champion Paper Mill sits today across the river into Lauderdale County in the area of Center Star.

But an unimaginable event happened that sent the farm up in flames. Well, maybe not the land, but the stables…and with all the horses trapped inside. The events that led up to the unimaginable were heartbreaking. According to what I was told, one of the Peebles girls was raped. The Peebles men, determined as they were, forced the rapist to marry the girl. The couple went on to have two children, I have often wondered what hell the girl’s life must have been like with the unfolding of events as they were.

In retaliation, the man who violated the Peebles girl, set fire to the home and stables. No report was given that any humans perished in the fire, but the account was that the horses were burned alive in the stables. This is a true and accurate account; the perpetrator spent time in Kilby prison for his dastardly deeds.

My grandmother Peebles would tell of seeing the horses. She would tell how fine and beautiful those horses were and that people from all over the country would want to buy or  breed them. If only. If only I had the where-with-all to record Mama’s accounts of the family over the years. If only.


Is there a Jubilee in the sky…

since they all went to Heaven? I was looking for something else and came across videos of The Speer family. Oh what singing, oh what shouting, when they all got together in heaven, there is no doubt.

One of the things I remember with the warmest emotions was the pleasure that Mama got from gospel music. There were 8×10 glossy pictures of The LeFevere family and others hanging on her wall. Many times when I would go up to their house she would have the tv on and there would be the best music I ever heard in my life coming from that black and white screen. It almost seemed like something that she and I shared all alone as I would be the only other one there. I remember Happy Goodman and Sister Vestal, The Speer Family, the Blackwood Brothers, the LeFeveres, the Statesman Quartet, the Cathederals. Oh, and the list goes on and on and on. What struck me most about all these singing groups was that they were genuine and seemed to mean every word they sang; and their religion burst forth in the joy derived from their singing. Their songs were almost always upbeat and joyful. I don’t think it ever really mattered to them that there was an audience physically present; they were living out what they felt.

I know it must be confusing when I remember to Mama and Mother. Mama is what all the grandchildren called our grandmother, Betty DRUE Peebles. I still call her Mama. Gran and his friends ‘made music’ as we used to say, but Mama’s music was the old-fashioned gospel. I went to church with her a few times when I was little. We walked to the Nazarene Church which was the closest church when you were walking. I remember the ladies all wore hats and if I remember correctly they also wore gloves, or maybe they just wore gloves at Easter. The hats always seemed to have some sort of netting that came down over the eyes when pulled down. I seem to recall that the netting was pulled down at funerals.

Mama and Mother’s favorite group was the Singing Speer Family. The Speer family lived in Jasper, Walker County, Alabama. The group started as Mom and Pop Speer, then the daughters and sons were added.  As family was added the group grew to add those as well. Pop Speer, Tom, was a singing music teacher. He taught music by teaching his students and children to ‘note sing.’  It was fascinating to me to hear four of the children sing a song  by ‘notes.’ Anyway, a video for your enjoyment, and one that brings Mama back to life for me, follows. My favorite Speeer was Brock, but Mother’s favorite was Ben. The second video features Ben Speer.


You could tell they were all kin…

without even knowing their names because their features were so prominent making them, perhaps, unforgettable. It seems the likenesses tended to carry through more in the males of the Peebles’ lines. I would bet if you had Uncle Dan, Uncle Henry, Gran,  and Maj in a lineup you would know they were kin. Likewise, Luther, Luke and  Polk.

William Henry Peebles was a brother to George Washington “Maj” Peebles, DANiel Edward Peebles and James Walter “Jim” Peebles. He was born in Lawrence County, Alabama, died in Morgan County, Alabama presumably at Decatur Memorial Hospital, and was buried at Cottingham Cemetery in Lawrence County as were numerous relatives. This family started out in Alabama in Lawrence County around Hillsboro, Mountain Home, Wheeler Basin or Trinity and over the years many of them migrated to Sheffield, Brick, Leighton, and other points in the Shoals. On the 1900 Federal Census Record for Lauderdale County, they all lived in Center Star, Lauderdale County, Alabama. This was due to the fact that WillMaw Willie Viola Casey Peebles’ family had land in Center Star. The Peebles’ land covered the area where Champion Paper Mill is today and crossed the Tennessee River to Lauderdale County into Center Star. Around the Center Star area relatives included Manus, Posey, Casey, and Laughlin surnames.

No matter where destiny took them, they were still one big, and I do mean, big family. The photo on the graphic below is the only one of Uncle Henry as mother used to call him that I know exists. If there are others maybe the owners will share.

William HENRY Peebles Family

The family of William HENRY Peebles


Get your tissues ready…

you are going to need them.

Got your tissues? Okay.

R D Peebles: Pappaw's Journey

R D Peebles: Pappaw's Journey by Amy Cochran Passmore


Help identify who is in this photo…

with Aunt Jennie.

This is a November 1981 photo of Jennie Peebles Glenn and two relatives. It was made at the burial of her husband, Jessie Richard Glenn at Courtland City Cemetery.

Jennie Peebles Glenn

Jennie Peebles Glenn


Gran’s Favorite Grandchild…

Gran's Favorite Grandhild

Gran's Favorite Grandhild