The past is the present for future generations who do not know their history

Posts tagged “Alabama

Peebles and Box family photos

This photo montage of Box and Peebles family members is wonderful.


Another reflection of our past…

this is a 1933 photo of the Sheffield, Alabama downtown area.

Photo of downtown Sheffield Alabama in 1933


Sometimes the little bit you do know makes you want to cry…

about someone.

This is the emotion evoked when one thinks back on Fannie Tolbert. Fannie Tolbert was born 2 March 1908. On the 1910 census her age is given as 6; there are other discrepancies in the birth year of other children on the same census record. The information on official documents is only as accurate as the person giving the information.

Fannie Tolbert was the eighth child of nine known children born to Elizabeth Anna Garth Rachel Matilda Terry Tolbert and husband Joseph Calvin Tolbert. The Tolbert name was originally spelled Talbert, which would denote tallow or candle maker. Over the decades it has many variant spellings to include Tabutt, Talbot, Tolbut, Talburt, etc.

After so many years researching and trying to locate Fannie, her whereabouts is now known. And I ponder as to whether the family ever knew what became of her.  I am pretty sure that my grandmother Drue Tolbert Peebles, her sister, never knew and that fact might have brought her comfort now. She always called her Sister Fannie.

Fannie Tolbert married first to William POLK Peebles. Polk Peebles was a brother to my granddaddy, Robert Duncan Peebles. Tolbert sisters married Peebles brothers.  Polk and Fannie had two girls. Mother talked of them often and had a high regard for the two sisters. She called them Red and Bobbie. Their names were actually Pauline and Louise Tolbert. At some point Fannie and Polk Peebles divorced, but no record has been found to date, but had to be prior to 1920.

Polk Peebles married a second time to Hortensia “Teanie” Terry. That marriage took place 21 November 1927 at Leighton, Colbert County, Alabama. They had several children: Dorothy Jean, Dwight,  Linda, Lou Ella, William Thomas, Cleora “Cleeter”,  Linnie Dee, Coleman Lee, Floyd, Doris Ann, and Beverly Joan.

It seems that no one today can add any info on Fannie or what became of her.  Both of her daughters have passed on. Fannie married a Henry Chastain the second time. Her death came at a tender age. She was just 30 years 8 months and 16 days old at her death on 18 Nov 1938. Her death certificate proves a heartache for family and friends.

Fannie Tolbert Peebles Chastain died at Lookout Hotel in Chattanooga, Tennessee of her own hand. She was poisoned with bichloride. Verification that it is Fannie Tolbert Chastain comes from information extracted from her death certificate:

Name:Fannie Chastain

Spouse:Henery Chastain

Father:J C Tolbert, born Alabama

Mother: Lizzie Terry, born Alabama

Birth:abt 1908

Death:18 Nov 1938 in Chattanooga, Hamilton, Tennessee; she died in the am

Death: suicide in the city at a hotel

She was under a doctor’s care from 2 November to 18 November 1938. That brings to mind, was she suffering from a terminal disease or other ailment? She was buried 20 November 1938 in Memorial Cemetery in Chattanooga, Hamilton County, Tennessee. The only Memorial cemetery found in Chattanooga was Chattanooga Memorial Cemetery. A memorial in her honor has been placed on Find-A-Grave online.

Tennessee, Deaths and Burials Index, 1874-1955 verifies the info give in the death death certificate in Tennessee.

Name: Fannie Chastain
[Fannie Tolbert]
Birth Date: abt 1908
Age: 30
Death Date: 18 Nov 1938
Death Place: Chattanooga, Hamilton, Tennessee
Gender: Female
Marital Status: Married
Father’s Name: J C Tolbert
Mother’s name: Lizzie Terry
Spouse’s Name: HeneryChastain
FHL Film Number: 1876868

Photo of the death certificate for Fannie Tolbert Chastain


Old photos are real…

treasures. No matter their size or condition, they are real treasures that can not be replicated.

Here is a real treasure for those who are descendants of the Box family.

Photo of Miles PINKney Box and unknown man


I don’t know if this is good or bad…

so I will let the reader decide. I can tell you that it really disturbed me. And to think this is what they came to…after surviving a war like none other in the land we love.

There will be an attachment to this post below. There are 67 people, some women, who are considered inmates after a life of honor. They lived to an age that many would pray for, but I am not sure I would be at all happy with their life situation.

In searching for information on Samuel B Barron a Confederate who was born in Chambers County, Alabama  and should have died in Alabama, but instead he died in Austin, Travis County, Texas. He died in the Men’s Confederate (Soldier’s) Home at 5:20 am to be exact on 28 February 1932. He was 87 years 4 months 24 days old. It appears that an official at the Old Soldier’s Home was the informant for the death certificate. The facility housed Civil War (southerners call it the War Between the States or the War of Northern Aggression) soldiers, and some wives, along with staff and workers. On Samuel Barron’s death certificate it provided the information that he died in the old soldier’s home of septic pneumonia. He was there 2 long years, two months and 20 days before his life ended. He is buried in the State Cemetery in Travis County, Texas.

There was an old soldier’s home in south Alabama, so I am aghast as to why so many of our elderly Confederate soldiers were shipped away from any home they knew and placed as inmates into what would have to seem like a prison. That question is for research on another day. This 1930 census of the inmates and workers, and wives is a sweet little piece of history to have stumbled upon. It gives the age of the person when they first married. It gives their age at the time of the census. It provides their marital status, and in some cases their spouses are living in the same room with the soldier. It tell us where the soldier was born, where their father was born, and where they mother was born. That is quite a lot of information that would have gone unoticed but for serendipity.

Below is an account of those 67 souls who were confined at the Men’s Confederate Home for Retired Confederate soldiers in Justice #3, District # 30 , Block#1600 in Austin, Travis County, Texas. Some of the names seem so familiar. Are there ancestors of yours among the inmates?

The information is there, I promise. I am not able to add media or tags so I did a workaround. Press the link below and it will take you to the pdf. Then press the link that reads 1930 Confederate Men’s Home. It is close enough to government work for me…this late at night. I hope you find your long lost ancestors on the list of 67 names.

http://rememberingtheshoals.wordpress.com/?attachment_id=6086


Precious are the memories…

even if only in the form of a photograph. Lee Murray and Buddy Jackson have shared information and this photo on our shared Murray lines. My third great-grandfather, John M Murray, and his parentage is still a brick wall for all of us researchers. But it seems in the electronic age that more sharing is possible without travel. John M Murray was one of the north Alabamians who joined with Andrew Jackson in the fight with the native Americans in the Creek War (often referred to as the War of 1812). The most famous battle remembered from that conflict is the Battle at Horseshoe Bend.

John M Murray died at Vance’s Station according to his obituary. He was 99 years of age at death. He had survived several wives and had more than one set of children. His last wife was Jane Pierson/Pearson who was much his junior. She drew a widow’s pension from his war experience. One of their sons was named Marshall Winchester Murray. The photo below shows possessions of John M Murray and others that belonged to his son Marshall. The powder gourd, hunting horn, wooden box and shoe repair belonged to John Murray.  The rest belonged to his son Marshall.  The wooden box is cut out of a single piece of wood with leather hinges.  He kept his tax papers in it. This photo of their treasures means as much to me as does the plug of tobacco that was left by my great-grandfather, Levi Murray.

Photo of John M Murray and Marshall W Murray possessions


All family lineages seem to lead through southern Tennessee at some point in time…

Fayetteville Town Square south side

Fayetteville Town Square south side (Photo credit: SeeMidTN.com (aka Brent))

that also are situated in northern Alabama and sometimes northern Mississippi. In this reprint of Goodspeed’s History of Lincoln County, I can find some of my family surnames. I can also spot some surnames of family that is related to other Shoals residents.  This account of the people and history of Lincoln County, Tennessee was published in 1886. It is a fascinating read even if only for a glimpse back in to the past.

                                                   LINCOLN COUNTY

LINCOLN COUNTY is bounded on the north by the counties of Marshall, Bedford, and Moore; on the east by Moore and Franklin; on the south by the State of Alabama; and on the west by Giles County. It lies almost wholly within the central basin of Middle Tennessee. The geological situation of the county is about equally divided between the siliceous group of the lower Carboniferous formation, and the Nashville group of the Silurian formation. On the line of railroad may be seen large quantities of black shale, which is so impregnated with petroleum or bitumen that it will sustain for a month a fire when kindled on it. This black shale is also rich in sulphuret of iron, by the decomposition of which copperas and alum are formed. It easily disintegrates upon exposure and is valueless except for the manufacture of the salts mentioned. Many of the limestone rocks are but aggregations of fossil remains. A few miles east of Fayetteville is a quarry where a very fair article of reddish variegated marble is found. This marble is sometimes injured by particles of iron pyrites. The county is divided into two almost equal parts by the Elk River, with which its numerous tributaries affords it excellent water facilities. The streams which enter this river from the north are Bradshaw Creek, Swan Creek, Cane Creek, Norris Creek, Mulberry Creek, Roundtree Creek, Tucker Creek and Farris Creek. Those from the south are Shelton Creek, Duke Creek, Stewart Creek, Wells Creek, Coldwater Creek, and Kelley Creek. Between Elk River and the Alabama line is a belt of high land which is the watershed between Elk River and the Tennessee. This watershed embraces a strip about eight miles wide and includes nearly one-third of the county. It is an exceedingly level high plateau and is not well drained. The sub-soil a pale yellowish clay porous and leachy except in swamps where the clay is bluish. However, a few spots are found with a good red clay subsoil, and when this is found, lands are rated higher. No limestone is seen on this plateau and the main vegetation is wild growth.

The remainder of the county comprises spacious valleys, alternating with productive hills and ridges. Upon some of the hills however, the loose limestone lies in such abundance as to preclude cultivation. The valleys of Elk River and Cane Creek will average a mile in width, and the latter is probably fifteen miles long. The land in these two valleys is as productive as any in the State. Many knolls near Elk River are upraised alluvium. An abundance and a general variety of timber grows in the county. It is mainly of the following varieties: Linn, Buckeye, hickory, poplar, box elder, black walnut, wild cherry, black locust, chestnut, beech, gum, dogwood, ironwood, horn beam, sugar tree, hackberry, cedar and elm.

As early as 1784 land explorers passed through this section, and some surveys were made and grants issued prior to 1790. North Caroline grants for land in this country were issued to John Hodge, Robert Walker and Jesse Comb in 1793. There are also land grants recorded in the office of Lincoln County Register, bearing date of 1794, to the following persons: William Smith, Elizabeth W. Lewis, Ezekiel Norris, William Edmonson, Alexander Green, Thomas Perry, Thomas Edmonson, Mathew Buchanan, Mathew McClure, Andrew Green and John Steele. In the spring of 1806 James Bright, at the head of a surveying party, passed where Fayetteville now stands, striking Elk River near the mouth of Nelson Creek. He found a very rank growth of cane and occasionally discovered Indian trails. Near Fayetteville he found a deposit of periwinkle and muscle shells, giving evidence of an Indian village site, and by some it is supposed that this was the village in which De Soto camped through the winter of 1540-41: This supposition has recently been strengthened by the finding of a coin bearing the inscription of the Caesars.

It is impossible to tell who first settled within the present bounds of Lincoln County. The first settlers are now all in their graves and many have no descendants in the county.. In the fall of 1806 Ezekiel Norris settled on his grant of 1,280 acres of land at the mouth of Norris Creek, and this creek is all that now bears his name in the county. He was a shrewd man. Being led to donate 100 acres of land for the county seat under the false representation that other parties had made the same offer, he afterward sued the county and recovered $700 for the land. He was probably the first permanent white settler in the county.

James Bright also became a citizen of the county, and many deeds are recorded transferring land from him to other parties. For twenty-five years he was clerk of the circuit court and was clerk and master of the chancery court for a term of years. John Greer, a very wealthy man, settled near the mouth of Cane Creek on his large tract of land. He took interest in organizing the county and in conducting the public affairs afterward He was once general of the militia. He erected a valuable mill for those days on Elk River, two miles from Fayetteville.

Joseph Greer settled on his vast domain on Cane Creek near Petersburg. He was a giant in stature, standing six feet seven inches and well built proportionately. He was one of the forty gallant defenders of Watauga Station in 1769. He was also a hero of King s Mountain, and it was he who bore the news of that splendid victory to Congress, then sitting in Philadelphia. He dressed in the style of the old aristocratic Virginia gentleman. Thomas Leonard, Hugh M. Blake, Jesse Riggs, Peter Luna, James Blakemore, Capt. William Crunk and Ezekial March were also settlers on Cane Creek in the first and second decades of this century. Crunk and Blakemore were noted for their social qualities, and dances were frequent at their homes. On Swan Creek, N. G. Pinson, Joel Pinson and Wright Williams were prominent first cane cutters, and men who bore their share of the load in administering public affairs. In what is now embraced in the Twelfth and Thirteenth Civil Districts the first settlements were made by James McCormick, John Anderson, Henry Taylor and Richard Wyatt. On Norris Creek early homes were made by Fielden MacDaniel, Moses Hardin, William Edmonson, John Ray, George Cunningham, Samuel Todd, Isaac Congo, ____ Jenkins and ____ Parks. On Mulberry Creek were John J. Whittaker, a good and prominent man; John Morgan, grandfather of Hon. John M. Bright, Brice M. Garner, who soon removed to Fayetteville, and Gen. William Moore. Others were the several Whitakers, Hardy Holman, William Brown, Enoch Douthat, the Waggoners and Isaac Sebastian.

Other settlements on Norris Creek were made prior to 1810 by Ebenezer McEwen, Robert Higgins, Amos Small and Philip Fox. It is said that Davy Crockett also lived in the vicinity of the waters of Mulberry, in the eastern part of the county, in 1809-10.

In Fayetteville James Bright, who is mentioned above, was one of the most prominent first settlers. James Buchanan, Francis Porterfield, Brice M. Garner, John P. McConnell, Robert C. Kennedy, Benjamin Clements and many others, made up the first citizens of the town. Alexander Beard settled near Fayetteville, south of the river. He has a large body of land, but lost a great portion of it in confirming his title, which, among many other North Carolina grants, was contested. Philip Koonce settled between Shelton Creek and Duke Creek in 1807 or 1808, and near by him, on Shelton Creek, settled Henry Kelso, about the same time. Tunstall Gregory settled on the waters of Shelton Creek, and John Duke on Duke Creek. Michael, Rolinson was one of the first settlers on Coldwater Creek; but an old man, named Abbot, lived in that part of the county five years, before he knew any one else lived within one hundred miles of him, so says one who vouches for the truth of it. A great many settlements were made prior to 1810, on the waters of Coldwater, but names can not be obtained. A man named Peyton Wells was the first to make a home in the vicinity of Wells Hill. He kept a noted ordinary or tavern. A man named Harper was the first to settle on the branch that now bears his name. Joseph Dean and William Todd soon became his neighbors.

The southeastern part of the county was sparsely settled along in the twenties, but the barrenness of the soil has deterred many from locating there.

Many other settlers suffered privations and hardships, as well as those above given, but their names and places of settlement are lost to reliable tradition. In 1808 land entries were made by the following: Anthony Foster, Daniel Cherry, John Morgan, Benjamin Fitzrandolph and George Maxwell. Other land entries were made as follows : 1809– Adam Meek, William Richey, Robert Davis, Nicholas Perkins, John Richardson, Joseph Greer, Michael Robertson, W.P. Anderson, Oliver Williams, Nicholas Coonrod, Newton Cannon, Wright Morgan, Abram Maury, Stephen Holbert, Malcom Gilchrist, William Martin, Edward Bryans, Jacob Castleman, Nimrod Williams, Jesse Franklin, John Tesley, Daniel Kinley, Philip Phillips, Michael Campbell, Samuel Garland, William Townzen, Robert Bigham and Robert Tucker. 1810 — Armstead Stubblefield. Abner Wells, William Rountree, Lemuel Koonce, Thomas R. Butler, Francis Nichson, John Cunningham, William Edmiston, James Buchanan, Morris Shaw, Thomas Edmiston, John Alcorn, Robert Elliott, Robert Nelson, James Winchester and Thomas Hickman, 1811-12– Reuben Stuart, John Cone, Timothy Hunter, James Coats, Roger B. Sapington, Henry Rutherford. 1813-14 — Robert C. Kennedy, Robert Henry, Alexander Newberry, Brice M. Garner, John Coffman, Francis McCown, Mary Gray, David Cowen, Hugh Heartgrave, James McBride, Joseph Garner, Jeremiah Burks, Elyan Clements, Alden Tucker, Thomas Clark, Joel Butler, Daniel Read, William McGehee, Jesse George, Edward Harding, Samuel Ragsdale, Samuel Yager and Aaron Dutton. 1815-20 – William Dickson, Jr., Jesse Pugh, William Smith, Warren Calhoun, Lavis Pugh, John Russell, Andrew Greer, William Dickson, David McGlathery, Henry Rutherford, David Dodd, James Boyle, John Clark, George Price, Joseph Byers and Joseph Street.

Doubtless many others grants were issued, the records of which are lost. Many of the above persons settled here before obtaining their grants, and some who obtained grants did not permanently settle, and even some were speculators who never lived in the county. On account of the climate and the fertile soil settlers were attracted to Lincoln County, and in 1833 it had a population of 10,788 free white persons. Since then parts of the county have been formed into other counties. In 1880 the population was 26,960.

Among the oldest persons now living in the county and who have been in the county since its pioneer days, are Hon. John M. Bright, Rev. J. W. Holman and C.A. French of Fayetteville, and Hugh M. Blake and Joseph Gill of Petersburg . Early pioneers found it no trival matter to develop their farms and raise their families. Not only was farming to be developed, but milling, merchandising, schools and churches, all required attention. However, these people were happy in their condition, and various were their amusements. Fayetteville, Petersburg and Arnold s Grocery (now Smithland) were noted places for settlement of all grudges in pummelling fights. The lookers-on enjoyed this very much, and it was their duty to see fair play. No weapons or missiles were to be used, and it was not fair to bite. In Fayetteville was a grocery, in which fighting was such a common occurrence that it was known as the war office, Militia musters were big days for the people.

Grist-mills were erected on the creeks and on Elk River, and there were several horse-mills in the county. To these horse-mills each man took his own horse or horses, and hitched them to the sweep to turn the mill while his grist was grinding. The water-mills were more economical, that is, they needed no horse power.

Joel Yowell, an early citizen of Petersburg, had a large horse mill two miles from Petersburg, with a hand-bolting machine attached. Jesse Riggs and Thomas Leonard also had mills of this kind. Leonard and Yowell had wheat threshers attached to their mills, and Leonard also had a cotton-gin attached. However, threshing was mostly done by tramping it out.

In 1811 the county court granted Elias Lunsford permission to build a saw mill on Mulberry Creek. This mill was built the following year. In 1814 David ; . Monroe built a grist-mill on the west fort of Cane Creek. Francis Finchee built a grist-mill in 1815. In 1820 Nathaniel B Binkingham built a mill on Cane Creek on a tract of school land.

Taverns were numerous, and were situated in all parts of the county without regard to towns. Ephraim Parham, Vance Greer, William Cross, Brice M. Garner and John Kelley obtained tavern license in 1811. Collins Leonard, Jesse Riggs, Cornelius Slater, John D. Spain, John P. McConnell, Elisha Boyles, William Garrett, George Stobah, C. R. Milborn, David Cobb, Joseph Dean, John Parks, William Smith, Walter Kinnard, Enoch Douthat, John H. Zevilly, John Houston, John Parks, Thomas Rountree and William Mitchell were other tavern keepers in the teens. These taverns were also know as ordinaries, houses of entertainment , etc.

Elk River was crossed by means of ferries. Ezekiel Norris had one of the first ferries on the river. William P. Anderson established a ferry at the mouth of Farris Creek in 1820, and Andrew Hannah, in 1822, established one at Hannah Ford.

Produce was marketed by means of flat-boats carrying it out of Elk River and down to New Orleans, and by wagons to Nashville. The very earliest merchants obtained their goods mainly from Baltimore, and brought them here by wagons from that city. Estill & Garner were experienced flat-boatmen. They took out boats each years, and returned on foot from New Orleans. At first cotton was not raised here to any extent, and that article was obtained in Alabama and freighted by wagons. Scouting Indians frequented these first settlements, but very few depredations were committed by them. It is handed down by reliable tradition that three men, whose names were Taylor, Anderson and Reed were scalped by the Indians while out searching for a horse. Another incident occurred wherein the Indians forced their way into a house where a woman was making soap. The woman had secreted herself behind the door with a gourd full of boiling soap, and upon their entrance she anointed the dirty red-skins with telling effect, causing them to flee for cooler parts.

Lincoln County was created by an act of the Legislature in 1809. The following is the act so far as it relates to establishment of the county:
AN ACT TO ESTABLISH A COUNTY SOUTH OF BEDFORD, TO BE KNOWS BY THE NAME OF LINCOLN.

SECTION 1. Be it enacted by the General Assembly of Tennessee, That Lincoln County shall be laid off and established within the following bounds, to wit: Beginning on the northeast corner of Giles County and extending south with the eastern boundary line of Giles County to the southern boundary line of the State; thence with that line east to a point due south of the mouth of the mouth of Cove Spring Creek; thence north to the southern boundary line of Bedford County, and thence, with the said line, westwardly, to the beginning.

Sec. 2. Be it enacted, that John Whitaker, Sr. Wright Williams, Eli Garret, Littleton Duty and Jesse Woodruff be, and they are hereby, appointed commissioners with full power to procure by purchase, or otherwise, 100 acres of land on or near the north bank of Elk River, as near the center of the county, east and west, as a proper situation will admit of, and at all events not more than two miles from said center.

Sec. 3. Be it enacted, that the said commissioners, immediately after procuring the aforesaid 100 acres of land, shall cause a town to be laid off thereon, reserving near the center thereof a public square of two acres, on which the court house and stocks shall be built, likewise reserving a lot in any other portion of said town for the purpose of erecting a jail; and the said town, when so laid off, shall be named Fayetteville.

Sec. 6. Be it enacted, that the court of pleas and quarter sessions, for the county of Lincoln shall be on the fourth Monday in the months of February, May, August and November annually, at the house of Brice M. Garret until a place is provided for holding the said court in the town of Fayetteville.

Sec. 11. Be it enacted, that the militia of the county shall compose the thirty-ninth Regiment and be attached to the Fifth Brigade.

Sec. 14. Be it enacted, that this act shall be in force from the first day of January, in the year one thousand eight hundred and ten.

The county thus established assumed the form of a rectangle in outline, but in 1835 a part of the territory now constituted in Marshall County was taken from the original Lincoln County, and in 1872 Moore County was created, embracing a part of Lincoln.

The first County court met Monday, February 26, 1810, at the house of Brice M. Garner, and the following men were qualified justices of the peace by Oliver Williams, Esq. of Williamson County: Thomas L. Trotter, Wright Williams, William Smith, John Whitaker, Sr. William Dickson, William Roundtree, Eli Garrett, Philip Koonce, Henry Kelso, Robert Higgins, Samuel Barns, Littleton Duty, James Stallard, Jesse Woodruff and Nathan G. Pinson. Philip Koonce was appointed chairman and Thomas H. Benton was made clerk pro tem., and entered the first minutes upon record. County officers were elected, an allowance of $1 each for wolf scalps was made, stock marks were recorded, constables were sworn in, justices were appointed to take the tax. etc. At this term 2,662 acres of taxable land were reported. Harvey Holman, Wright Williams, Littleton Duty, Eli Garrett and John Whitaler were appointed to locate the county seat. They bought 100 acres of land of Ezeckiel Norris and plated the town of Fayetteville.

At the May term William Allen was fined $3 for profane swearing, and the August term taxes laid as follows: 6 + cents on each 100 acres of land: 6 + cents on each poll {white and black}, and 12 + cents on each stallion. Ferriage rates across Elk River were established at the following: Wagon, team and driver, 50 cents; cart or other two-wheel carriage, 25 cents; man and horse, 6 + cents, footman, 6 + cents , and live stock 2 cents per head. Tavern rates were made: Good whisky per half pint, 12 + cents; good peach brandy, 12 +; good West India rum, 25 cents; good diet, 25 cents; good lodging, 6+ cents; good stableage with hay or fodder for 12 hours, 25 cents; good corn per gallon, 6+ cents. Brice M. Garner was allowed $15 for the use of his house for the holding of court, and $30 for furnishing county and record books. Jurors were allowed 50 cents each per day for service. At this term a man entered court with an ear bleeding from being bitten off in a fight. He had the incident recorded at length to avoid the imputation of having been cropped under the penal laws. The clerk charged the usual fee for recording a hog mark. At a term in 1811 two men were each fined $125 for not attending as witnesses in an important civil suit.

The county officers, so far as names and dates can be obtained, have been as follows: Sheriffs–Cornelius Slater, 1810; John Greer, 1812; Francis Porterfield, 1822, William Husband, 1826; Andrew Kincannon, 1828; Alfred Smith, 1833; William C. Blake, 1836; Constant Smith, 1840; William B. McLaughlin, 1844; E.G. Buchanan, 1847; Eli L. Hodge, 1848; James Hanks, 1852, W. M. Alexander, 1854; Moses Cruse, 1856; W. M. Alexander, 1858; Moses Cruse, 1860; William Moffett, 1862; John H. Steelman, 1864; William F. Taylor, 1866; C. S. Wilson, 1868; F. W. Keith, 1868; H. B. Morgan, 1870; W. A. Mallard, 1872; R. F. Holland, 1878; W. A. Cunningham, 1882; George W. Poindexter, 1884; Trustees– John Rhea, 1810; Ebenezer McEwen, 1816; William Neeld, 1826; Samuel E. Gilleland, 1828; E. M. Ringo, 1836; John J. Ramsay, 1838; Richard White, 1842; E. M. Ringo 1844; S. J. Isaacs, 1850; William B. Rhea, 1853; William Neeld, 1854; A. S. Randolph, 1858; William R. Smith, 1862; William P. Neeld, 1864; J. D. Scott, 1866; J. H. Carey, 1868; J. D. Scott, 1870; J. J. Cummins, 1872; H. C. Street, 1874; Henry Henderson, 1876-86. Registers– Samuel Barns, 1810; Cornelius Slater, 1816; Peter M. Ross, 1832; John Goodrich, 1836; Daniel J. Whittington, 1852; Peter Cunningham, 1860; Miles Ramsay, 1862; A. T. Nicks, 1864; A. J. Childress, 1869, P.D. Boyce, 1870; B. B. Thompson, 1874-86. Rangers– Philip Koonce, 1810-41; William T. Berry, 1843; A. H. Berry, 1848; N. O. Wallace, 1853-86. County Court Clerks– Brice M. Garner, 1810-32; Robert S. Inge 1832; F. L. Kincannon, 1832; Charles Boyles, 1836; George W. Jones, 1840; Harmon Husband, 1843; Henry Kelso, 1844; George Cunningham, 1852; E. L. Hodge, 1854; Norris Leatherwood, 1857; Daniel J. Whittington, 1858, John T. Gordon, 1864; E. P. Reynolds, 1868; John Y. Gill, 1870; P. D. Boyce, 1874; E. S. Wilson, 1882.

In 1856 J. R. Chilcoat was elected county judge, and served until the war. Afterward were elected T. J. McGarvey, 1869; J. C. Cowen, 1870; M. W. Woodard, 1873; N. P. Carter, 1874. Circuit court clerks: James Bright, 1810-36; Alfred Smith, 1836; J. R. Chilcoat, 1848; R. S. Woodard, 1868; Rane McKinney, 1870; A. B. Woodard, 1873; Theodore Harris, 1874; W. C. Morgan, 1878.

Chancery clerks and masters previous to the war were Davis Eastland, James Bright, Robert Farquharson and John Fulton served successively. Afterward were Robert Farquharson, until 1869; David Clark, 1869; A. S. Fulton, 1876; W. B. Martin, 1879. Chancellors: B. L. Bramlitt, Terry H. Cahall, B. L. Ridley, John Steele, A. S. Knox, J. W. Burton and E. D. Hancock.

The first court house built was only for temporary use, until another could be erected. It was 18×20 feet in the clear, built with round logs, and covered with a good cabin roof. It had a seat for the jury, court and a resting place for the feet of the court, all of good plank. It was built in 1811 on one corner of the Public Square, by James Fuller, for $35. The first jail was built in 1810, with logs not less than twelve inches in diameter and ten feet long. The walls, floor and loft were all of logs of the same description. In November 1811, a contract to built a new two-story brick court house on the Square, was taken by Micajah and William McElroy, for $3,995. The court afterward allowed $750 extra for the work, thus making the total cost of the building $4,745. This court house was torn down in 1873, and the present one was erected by William T. Moyers, James N. Allbright and William E. Turley, for $29,579,30. J. H. Holman, H. C. Cowan and John Y. Gill composed the committee to report the plans, specifications and estimates for the building; Theodore Harris superintended the work. The second jail that was built, was a two-story brick building, lined on the inside with logs, the logs being protected by sheet iron. It was built about the same time as the court house. The present jail was built in 1868, and by contract was to cost not more than $23,000. It is of stone.

The stone bridge across Elk River is one of the best structures of the kind in the State. It was built in 1861 at a cost of about $40,000. It is of limestone, contains six elliptical arches, and is 450 feet in its entire length. The roadway is flanked on either side by a stone wall three feet high and two feet wide.

The civil divisions of the county were first designated by the companies of militia in the respective parts of the county, i.e., the civil officers of the county were elected from the various militia companies, as they now are from the civil districts. In 1835 the county was laid off into twenty-five civil districts. The lines have been changed from time to time, but still the same number is retained. The school districts have not always coincided with the civil districts, but are now one and the same.

Among the first acts of the county was one to provide for the poor, and in 1815 a special tax was assessed for the county poor. About 1826 a poor farm was purchased and a poor house erected, the supervision of which was put under three commissioners, regularly appointed by the court. The poor are still cared for in this manner.

At different times agricultural societies have been organized, but have as often proved to be institutions of short life. This first one was organized in 1824.

In the year 1858 Fayetteville was connected with the main line of the Nashville & Chattanooga Railroad by the branch built from Decherd to Fayetteville, and in 1882 the narrow gauge road was built from Columbia to Fayetteville. The main support of these roads in the agricultural product, which in turn brings in articles of general merchandise. Pikes connect Fayetteville with Lynchburg and Shelbyville, and extend from Fayetteville for several miles in all directions.

The political cast of the county is strongly Democratic. In 1884 the vote for president and governor stood as follows: Cleveland, 2,382; Blaine, 890; Bate, 2,220; Reid 941.

Financially old Lincoln is on a strong foundation. She has first class public buildings, good general improvements, with a firm backing of a good agricultural soil. The tax for 1884 shows a total valuation of taxable property of $3.564,340; number of acres of land, 345,722, valued al $2,628,780. The State tax for 1886 is $10.192; county tax, $12,692; School tax, $16,257; road tax, $2,393; making a total tax of $41,535. These figures include the estimate on railroad and telegraph property valued at $166,890. In 1885 there was reported in the county 9,325 horses and mules, 14,090 cattle, 11,969 sheep, 42,415 hogs, 1.070 bushels barley, 213 bushels buckwheat, 1,252,919 bushels corn, 37,908 bushels oats, 1,641 bushels rye and 275,463 bushels wheat.

Upon the bench of the circuit court sat Judge Thomas Stewart to hold the first court in the county. Then came Judge Kennedy for a time, who was succeeded by Judge Edmund Dillahunty, who held for a number of years. A. J. Marchbanks was the next judge and continued on the bench until the war. Gov. Brownlow then appointed N. A. Patterson, who became the laughing stock for the lawyers who attended court. He was deficient in the organs of hearing, and very eccentric in nature. Then came W.P. Hickerson, who did not serve a full term. He resigned and was succeeded by Judge J. J. Williams, who was afterward elected to fill the term now closing. For many years Erwin J. Frierson was the attorney-general, and he was superseded in turn by A F. Goff, James H. Thomas, Joseph Carter, George J. Stubblefield, J. H. Holman, J. D. Tillman and A. B. Woodard, the present incumbent of the office. The court in early days was engaged mainly in trying petty offenses, and not until 1825 was there a sentence of death pronounced. Duncan Bonds had murdered Felix Grundy, and was found guilty. He took an appeal to the Supreme Court of the State. A jury in 1828 rendered a verdict of guilty upon a charge of murder committed by a man named McClure, upon D.C. Hall. He received the sentence of death, and was hung in the spring of 1829. About 1847 a negro named Bill Moore was sentenced and hung for an attempted rape. In 1862 John George was sentenced to be hung for murdering Hosea Towry. He escaped from jail. Two years previous to this, in 1860, a negro, Alf, was hung for murdering his master, William Stevens. The whipping post and pillory often received the victims of the judge s sentence for the various offenses, and men were imprisoned for debt.

The bar of Lincoln County is one that ranks high in Tennessee. Not only are the members at present eminent and able lawyers, but from the first Lincoln County has given a home to many able men. At the first meeting of the county court was present Thomas H. Benton. He drew up the minutes of the first session of that court, and was the county s legal advocate on organization. He resided in Fayetteville for a number of years He then arose to adorn the nation s highest legislative council, of which he was a member for thirty-two years, and was truly an eminent man of America. Contemporary with him was L.P. Montgomery, widely, known as the brave Capt. Montgomery, who began the practice of law in 1810, and who fell at the battle of Horse-Shoe. In 1810 George B. Baulch, George Coalter, William White, Joseph Phillips, Marmaduke Williams, Matthew D. Wilson and Alfred Harris were permitted to practice in the county. In 1811 Eli Tolbert, Samuel Acres and Charles Manton were allowed to practice. George C. Witt and W. S. Fontine also practiced here in that year. Hon. C. C. Clay, of Huntsville, Ala. attended this court as early as 1811, as also did John McKinney and John Tolbert. Other lawyers from adjoining counties visited this court professionally, among whom were Judge Haywood, and later, Nathan Green, James Campbell, William Gilchrist, Oliver B. Hays, Lunsford M. Bramlett and Thomas M. Fletcher. Other prominent early lawyers were James Fulton, Samuel W. Carmack, Charles Boyles, William C. Kennedy, William P. Martin, William M. Inge and John H. Morgan. John H. Morgan, after a number of years in Fayetteville, moved to Memphis, thence to Mississippi, and was elected to the bench in that State. He was the father of Hon. J. B. Morgan, of Mississippi. William P. Martin moved from Fayetteville to Columbia, Tenn, and there was a judge for many years.

Kennedy also removed to Columbia, where he too was elected to the bench. He became the owner of quite a number of slaves, which he emancipated and transported to the African colony of Liberia. W. M. Inge was for many years associated in law with L. W. Carmack at Fayetteville. He served one term in Congress from the district which then included Lincoln County, and afterward made his home in Alabama.

Carmack was born in 1802; was an able and learned lawyer. In 1832 he moved to Florida, although retaining a summer home in Fayetteville. He arose to prominence in Florida, and died in 1849.

James Fulton has been styled the father of the Fayetteville. He located in Fayetteville in 1820, when twenty-two years of age. He filled one term as attorney-general in early life, but devoted his time to the prosecution of his profession rather than pursue official honors. He was an able lawyer and a highly respected citizen. His death occurred in 1856.

Previous to 1825 the following were permitted to practice law in the county: E. B. Robertson. William Kelly, Tryon Yancey, besides those above mentioned. Others were W.D. Thompson and Henry B. Ely, 1827; David Eastland, 1829; John R. Greer and Robert Inge. 1832; Andrew A. Kincannon and Elliott H. Fletcher, 1834; George W. Jones, 1839. Mr. Jones was born in 1806, and came to this county when young. He was three times elected to the Legislature. For sixteen years he was a member of Congress, and was in the Senate once. In his congressional career he received the nickname of the watch dog of the treasury . He was also a member of the Confederate Congress and of the constitutional convention of 1870. He was a very able and popular man, filling many of the county offices and taking especial pride in his county s welfare. His death occurred in 1884. He devoted no time to the practice of law, but lived almost wholly in political circles. Other prominent early attorneys of the county were Felix G. McConnell, who went to Alabama and afterward served in the United States Congress, committing suicide while a member of that body; W.T. Ross, a very able advocate; John C. Rodgers, who died young, but was an able lawyer; and Archibald Yell, who was a man of ability and temper. He and Hon. G. W. Jones once engaged in a physical combat before the county court, of which Jones was chairman. Yell threw a book at Jones, and Jones immediately returned the salute by a personal presentation with knife in hand. By the interference of other parties, no injury was done. Yell commanded a regiment in the Mexican war and was killed at the battle of Buena Vista.

The influence of W. H. Stephens, R. G. Payne, W. F. Kercheval, F. B. Fulton and J. W. Newman, has been felt at the bar. Since 1840 Robert Farquharson, who was prominent in the county, but did not give much time to law; David P. Hurley , who was a member of the bar but a short time, and Jas. M. Davidson, an able young lawyer, have held licenses to practice in these courts. Others were D.B. Cooper, who died when yet young; David W. Clark, who pursued the profession but a short time, but was an influential man; J. R. Chilcoat, who was the first county judge; Thomas Kercheval, now the mayor of Nashville; Ed E. Bearden, O. P. Bruce and Thomas B. Kercheval.

Hon, John M. Bright is the oldest member of the bar now living, and probably acquired the most prominence in political circles. He was born in Fayetteville about 1818, and has ever since made this his home. He is able as an attorney, and a prominent member of the Legislature of Tennessee before the war. In 1880 he retired from Congress, where he had served for several years. J. B. Lamb is one of the oldest and most successful attorneys of the county, and has been a member of the Legislature. He is the senior member of the law firm of Lamb & Tillman, of which Col. J. D. Tillman is the other member. He is a son of the Hon. Lewis Tillman, late of Bedford County. He was lieutenant-colonel (afterward colonel} of the Forty-first Regiment of Tennessee Infantry in the late war. J. H. Holman has been a member of the bar since 1866, and is widely known for his ability. J. H. Burnham is a good speaker, and was on the Hancock electoral ticket. He is now making the race for chancellor of this district. N. P. Carter is the county judge and a practicing lawyer. A. B. Woodard, the attorney-general, was reared in Fayetteville, the son of R. S. Woodard, who was a prominent man of the county. M. W. Woodard, also a son of R. S. Woodard, is a practicing attorney, and has been identified with public offices of the county. Joe G. Carrigan and G. W. Higgins are also able attorneys, and have both been in the Legislature. G. B. Boyles is an attorney at law, and now fills the office of recorder at Fayetteville. Others are Col. N. J, George, who was a lieutenant-colonel in Turney s First Tennessee; A. M. Solomon, an ex-member of the Legislature; R. L. Bright, S. W. Carmack, C. C. McKinney, F. P. Taylor, W. B. Lamb, John Routt and George H. Newman.

The sobriquet of The Banner County, so applied to Lincoln, appropriately represents its attitude matters. Hardly had the first few settlers begun to call this their home before Jackson s troops for the war of 1812 asked and received recruits from the county, among whom were Gen William Moore, who commanded a company; Charles McKinney, S. S. Buchanan, William B. McLaughlin, Frank Smith and others as many as fifteen altogether. These troops made Fayetteville their rendezvous, and upon starting upon the campaign they marched out 2,500 strong and crossed Elk River, near where the stone bridge now is. These men served throughout the war, participating in the battle of New Orleans. A patriotic response was again made to the call for troops in 1836. A full company, commanded by Capt.—Tipps, entered from Lynchburg , and another company was raised by Capt. George A. Wilson, but was not mustered into service. However, Capt. Wilson raised a spy company of about fifty men and entered the service. The following are remembered as members of this company: Augustus Steed. Lieutenant; W. H. Bright, bugleman; William Robertson, David F. Robertson, Henderson Robertson, C. B. Rodgers and Oliver Garland. These were from Fayetteville and the immediate vicinity, while many from the various parts of the county also enlisted in this company, as well as in that of Capt. Tipps. By the act organizing the county the militia of Lincoln was made the Thirty-ninth Regiment and was attached to the Fifth Brigade. For many years the militia musters were largely attended, and amusements invariably attended them.

In the spring of 1846 a company of eighty-three men, known as the Lincoln Guards, was raised at Fayetteville for the Mexican war . It was officered as follows: Captain, Pryor Buchanan; first lieutenant, A. S. Fulton; second lieutenant, John V. Moyers; third lieutenant, C. A. McDaniel; orderly sergeant, William T. Slater. The company left Fayetteville March 31, 1846, and participated in the battle of Monterey, where several members were killed.

Early in the spring of 1861, and after the fall of Fort Sumter, and the call of President Lincoln for troops from Tennessee, war was the only thing discussed in Lincoln County. Old gray haired men, devoted wives, sisters and mothers talked of war until the whole atmosphere was full of it. Children after listening to the discussions and imagining that they could almost see the blood flow were afraid to go to bed, and were often afflicted with nightmare. Little tow-headed boys were shouting the battle whoop from every cabin. Old saws, hoes, etc., were soon upon forge or held to the grindstone to make the large, ugly, ill-shaped bowie knives. Almost every man carried two of these knives which were to repel the invasion in the hand-to-hand conflict which was imagined to be approaching. Public meetings were almost daily occurrences and fiery speeches were long and loud. Men, women, and children, of all ages, sizes and colors, went out to these meetings and joined in the general enthusiasm. Even ladies fell into the ranks of the drilling companies- even the most refined and intelligent; willing to part with -sacrifice, if necessary- those most near and dear to them, were enthusiastic and materially aided in sending forth the grand array of volunteers.

When the question of separation was submitted to the people, Lincoln polled 2,892 votes for separation and not one for no separation. However, even before the State seceded companies were organized and war preparations were rapidly going on. The first companies raised were four, which composed a part of Turney s First Tennessee, and one of which was raised principally in what is now Moore County. The others were officered as follows: Company G- B. F. Ramsey, captain; John Shackelford, first lieutenant; F. G. Buchanan, second lieutenant; Thomas Wilson, third lieutenant; and John Thoer, orderly sergeant. Company K- N. C. Davis, captain; T. J. Sugg, first lieutenant; Joe Davidson, second lieutenant; J. B. Turney, third lieutenant; John W. Nelson, first sergeant. Company H- Jacob Cruse, captain; M. V. McLaughlin, first lieutenant; N. J. George, second lieutenant. These companies left Fayetteville April 29, 1861, for Winchester, where the regiment was organized. These companies were with Turney s First Tennessee Confederates from the first of the war to its close, being in the hottest parts of many of the great battles of the war.

The field officers of this regiment who were from this county were, upon organization J. H. Holman, lieutenant-colonel; D. W. Holman, major. Upon re-organization John Shackelford, lieutenant-colonel; M. V. McLaughlin, major. These officers were killed at Gaines Mill and their places filled by N. J. George, lieutenant-colonel, and F. G. Buchanan, major. Dr. C. B. McGuire was surgeon of the regiment and was afterward brigade surgeon.

While these companies were organizing and going forth to duty, others were also forthcoming. On May 14, 1861, four other companies left Fayetteville, and on the same day arrived at Camp Harris, in Franklin County, where they were mustered into the service of the State on the 17th of the same month by Colonel D. R. Smythe of Lincoln County. These companies were assigned to the Eighth Tennessee, under the command of Col. A. S. Fulton, of Lincoln County. Lincoln County was also represented in this regiment by W. Lawson Moore, lieutenant-colonel; Chris C. McKinney, adjutant; Dr. G. B. Lester, assistant surgeon; and David Tucker, chaplain. Company B. known as the Petersburg Sharp Shooters, was raised at Petersburg, with A.M. Hall as captain; Chris C. McKinney, first lieutenant; T. W. Bledsoe, second lieutenant; C. N. Allen, third lieutenant; and N. P. Koonce, orderly sergeant. Company C was officered as follows: Rane McKinney, captain; N. M. Bearden, first lieutenant; T. W. Raney, second lieutenant; A. M. Downing, third lieutenant; and R. D. Hardin, orderly sergeant. It was known as the Camargo Guards. Company G. Norris Creek Guards, was raised at Norris Creek with George W. Higgins, captain ; W. C. Griswell, first lieutenant; David Sullivan, second lieutenant; E. S. N. Bobo, third lieutenant; Joseph G. Carrigan, orderly sergeant. Company H. Was commanded by W. L. Moore until he was elected lieutenant-colonel, and was then officered as follows: W. J. Theash, captain; William Bonner, first lieutenant; T. H. Freeman, third lieutenant; G. W. Waggoner, first sergeant.

The Eighth Tennessee was one of the two regiments that made the almost unparalleled Cheat Mountain campaign, enduring those severe privations, marching through rain day and night, leaving the roads stained with blood from their feet, and almost starving for want of food. Without blankets or tents and with very little food, for eight days these troops were undaunted in their onward march and in their flight for life, but many took sick and died from exposure and fatigue. Two companies were raised in the western part of the county and constituted in the Thirty-second Regiment. One of them was known as the Millville Men: J. J. Finney, captain; W. P. A. George, first lieutenant; Jno. W. Wright, second lieutenant; Jno. P. McGuire, third lieutenant; David F. Hobbs, first sergeant. The other was the Swan Creek Guards: C. G. Tucker, captain; John Roach, first lieutenant; J. T. Pigg, second lieutenant; H. H. Tucker, third lieutenant; J. S. Finley, first sergeant. The quartermaster of this regiment was E. S. Wilson, of this county.

Then came the organization of the Forty-first Tennessee, whose colonel was Robert Farquharson, of this county, and whose lieutenant-colonel {afterward colonel} was J. D. Tillman, now of Lincoln, then of Bedford. Lincoln furnished four companies to this regiment, viz.: One {company C} commanded by Capt. J. D. Scott, whose lieutenants were B. J. Chafin, J. R. Feeney, and Jacob Anthony, and afterward commanded by Chafin and Feeney successively; one from Mulberry {company A} commanded by W. W. James whose lieutenants were L. Leftwich, Christopher Carrigher and A. D. Johnson; one (knows as Liberty Guards) commanded by J. H. George; with the following lieutenants: William Smith, T. D. Griffis and S. A. Hopkins; and one commanded by W. B. Fonville, whose lieutenants were W. S. Bearden, A. A. Woods and E. R. Bearden. These companies left Fayetteville about the last days of September, 1861, and the regiment was organized at Camp Trousdale.

The Forty-fourth Regiment of Tennessee Volunteer Infantry was organized at Camp Trousdale in November, 1861, with C. A. McDaniel, colonel, and D. J. Noblett, assistant surgeon, from this county. It also included four companies from Lincoln; one commanded by C. A. McDaniel, who, upon being elected colonel, was superseded by T. M. Bell, and he by J. E. Spencer, with the following lieutenant, Joseph Cunningham, A. B. Rhea, and J. J. Martin; one by W. A. Rhodes, with J. H. Patterson, Jacob Van Hoozer and C. K. Moody as lieutenants; one from Shelton Creek, commanded by Capt Smith, and one from Swan Creek, commanded by Capt. Stiles.

The Forty-fourth was actively engaged in some of the fierce conflicts of the war. At Shiloh forty-two per cent of those of the regiment actually in combat were killed and wounded. Afterward this regiment and the Fifty-fifth Tennessee were consolidated, still retaining the name of the former, and embracing another company from this county, which was organized in the latter part of 1861, by W. H. Moore, and embraced in the Fifty-fifth upon the organization of that regiment. Early in 1862 another company was raised by Capt. James R. Bright, with R. B. Parks, J. L. Moore and Stephen Loyd, as lieutenants, and entered an infantry regiment of Kentucky. After the battle of Shiloh the company was reorganized with W. P. Simpson, captain, and J. B. Price, T. D. Hill and G. W. Jones, lieutenants. J. L. Moore who was second lieutenant at its first organization, afterward raised another company and entered the service.

December 21, 1861, there were twenty-one companies of infantry from Lincoln County in the service. However, this number included those raised in Moore County, which was then a part of Lincoln. The company of J. L. Moore, was probably the last full company of infantry to leave the county as a company. Recruits were added to the old commands throughout 1862-64. About September, 1862, Freeman s Battery, which was a part of Hardin s Artillery, received about fifty members from Lincoln County, only one of whom was killed in the service. A great many of Forrest s escort were from this county, probably the majority of the members. Capt. Nathan Boone was captain of the escort. Other cavalry regiments received members from the county. Wheeler s First. Tennessee Cavalry was composed of some Lincoln County boys, as was the Eleventh Tennessee Cavalry and also the Fourth Tennessee Cavalry.

Including all men in the service from first to last, Lincoln County furnished nearly 5,000 soldiers. Besides the regular companies of infantry there were several who entered war in companies from adjoining counties. This was also case with artillery men and cavalry men. At all times recruits were entering the old commands.

At the organization of Capt. Higgins company of the Eighth Tennessee, the ladies of Norris Creek and vicinity presented the boys with a beautiful large flag, the presentation being made by Miss Sallie Landess in an eloquent and stirring address. On the 25th of August, 1861, a magnificent flag was presented to the Eighth Regiment by the ladies of Lincoln County, accompanied by an inspiring address from the Hon. John M. Bright. On the flag were written in large gold letters the words, Patience, Courage, Victory. Many times did the ladies send stores of provisions, containing delicacies for the sick, clothing and all kinds of hospital and camp supplies. Much of the inspiration that enabled the troops to remain in the field with sickness, danger and deprivations, came from the encouragement received from the ladies at home.

The Federals first entered Fayetteville April 9, 1862, causing a sudden suspension of business. They withdrew after about two months stay, and again occupied the town in the spring of 1863, remaining until 1865. The court house was used as a stable for the horses a part of the time, and for the protection of troops at other times. It was surrounded by a bomb proof wall about six feet high, built of brick. The whole county was almost impoverished by the foraging armies passing to and fro. Sherman s whole army, on its march from Memphis to Chattanooga, passed through Fayetteville and crossed Elk River on the stone bridge, which, affording an excellent passage over the river, caused many of the passing armies, both Federals and Confederates, to pass through here. While Fayetteville was occupied by the Federals, business was at a standstill and many depredations were committed. When requested to do anything the citizens did not wait for time to argue points. The depredations, however, were mostly committed by Brixie s band of robbers, who in the main, claimed to be Yankees. Among the most dastardly acts, which the people suffered, was the murder of Judge J. R. Chilcoat. Afterward John Massey, a Confederate soldier, who had returned home {together with two other men named Pickett and Burrow}, was brutally murdered- riddled with bullets. Some buildings were burned county records were destroyed and, of course, property was confiscated. Guerrillas did not injure the people to any great extent.

The war over, the soldiers laid down their arms to return to their avocations of life. They found their farms in a deplorable condition. Their stock was gone, fences burned, buildings going to rack or entirely destroyed. The cost of the war to Lincoln County can hardly be estimated. However, she has now almost recovered from the effects, the hard times and desperate conflicts are remembered as in the past, and all unite in one grand army for the upbuilding of the welfare of the country.

There was a differences of opinion as to the expediency of the location of the county seat where it was located. One-hundred acres of land was obtained of Ezekiel Norris, and a town of 128 lots was platted. On September 5 and 6, a sale of lots was made, the following, among others, being purchasers: Potter & Wilson, 11; Eleanor Buchanan, 1; John Buchanan, 2; Charles Porter, 2; Francis Ross, 1; Robert Ramsey, 1; Joseph Sumner, 2; John Kelly, 2; William Whitaker, 2; Hugh Blake, 2; Joseph Commons, 2; Walter Kinnard, 2; Rice M. Garner, 2; Peter Looney, 1; Joseph Jenkens, 2; Joseph McMillan, 1; James Bright, 2; John Angel, 1; James Cochran, 1; Stephen Chinnault, 1; Jacob Van Zand, 1; The records in the register s office are not all preserved, hence, the names of all the first purchasers can not be obtained.

Among the earliest merchants were Francis Porterfield, Robert Buchanan, Robert H. McEwen, and Robert H. Dickson, all of whom were successful. Mr. Dickson also ran a tan-yard and saddlery. Ephraim Parham was the first man to obtain tavern license; John P. McConnell and Vance Greer also kept taverns in Fayetteville very early. Between 1820 and 1830 existed the following firms: General merchants–Buchanan & Porterfield. R. & W. Dickson. Mason & McEwen, Alex R. Kerr & Co., A. A. Kincannon, Akin, Bagley & Co., McEwen & Gilleland, Daniel Dwyer, H. S. Morgan, William F. Mason & Co., Thompson & Wardaw, John Thompson, Dickson & Wallace, J. H. Wallace, William Akin & Co. Grocers–Parks & Moyers, and J. G. Selph & Co. Physicians– J. B. Sanders, G. & R. Martin, William Bonner, A. C. Gillespie, Charles & J. V. McKinney, J. J. Todd. C. J. Smith and R. Stone. Besides these, James Crawford had a saw-mill, gristmill and distillery; S. A. Pugh ran a saddlery and Barclay & Ross a furniture store; E. M. Ringo was a watch-maker, Jacob Moyers a coppersmith, I. H. Wallace a shoe-maker, Weigart & Bryant and H. Worsham, tailors. C. Wilson had a bookbindery. An inn was kept by W. H. Talbot. Wool cards were run by Frost & Co., and by Johnson & Garner.

In December, 1823, Robert Dickson, Esq., was elected mayor. Vance Greer, R. H. McEwen, Chas. McKinney, Elliott Hickman, Joseph Commons and J. P. McConnell were elected aldermen; Wm. F. Mason, recorder; Vance Greer, treasurer, and Wm. Timmins, constable. In the thirties, the most prominent general merchants were Wm. Dye & Son. Napoleon Garner, Gilliland & Roseborough, Gilliland, Smith & Co., Martin & Murphy, and A. C. McEwen & Co. The physicians were J. B. Chas. McKinney, Wm. & M. C. Bonner, and Elliott Hickman. In the forties general merchandising was carried on by H. & B. Douglas, A. T. Nicks, John Goodrich, Jno. A. McPhail, S. Hart & Co. R. H. C. Bagley. Fulghum & Short, J. S. & J. T. Webb, Morgan & Neil, A. B. Shull, H. C. Holman & Bro., W. W. Petty, Southworth & Co., D. M. Tucker, T. C. Goodrich, W. H. Webb, Webb & Thompson, George F. Smith, B. L. Russell, Southworth, Morgan & Neil and Scott & Gray. Rane McKinney and Deimer & Hampton were druggists. Webb & Smith had a book store.

In the fifties, Wright & Trantham, T. C. Goodrich, Wright & Ransom, Thomson & Buchanan, Goodrich, Buchanan & Beavers, W. D.& S. M. Ewing and Russell & Tucker were general merchants. Fletcher & Stogner were produce dealers. Groceries were kept by all the general merchants. Scott & Gray were merchants tailors and furnishers. The first carriage manufactory ever established was by Raboteau, Hobbs, & Walker. C. S. Wilson kept a livery stable and Chilcoat & Edmonson a tavern. Diemer & Hampton were druggists.

In the sixties after the halt caused by the war had place to business, general merchandising was carried on by Wright & Trantham, Newman & McLaughlin, J. C. & J. F. Goodrich, Murray & Morgan, P. T. Murray, Morgan Bros., F. W. Brown & Co. Druggist were Diemer & Miles and Smith & Blake. Grocers were Foster & Co., and Woods & Woodard. Moyers & Wilson were dealers in furniture. In the seventies business assumed wider proportions. Morgan Bros., P. T. Murray, Wright & Wright, J. C. Goodrich. T. J. Gray Co. , Smith & Miles, J. E. Caldwell, Nassauer & Hipsh, Hart & Fisher and F. W. Brown did a general mercantile trade. B. J. Chafin & Co., Bagley Bros., Bryson & Lauderdale, J. W. Barnett & Co., J. C. Goodrich, R. L. Gains & Co., W. H. Webb and W. R. Smith dealt in groceries. J. B. Hill, who had been in business for many years, and S. Heymann were jewelers. E. C. McLaughlin, J. S. Alexander and C. S. Wilson ran liveries. S. W. Brown & Co., Blake & McPhail and R. H. Ogilvie were hardware merchants. Douthet Bros. and Gray, Hatcher & Waddle were dealers in boots and shoes. J. T. Medearis ran a tan-yard.

The present business is as follows: General merchants–Wright & Wright. Nassauer & Hipsh, Kilpatrick & Co., Morgan Bros., J. A. Murray & Co., J. A. Lumpkin, J. W. Naylor & Sons, Whitaker & DeFord and T. C. Goodrich & Co. Groceries– J. C. Goodrich, Lauderdale & Rowell B. J. Chafin, Bagley Bros., E. E. Feeney, Stonebraker & Co., Bryson & Francis, J. L. McWhirter, W. K. Woodard, Blake & Rawls, Z. P. Gotcher, J. A. Bunn & Son, H. Nevill and J. W. Bennett. Hardware–Lamb & Robertson and Benedict & Warren. Drugs–W. A. Gill & Co. Smith & Miles, W. W. Christian and C. A. Diemer & Son. Jewelers–J. B. Hill, S. Heymann and A. D. Ruth. Bookstore–R.S. Bradshaw. Saloons–W. W. Alexander & Co., Eaton & Evans, Alexander & Copeland, B. J. Chafin and J. L. McWhirter. Livery stables–C. S. & R. M. Wilson and J. S. Alexander. Physicians–W. C. Bright, C.A. Diemer, C.B. McGuire, R. E. Christian and W. W. Christian. Grain merchants– Holman & Woods and Bruce & Cowen. General produce– C. Bonds and Caldwell & Scott. Furniture and undertaking– J. B. Wilson and J. A. Formwalt. The leading hotel is the Petty House. Others are kept by Sanford Prosser, S. G. McElroy, Mrs. A. Johnson, and T. S. King has a restaurant. Bearden & Thomas have a flouring-mill, J. L. Waggoner a planing-mill, and L. Peach runs a stone, saw and marble works. J. L. Vaughn manufactures carriages and buggies.

The first newspaper in Fayetteville was the Fayetteville Correspondent, edited and published by David Augustine Hays; only a few numbers were issued. The Village Messenger was then published from March 11, 1823 to July 18, 1828, by Ebenezer Hill. In 1829 the Western Cabinet was commenced by Ebenezer Hill and John H. Laird. Mr. Hill published one volume of Haywood s reports in his office. He published Hill s Almanac for a great many years, making it a part of the standard literature of southern Tennessee and northen Alabama. As early as 1833 the Independent Yeoman was published by Joe B. Hill, afterward by Joe B. & E. Hill. Then it was purchased by W. L. & A. H. Berry, and published as the Lincoln Journal, from 1840 to 1848, at which time C. A. French, became the editor ans publisher, continuing it until the war. In 1840 a Whig paper, the Signal, was started and issued but a few numbers. After the war the Lincoln County News was started by Ebenezer Hill, Jr., and continued by W. P. Tolley for some years. The Fayetteville Express was established in 1873 by S. H. McCord, was afterward published by McCord & Lloyd, and is now by Lloyd & Blake. The Fayetteville Observer was established in 1850, stood the war stroke, and continues to be a thriving paper, edited and published by N. O. Wallace.

The Lincoln Savings Bank was established in 1870 with a capital of $100.000, did a seemingly good business, but suspended in 1884, jarring the financial status of the whole county considerably. The First National Bank was organized in June, 1873, with a capital stock of $60.000. Its first president was Hon. George W. Jones. Its present president is Dr. C. B. McGuire; its cashier, J. R. Feeney.

As early as the year 1824 a Masonic Lodge was established but existed only a few years. Jackson Lodge, No. 68, F. & A. M. Was chartered October 9, 1828, and now has a membership of over 40. Calhoun Lodge, No. 26, I. O. O. F., was chartered April 6, 1846, and now has nearly 30 members. Fayetteville Lodge, No. 181, K. Of H., was established April 1, 1875, and has a membership at present of nearly 65. Protection Lodge, No. 8. A. O. U. W., began its existence from charter dated May 2, 1877. Jewel Lodge. No. 59, K. & L. Of H. Was established April 1, 1879, and has about 60 members. There are five church edifices in the town, owned respectively by the Cumberland Presbyterians, Presbyterians, Methodist Episcopal Church South, Christians and the Protestant Episcopalians. The Missionary Baptists have an organization but no building. There are four churches for the colored people of the following denominations: African Methodist Episcopal, Primitive Baptist, Missionary Baptist and the Cumberland Presbyterian.

About 1815 George L. Leonard settled where Petersburg now is and cleared up the land there. He put up a cotton-gin, and afterward began the first mercantile trade of the place by selling small articles of merchandise, such as thread, etc. Porterfield & Akin established a small store in 1828, and Wm. DeWoody conducted their business. In 1833 they were superseded by Rowlett & Hill, and soon others followed. Holman & Loyd, Jones & Yowell, Rives & Hayes and Stone & Reese were merchants before 1840 and all did a large business. Then came a lull in the business tide of Petersburg instil the war; however, Metcalfe & Son did a good business during this time, as also did Wynus, Blake & Co., Smith, Blake & Co. And Fonville & Bledsoe. Since the war the principal merchants have been W. J. Hamilton, P. B. Marsh & Son, Fogleman & Cummings and Hall & Hamilton, together with the present business firms. General merchants– G. A. Jarvis, Cummings & Bledsoe and B. S. Popflanus, grocers–E.M. Crawford and L. L. Rebman; W. R. Hanaway, undertaker and furniture dealer; Rives & Christopher, saddlers and harness-makers; saloons–J. W. King & Co., F. S. Cummings & Co. And Pack & Byrd; blacksmiths–Alex Lancaster and George Morrison. J. C. Montgomery has a large frame flouring-mill, and Dwiggins & Co. Are erecting a fine brick mill. Gillespie Bros. Do a livery business.

The secret societies are Unity Lodge, No. 84 I. O. O. F., which has a membership of twenty; Petersburg Lodge, No. 123, was organized in 1846, and for many years was very strong, but now has only a weak organization; Petersburg Lodge, No. 607, K. Of H., has a membership of thirteen, and was organized in 1877. Petersburg has a good school, and five churches of the following denominations: Methodist Episcopal South, Presbyterian Cumberland Presbyterian, Missionary Baptist and Christian. It is a chartered town, but by some the charter is considered a burden. It is situated on the Duck River Valley Railroad, twelve miles from Fayetteville.

Mulberry began to exist as a village about 1840. Among the merchants that have transacted business there were Booker Shapard, Drury Conley, Abner Brady, R. N. Whitaker, W. W. James & Co., Hoots & Logan and J. & W. H. Reese, previous to the war. Since the resumption of business after the war have been W. W. James & Co., W. L. Shofner, R. A. & J. H. Reese, Whitaker & Yates, E. S. Terry and J. G. Reese, the last two of whom are now in business. Several family groceries, etc., have existed from time to time. The Mulberry Academy began about 1830, and has become a noted school. There was once a male and female academy, but it is now known as the Mulberry Male and Female Academy. There in one Missionary Baptist Church, one Cumberland Presbyterian Church, one Methodist Episcopal Church South and one Christian Church. Physicians are G. W. Jones, A. R. Shadden and S. Dance. Mulberry Lodge, No. 404. F. & A. M., was organized in 1870, and is in a prosperous condition. It had twelve charter members. Mulberry Lodge, No. 148, was chartered in 1871 and has only a very weak organization. The Good Templars have a lodge of about ninety members. There are two good mills near by. In the village are two blacksmith shops, two wood-work shops and a cabinet-maker and undertaker.

Boonshill was one of the first postoffices established in the county. Previous to the war Wood & Daniel, Hudson & Horton and Sumner & Ewing were merchants there. Since the war have been Buchanan & White, E. S. Wilson & Co., Swinebroad & Co., Templeton & Son and H. D. Smith, the present merchants. Physicians have been Dr. John Wood, Dr. Dunlap, Dr. Porter, Dr. Parks and Dr. Sumner. Stephen Hightown first settled where Millville now is. Stone & Baird were the first merchants; others were Frank McLane, Sam Isaacs, Thomas McLaurine, McGuin & Son, McGuire & Franklin, Ezell & Hudspeth. Since the war have been Ezell & McGuire, F. L. Ezell, Ally Smith and Finney & Son. Dr. C. B. McGuire practiced medicine there from 1847 to 1859; others have been Dr. M. P. Forehand and Dr. G. W. McGuire.

Dellrose was first known as Roosterville. Hog Bruce was the founder and first merchant. It has only been a village since 1867. D. C. Sherrill & Co. Are now doing business there. These is a good school. Dr. B. S. Stone is the physician of the place. Molino postoffice was established in 1849, by D. C. Hall, the first postmaster and merchant. Since the war, merchants have been Robert Stewart, James W. Rawls, Joe Montgomery and J. H. Dale & Co. J. W. Rawls was a blacksmith, and John Hays the present one. It has a Missionary Baptist Church there, and is located in a good locality. Howell is a small station on the narrow-gauge railroad, seven miles from Fayetteville. It was first known as Renfroe Station. Harris Bros, and George Bros, are merchants. It has a good railroad depot and a Cumberland Presbyterian Church. Oak Hill is a village nine miles north of Fayetteville. The postoffice is Norris Creek. H. L. Cole and James Bell are merchants. It has a good school, a Cumberland Presbyterian Church and a Missionary Baptist Church. There is also a Masonic lodge of thirty-eight members-Mount Hebron, No. 344, and a weak lodge I. O. O. F.- Oak Hill, No. 39. A pike connects Oak Hill with Fayetteville. Stonesborough is a chartered town and consist of a distillery owned by Stone & Thomas, and a store and saloon owned by Stone & Patterson. W. J. Landers has a tan-yard between this place and Oak Hill. Chestnut Ridge is also in the north part of the county. J. N. Stallings is a merchant. James Freeman a blacksmith, and Wash. Gilbert a wagon-maker. Chestnut Ridge Lodge No. 499, F. & A. M., has about fifteen members, and Chestnut Ridge Lodge, No. 157, I. O. O. F., has nearly fifty members. There is a church near by.

Booneville, received its name from Capt. Nathan Boone. Musgraves and Shofner, and J. E. Reese are merchants. It is about three miles from Mulberry Village. Blanche was first known by postoffice as Pleasant Plains. Samuel Parker was the first postmaster, and W. W. Petty the first merchant in 1849. It began to assume the proportions of a village after the war, and is now a pleasant and thriving little town. Dr. J. C. Coasts is the merchant and physician. There is located here Pleasant Plains Lodge, No. 305, F. & A. M. , and a church. There are several county stores near by.

Smithland was known as George s Store until 1884. At first the postoffice was on the north side of Elk River, having been established about 1840. It was moved to Arnold s grocery about 1850, and there Smithland has been built. This was a notorious fighting place. Taylor & McLaughlin and R. Smith are the present merchants. An I. O. O. F. Lodge, Sereno No. 195, is located at Smithland.

Camargo was established in 1849 and was a flourishing village prior to the war. John Caughran was the first merchant. Others have been Nicks & Webb, J. N. & W. A. Stallings, Wm. Ashworth, Samuel Dehaven and J. A. Corn.

Lincoln is settled mainly by northern people who went to that place after the war. J. F. Montgomery, J. R. McCown, J. E. Ramsey and J. C. McClellan have been merchants there. In 1887 ____ Crosby started a small spinning Factory at Oregon. In 1839 it was bought by Henry Warren, was afterward operated by H. & T. K. Warren, and is now operated by Henry Warren & Son. This factory has about 1,000 spindles, a cotton-gin and a flouring and grist-mill attached, being an investment of about $20,000 capital. Oregon is three and once-half miles from Flintville, its shipping point. It has a Cumberland Presbyterian Church.

Elora was formerly known as Baxter Station, and only dates its beginning since the building of the Fayetteville & Decherd Branch Railroad. It is in the southeast corner of one now existing from Fayetteville to Decherd. J. B. Hamilton and W. M. Parker & Co. Are the merchants.

Flintville, twelve miles from Fayetteville, on the Nashville & Chattanooga Railroad, has sprung into existence since the building of that road. The first merchants were Cunningham & Myrick; J. A. Grills was the first blacksmith; Peter Cunningham put a grist-mill, and then he and L. P. Myrick engaged in distilling. The town was all destroyed by the Federals the time of the war. Since the war merchandising has been carried on by D. M. & J. C. Mimms & Knowles, D. M. Mimms, Kilpatrick & Co., Merrit & Golden (saloon), Chas. Kelley, D. M. & W. G. Mimms, Richard Routt, A. Smith, Peter Cunningham, Brady & Hall, Henry Warren & Son, and Chick & Eslick. J. W. Cooper & J. J. Coston have been blacksmiths and wagon-makers, and Joseph Richardson, a saddler; E. J. Cambron is a carriage and cabinet-maker; Tolley, Eaton and Sims have run distilleries, and Copeland & Co. Now have a large distillery. They also have a good mill. John Young also has a mill. Surprise Lodge, No. 153, I. O. O. F., is located there with sixteen members. There are four church organizations at Flintville.

Kelso s first merchant was A. S. Fulton. Subsequent merchants have been hill Southworth, D. M. Eslick and Jenkens McKinney. Present merchants are J. A. Taylor, G. D. Wicks and M. S. Eslick. Kelso Lodge, No. 490, F. & A. M., and Kelso Lodge No. 172, I. O. O. F., are located there, and also a Cumberland Presbyterian Church is at Kelso.

The attention of the early pioneers was required by almost everything before it was given to means of educating the children. This most important subject was not long entirely neglected, for those who had sufficient education taught short terms of school at the different private residences early in the teens. After a time, by agreement, the settlers would meet to build a schoolhouse in the different localities. These buildings were of logs, with a door in one end and a fire-place in the other, not all of them had fire-places, and those that them generally allowed the escape of the smoke through a large hole in the roof, there being no chimneys to them. This was the condition of the schoolhouses even through the twenties. The seats were made of poles split open, supported on legs about three feet long, and with the flat side up. Light was admitted through an aperture made by leaving out one log along the sides of the building. A bench or plank for writing was supported on pins driven in the log just beneath the window. The roofs of these primitive institutions of learning were of boards held to their place by weight poles. Each pupil took whatever book he could find. Some studied the Life of Washington, others the Life of Marion, and a few would take a Clarion {the paper then published at Nashville} to school, and learn from that. These were pay-schools, the tuition being from 75 cents to $1 per pupil for one month. Various were the rules and requirements of these schools. Each teacher had new rules. An invariable custom was to make the teacher treat or take a duckin on Christmas and at the close of school. If a mischievous boy passing the schoolhouse desired to be chased at a lively rate it was only necessary for him to yell out school butter, when the teacher would say to his pupils: Take him in, boys. Reading and writing were the main branches taught, and arithmetic was sometimes taught. Pupils recited one at a time. They were by most teachers allowed to seek the out-door, pure atmosphere in fair weather to prepare their lessons. Prior to 1820 {probably as early as 1815} the Fayette Academy was established. This was a county academy, and derived its support from a State fund. The building became untenable about 1854, and the new building just then erected by the Cumberland Presbyterian Church was to be used by Milton College, which did not materialize, was purchased, and Fayette Academy continued for some years, and then sold the building to the county school commissioners.

The Fayetteville Female Collegiate Institute began its existence almost as early as the Fayetteville Academy. The land was donated by James Bright. This institution is under the control of a company and board of trustees. The building first used was torn down in 1884 to give place to the present splendid brick building. The enrollment for the past year was about 220 pupils. Although it, by name, is known as a female school, both sexes are admitted.

The Mulberry Female Academy was established in 1830 and existed as such until 1869, when it was consolidated with the Mulberry Male Academy, and since the institution thus formed, has prospered under the name of the Mulberry Male and Female Academy. The Mulberry Male Academy was formed and put in working order in 1844.

Viney Grove Academy was founded by the Rev. Henry Bryson and conducted with great success by him for many years. This once ranked with the standard educational institutions of the South, but it has died away. It was five miles west of Fayetteville. Boonshill Academy has existed since before the war. The building is a nice brick house, and good schools are taught there.

The Petersburg Masonic Academy was founded by that fraternity in 1858 and is taught in the lowest story of the brick Masonic Hall at Petersburg. Oak Hill Institute flourished from 1865 to 1880 with considerable success. The building is frame. Nixon Springs Academy, near Smithland, was a good institution from 1875 to 1880. Hopewell Academy at Lincoln was endowed by the United Presbyterian Church and is a well-conducted school. Greenwood Academy, between Mulberry and Booneville, was established in the fifties, and has a brick building. Cane Creek Academy, at Howell, also has a brick building and is comparatively a new institution.

The public school of Lincoln County are gaining is favor, but are yet in their infancy. There are eighty-two public school in the county for white, and thirty-one for colored people. There are but eighty-four public school buildings, but school is taught in other buildings. The buildings are as follows: Stone and brick, 3; frame, 47; log, 34; total, 84. Value of school buildings is estimated at $23,460. And the value of apparatus, etc., at $1,570. The scholastic population of the county for this year is 9,912, and the amount of school fund, at $1.75, per capita, is $17.346.

As in all new countries, the first settlers of this section were more accustomed to the sound of the hunting horn and chasing hound than to pulpit oratory on the Sabbath. However, many good Christian people were among the first pioneers, and they established Scripture readings, and even preached sermons at the different private residences. Early services were held in the court house, and not unfrequently did people assemble at some designated place in the woods to hear a sermon.

In 1811 the earthquake shock which was so sensible felt here was by many regarded as the approach of the Last Great Day, and consequently many accessions to the Christian flock were made. For a considerable time big meetings were held, and a great revival was experienced, but after a time the lull in the tide came, the spirit of the meetings died down. Yet there was a good work being done by some of the good Christian people. As early as 1808 a church was organized at the Forks of Mulberry, and it is a Primitive Baptist organization. Hardy Holman was the first pastor. In about 1812 the Shiloh congregation was organized by the same denomination. Other churches of this {the Primitive or old-school Baptist} denomination, are Concord, which was organized prior to 1820; Mount Olivet, probably organized in the twenties; New Hope, a small congregation, but an old one; Kelly Creek, which began existence in the forties. Pleasant Grove; Rocky Point; Bethel; and Buckeye, which was organized as late as 1866 with a membership of nineteen and now has 165 members. Nearly all of these churches are in a good condition and prospering.

In the fall of 1812 the Presbyterian Church of Fayetteville was organized with the Rev. John Gillespie as pastor. The first elders were David Turner, Andrew Hannah, Francis Patton, John Armstrong and Ebenezer McEwen. Private members were Peggy Hannah, Mrs. Armstrong, Mrs. Patton, Mrs. Turner, Peggie Gillespie, Mary McEwen, Elizabeth Ferguson, John B. Alexander and Barbara Alexander. Subsequent pastors of this church have been John R. Bain, James McLinn, Amzi Bradshaw, E. McMillan, M. M. Marshall, W. C. Dunlap, D.D., George Hall, A. D. McClure, J. H. Bryson, W. H. Groves and R. M. DuBose. The present membership is 105. First worship was in the court house; afterward an edifice was built, which was destroyed by a storm in 1851, and then the present one was erected. Other Presbyterian Churches of the county are: Unity, eight miles from Fayetteville, organized about 1829, and now having a membership of about forty; Petersburg, organized May 5, 186,. And now having about forty members; Swan Creek , organized as early as 1830, now having a membership of fifty; and Young s Chapel, with a membership of twenty-five, and having existed only since 1870. One other church, by the name of Old Unity, once existed, but is now extinct.

Bethel Church of the Associate Reformed Presbyterian denomination was organized 1830 by Rev. H. Bryson, who continued as its pastor until his death in 1874, and was superseded by Rev. A. S. Sloan, the present pastor. There are three other churches in the county of that denomination known as the New Hope, Prosperity and Pleasant Plains.

Early in 1829 a camp-meeting was held near Fayetteville by distant workers in the Cumberland Presbyterian Church. Great success blessed this meeting and an organization of the Cumberland Presbyterian Church of Fayetteville was accomplished the same year. Rev. S. M. Cowan was the first pastor, continuing many years, and under him the church multiplied in numbers and strengthened in good work. Subsequent ministers have been Herschel S. Porter, W. D. Chaddick, D. D. , Stokely Chaddick, S. M. Cowen, again M. B. DeWitt, ____McElree, Nat Powers, C. P. Duvall, ____ McDonald and J. S. Weaver. Among the first members were Benjamin Clements and wife, William Norris and wife, Benjamin Wear and wife, S. O. Griffs and wife, George Stonebraker and wife, Jacob Stonebraker and wife and Dr. Charles McKinney and wife.

Cane Creek Cumberland Presbyterian Church was organized in 1817 by Rev. R. Donel, and now has 138 members. J. B. Tiger has been its pastor for twenty-five years, and in its seventy years of existence the church has never been without a pastor, although but five men have served as pastors. There are thirteen other Cumberland Presbyterian Churches in the county, viz.: Mulberry, with a membership of about 50; Mount Zion, organized by Rev. D. Tucker about eight years ago; Hebron, an old church with about 125 members; New Unity, with 100 members; Petersburg, with about 70 members; New Salem, and old church, with a membership of about 75; Pisgah, organized about 1856, and now having about 40 members; Liberty, organized about 1878, present membership about 50; Sulphur Spring, with 75 members, built and supported by Henry Warren for his factory hands; Moore s Chapel, a young congregation of about 100; Elkton, a small congregation; Flintville, a new congregation with a small membership; and New Lebanon, about twelve years old and having a large membership.

The Methodist Episcopal Church of Fayetteville was organized prior to 1829. Rev. Joshua Kilpatrick was its pastor that year. Present membership is 162. The present church building was erected about 1846. The other Methodist Episcopal Churches South and their approximate memberships are follows: Shady Grove, 100; Lloyd s Chapel, 75; Providence, Beech Grove, Union and Boonville, 331; Petersburg, __; Macedonia, Hermon, Flintville and Liberty, 350; Medium and Moore Chapel, 263; Mulberry, 90; Shiloh, 100; Dellrose, __; Blanche, Smith s Chapel, Shiloh and Ebenezer, __; and New Bethel, a new organization. This denominations is in a prosperous condition.

The Christians have nine organizations. They are as follows: Fayetteville, which was organized in 1865 and now has a membership of about 75; Gun Spring, Philadelphia, Friendship, Chestnut Ridge, Mulberry, Antioch, one on Lane s Branch, and one at McAlister s chair factory.

The Hard Shell Baptist have small congregations–Mount Carmel and Sulphur Springs.

The Protestant Episcopal Church of Fayetteville is the only one of that denomination in the county. It was organized in 1882 and in 1883 was built the elegant little stone edifice which is used for worship.

The first organization of the United Presbyterian Church in Tennessee was Lebanon Church in this county. It was organized September 15, 1865, by Rev. A. S. Montgomery. The church building cost about $2,000 and the present membership is 145. Other organizations of that name are Hopewell and Pisgah.

The Missionary Baptists also have a number of congregations in the county. They have an organization at Fayetteville, but no church house.


Family will ensure that he has the happiest birthday ever…

this year. The tenth of the month marked his birthday party. He will be 80 years of age on his birthday on December 14, 2011. To make the birthday just a little more special for the family, we say this is your life, Alfred Franklin Farris. May you and your family of relatives far and wide enjoy this little walk down memory lane.

Alfred Farris: Dad’s Videos by Michelle Farris:

Video to Celebrate Dad’s 80th Birthday

Video of our childhood – celebrating Alfred Farris’ 80th birthday

Alfred Franklin Farris was born 14 December 1931. His parents were Franklin Cook “Frank”  and Hester Gertrude Wright Farris who lived at Margerum in Colbert County, Alabama. Frank and Hester Farris’ first child died at birth in 1928. A second child, Carroll Eugene “Gene” Farris, was born in 1930; he died in 5 October 2011. Alfred married Wanda Thompson in 1964 and to them four children were born: Michelle, Suzanne, David, and Scot.

The parents of Frank Farris were James Barton “Bart” Farris And Mary E Pounders who was sometimes called “Sis” but whose name was listed as Molly Pounders on daughter Ennis Bell McBroom’s death certificate. Bart Farris was born  24 Aug 1844 in Newworton, Tishomingo, Mississippi. He died  4 Feb 1931 in Colbert, Alabama at Allsboro and is buried at Morris Hill Cemetery. Bart and Mary Pounders Farris’ children were: Ida M Harris Worsham 1873 – 1936, Franklin Cook “Frank” Farris 1875 – 1954, Charlie Williams Farris 1880 – 1954 and Ennis Bell Farris McBroom 1882 – 1949.

Bart Farris served in the War Between the States.  James Barton Farris joined the 7th Alabama Regiment  of Infantry, serving in Company H at age 16. He later joined the 10th Tennessee Infantry and served in Company H. He was captured and became a prisoner of war.

There is a record of a J B Farris of the 5th Texas, Company C, prisoner of war at Ft McHenry that escaped and was recaptured in 1863. They could only hold for two months! This record is Film Number M227 roll 11 at the National Archives. This is for record only and likely is not our Bart Farris.

He fought in the battles of Franklin and Nashville, and on Hood’s retreat when he was captured by the enemy and taken prisoner. Alfred believes that he was taken to Rock Island Illinois and was then moved to another prison where he survived smallpox. Alabama, Confederate Pension and Service Records, 1862-1947  for James B Farris, Record #6561, give the information that he was in Company F and H in Morllund’s Regiment. He first registered as Bart Farris when joining Morland’s Battalion of Roddy’s Alabama Cavalry.

 The 7th Alabama Infantry was organized at Pensacola Florida, 18 May 1861, with 8 infantry and 2 mounted companies. It was composed of companies that had rendezvoused at that place from the counties of Autauga, Barbour, Butler, Calhoun, Chambers, Cherokee, Dallas, Jackson, Lauderdale, Madison, Montgomery, Pike, and Wilcox. It remained on duty there until November when it was ordered to Chattanooga, and then a month later, it was sent to Bowling Green. It was in a temporary brigade under Col. S. A. M. Wood, and it fell back with the army to Corinth. The time of service of most of the companies expired after 12 months during the first week in April, 1862, and the regiment disbanded. However, the two mounted companies from Autauga and Lauderdale retained their organization and fought at Shiloh, as did other men from the regiment. The mounted companies then became part of the 3rd Alabama Cavalry, and the majority of the remaining men and officers joined other organizations.The field and staff officers: Col. Sterling A. M. Wood (Lauderdale; promoted); Lt. Col. John G. Coltart (Madison); Major Alfred A. Russell (Jackson); and Adjutants Simeon Dean (Chambers; promoted); S. A. McClung (Madison; transferred to Gen’l Wood’s staff).There does not seem to be a roster for Company H. But a few names of the soldiers were located as follows: Private M.  Busby, Private S Cockrell, Private H Collier, Private William Collier, Private J L Davenport, Private Thomas H Gammon who served in both Companies H and K, Private George W Garmany, Privates T H Gowan and William H Gowan served in both companies H and K, Private John L Handley, Farrier Doctor H Hann, Private W H Hardy, Private J R Horton, Private F W Killingworth, Private S M McCluny, Captain William W McMiller, Private J C Miller, Private R R Moore, Private G M Moran, Private T J Pollard, and Private T J Pope.

No record was found yet of him serving in the 10th Tennessee Regiment of Infantry; that fact, however, does not mean that he did not serve. Some, if not most, confederate records were destroyed. The 10th Regiment of Tennessee Infantry organized at Fort Henry, May, 1861; Confederate service September 1, 1861; reorganized October 2, 1862; merged into 4th Consolidated Tennessee Infantry Regiment April, 1865; paroled at Greensboro, North Carolina, May 1, 1865.

Back to him serving in Captain Morllund’s Regiment. This was Moreland’s battalion of Alabama Cavalry that was included in Roddey’s brigade and was in north Alabama and Tennessee during the greater part of the winter and spring of 1863-64, serving for a time in Hannon’s brigade. It fought at Tishomingo creek, June, 1864, and was attached to General Maury’s army, serving in central and northern Alabama. It was paroled at Iuka, May 18, 1865.

Extracts From Official War Records

No. 52–(595) Mentioned by Gen. E. A. Carr (Union), Corinth, September 13, 1863. Left in valley on Roddey’s departure. No. 54–(38) Mentioned by General Ferguson near Courtland, Ala., October 31, 1863. (603) Mentioned by Colonel Rowett (Union), Pulaski, Tenn., December 18th. Report of skirmish on Shoal creek, December 12th.
No. 55–(664) Col. M.D. Moreland, Roddey’s brigade, Wheeler’s corps, detached, November 20, 1863.
No. 56–(92) Mentioned by Gen. J. D. Stevenson, Corinth, November 8, 1863. (619, 806, 888) In Roddey’s brigade, Wheeler’s corps, October to December, 1863. No. 58—(590) In Roddey’s brigade, Wheeler’s corps, January so, 1864.
No. 59–(429) Mentioned by Colonel Rowett, Bailey’s Springs, April 18, 1864. (735) Mentioned, March 26th, as being near Moulton.
No. 77–(231) One killed, 5 wounded, at battle of Tishomingo Creek, June 10, 1864. (345) Reconnoissance near Tupelo, July 14th.
No. 79–(817) Mentioned by General Forrest, October 12, 1864. No. 93–(1233) In Roddey’s brigade, district of North Alabama, November 20th
No. 94–(634) In Roddey’s brigade, North Alabama, December 1st.
No. 99–(1150) Mentioned by Maj. John G. Devereux, February 10, 1865, as having belonged to Hannon’s original command.
No. 104–(830) Paroled at Iuka, May 18, 1865.

4th (Roddy’s) Cavalry Regiment was organized at Tuscumbia, Alabama, in October, 1862, and moved to Tennessee where it wintered. The men were from Franklin, Lauderdale, Lawrence, and Walker counties. During the next spring it was sent to Northern Alabama, assigned to General Roddey’s Brigade, then took an active part in raiding and attacking the Federals. In April, 1864, the regiment was transferred to the Department of Alabama, Mississippi, and East Louisiana. After fighting at Brice’s Cross Roads it saw action in various conflicts from Montevallo to Selma where on April 2, 1865, most of the unit was captured. The remaining part surrendered at Pond Spring. Its commanders were Colonels William A. Johnson and Phillip Dale Roddey, Lieutenant Colonel E.M. Windes, and Majors R.W. Johnson and John E. Newsom.

Bart Farris likely resided on the Alabama and Mississippi state lines; by 1907 his residence was given as Colbert County, Alabama. A photo exists of his old home place which was situated on a hill.

Bart Farris’ father was John L Farris who was born  1819 in Warren County, Tennessee. His death occurred Feb 1880 in McNairy, Tennessee by some accounts; or at  Allsboro, Colbert County, Alabama by other accounts. Mortality schedules give this account of his death:

 J L Farris

Gender: Male
Race: White
Marital Status: Married
Place of Birth: Tennessee
Estimated Birth Year: abt 1818
Age: 62
Month of Death: Feb
Cause of Death: Pneumonia
Census Year: 1880
Census Location: (City, County, State)
Civil District 15, McNairy, Tennessee
Enumeration District: 126
Line: 9
Archive Collection Number: T655
 
Bart Farris’ mother was Elizabeth Betty Lair who was born circa 1824 in Crooked Oak, Franklin, Alabama and who died
circa 1880 in Allsboro, Colbert County, Alabama. Betty Lair and Bart Farris had the following known children: Mahalia Farris 1830 – 1913, James Barton Bart Farris 1844 – 1931, Emma Farris born 1844 , Thomas Champion Farris born 1847, Jane Farris born 1849, John Green Farris 1851 – 1936, Mary Alabama Farris 1852 – 1944, Cynthia A Farris born 1857, Cynthia A Farris born 1857, Julia E Farris born 1858, Virginia Alice Farris 1859 – 1935, Joseph E Farris circa 1859, Emma Farris circa 1861, Mahalia Lair Farris born circa 1863, and Mary E. Farris born circa 1863.
 
 John L Farris’ father was Davidson Farris born 1794 in Russell County, Virginia and who died Mar 1870 in Cripple Deer, Tishomingo, Mississippi. His mother was Elizabeth Lizzie Nunnally born 1795 in North Carolina and who died 1856 in Iuka, Tishomingo, Mississippi. Lizzie and Davidson Farris had a large family of children: Elizabeth Farris 1815 – 1852, Catherine Farris 1817 – 1905, David Farris born ca 1818, John L Farris 1819 – 1880, Matilda Farris 1820 – 1913, Margaret Farris  born ca 1822, William Champion Farris 1824 – 1900, Sarah Farris 1824 – 1880, James Monroe Farris 1825 – 1913, Sarah Farris 1827 – 1909, Louisa Farris born ca 1833, Mahala Farris 1834 – 1907, Sonia Farisborn ca 1834 and Commodore Perry Farris 1834 – 1880. The Farris family was listed in Tishomingo County, Mississippi  in 1837 when it was formed, making them early settlers to this area.
 
1837-1838 , Tishomingo County, Mississippi provide the following information:
  • Circuit Court March term 1837 Tish. Co., MS
    Monday, the 4th day of March 1837. Be it known that a circuit court began and held at the court-house in the town of Jacinto in the county of Tishomingo on the first Monday in March 1837, Proclamation being made as the manner is there was present the Honorable F.W. ______ presiding of the 8th Judicial District.
    And the Sheriff of said county _____ into open court the wit of venire Facias executed on the following to wit:
    Number 20: Davidson Farrish (and he served as a grand juror)

    Circuit Court June term 1838 Tish. Co., MS
    Davidson Faris was called to jury duty

    Circuit Court June term 1838 Tish. Co., MS
    State vs. Abner Moody et al
    Davidson Faris, Elizabeth Faris and Jacob Adin? called recognized in open court to appear as witnesses in _____ at the next term in ____ of one hundred dollars each.

    Circuit Court December 3rd term 1838 Tish. Co., MS
    Summoned to appear as a juror: Davidson Farress (he was called to serve)

The following information is gleaned from the police records in Tishomingo County, Mississippi:

  • Board of Police Tish. Co., MS for December term 1861
    It is ordered by the Board that Inspectors of Election to be held at the Several Precincts of this County for Auditor of Public Accounts on the ____ day of _____ be appointed as follows viz:
    At Cripple Deer-J.H. Robins, DAVIDSON FARIS, E.W. Harvey

Land records for Davison Farris include this record for Davidson Farris of Tishomingo County, Mississippi, purchasing 86 acres of Public Land in Alabama, subject to sale at Pontotoc, Mississippi, 22 July 1851:

 

 
Davidson Farris married a second time to Mary E Smith Coleman. Their marriage was performed 4 Feb 1857; she was the widow of John Coleman Edmondson who died in 1855. She and John Edmondson had a family of children as well, numbering eight children who are known.
 
Davidson Farris’ father was Champion T Farris who was born  1766 in Charlotte, Virginia and who died ca 1820 in Franklin County, Tennessee. His mother, Catherine Davidson, was born ca 1770 in Colony, Laurel, Kentucky or in Franklin County, Tennessee. She died ca 1802 in Russell County, Virginia. Champion Farris purchased land in Marshall County, Alabama in 1857. Catherine and Champion Farris had the following known children: Levi Kelly Farris 1785 – 1832, Thomas Farris 1786 – 1862, James Farris 1787 – 1830, Nathan Farris 1790, Davidson Farris 1794 – 1870, Major Washington Farris 1798 – 1862, Elisha Farris 1800 – 1870, William Farris born ca 1800 and Mary Farris born ca 1802.
 
Champion T Farris’ father was Elisha Farris born 1745 in Brunswick County part, Lunenburg, Virginia and who died 26 Aug 1791 in Moccasin Gap, Washington, Virginia. His mother was Mary Charlotte Vaughn who was born Apr 1749 in Charlotte County , Virginia; and who died 26 Aug 1791 in Moccasin Gap, Russell or possibly Washington County, Virginia. Elisha and Mary Charlotte were married 1 April 1765 in Charlotte County, Virginia. They had the following known children: Champion T Farris 1766 – 1820, Elisha Farris 1767 – 1840, Edward Farris born ca 1768, Mary Farris 1769 – 1791, Nancy Farris circa 1769 – 1791  and Sally Farris 1770 – 1788.
 
 
On 9 May, 1786, the first court of Russell County was held in the Castles Woods settlement at the home of William Roberson. Governor Patrick Henry issued commissions to Justices to preside. The Justices were Alexander Barnett, Henry Smith, Daniel Ward, Andrew Cowan, Samuel Ritchie, Thomas Carter, Henry Dickenson and John Thompson.
Andrew Cowan and Thomas Carter were chosen to represent the county in the General Assembly (House of Delegates).Appointed as county officers were: David Ward, Sheriff; Henry Dickenson, Clerk of Court; Samuel Ritchie and Patrick Porter, Commissioners of Revenue; Harry Smith, County Surveyor; Francis Browning, Coroner.Appointed as county militia officers were: Colonel Henry Smith, Lieutenant Colonel Andrew Cowan, Major Charles Cocke, Captains David Ward, William Thompson, William Dorton, Charles Bickley, Francis Browning, James Davidson, Samuel Ritchie, Josiah Fugate and William Martin. Lieutenants were: Alexander Barnett, John Bowen, Charles Hays, John Tate, James Osborn, Samuel Roberson, Elisha Farris,Thomas Carter, Moses Skeggs and John Van Bebber. Ensigns were: Samuel Young, John Thompson, Robert Tate, Henry Hamblin, Solomon Litton, William Byrd, Benjamin Nichalson, Joseph Johnson and William Ewing.

Soon after the first court meeting, additional Justices were added. They were: Charles Bickley, William Martin, Richard Price, Christopher Cooper, John Bowen, John Tate, James Wharton, Charles Cocke and John Frazier.

More interesting notes are from M E Farris’ notes on a gateway message board from 2006 as follows:

ELISHA FARRIS was born in 1745 in Lunenburg County, Virginia. He married Mary Charlotte Vaughn on April 1, 1765 in Charlotte County, Virginia. Mary was daughter of Thomas Vaughn. John Vaughn signed as bondsman.

Elisha and Mary had at least three daughters, one of which was named Nancy. There were most likely other children. Note the reference in the British Mercantile Claims below, that his family was living in Kentucky after he and his wife’s death in 1791. It is quite possible Elisha and Mary had at least three sons: Elisha, Jr.; Thomas; and Edward.

Elisha, Jr. and Edward could be the persons listed under the Tax list of their grandfather, James Esom Farris (1794 Tax list for Lincoln County, Kentucky).

Elisha’s HEIRS were named in an 1823 Scott County, Virginia lawsuit over his estate: Elisha (Jr?), Thomas, Sally and Nancy. These were either Elisha’s children or grandchildren. In one passage of this lawsuit the heirs are also described as CHILDREN AND HEIRS.

Some researchers also include these children: Champion, James, and Nathan. Further research is needed to identify correctly the children of Elisha and Mary.

                                        INDIAN ATTACK ON ELISHA’S TAVERN

Elisha, Mary, a daughter (Mary), and grandchild were killed during an Indian attack on Elisha’s Tavern, near Moccasin Gap (near Gate City, VA) 26 Aug 1791. Another daughter, Nineteen-year-old Nancy, was taken by the Indians, but later escaped. Gate City may have also been known as Estillville.

CONFUSION ABOUT MRS. LIVINGSTON SURVIVING THE INDIAN ATTACK

This account given 6 Apr 1794, from the calendar of VA State papers, Vol 7, page 375. follows:

Mrs. Peter Livingston with her children were taken by Captain Bench, from their home on the Holstein (Holston) River. They took them many miles. She whispered to the children to get away, as the Indians did not watch them too closely. The children did get away.

Captain Bench told her he was going to steal all of Isaac Shelby’s slaves. The Militia under Vincent Hobbs attacked and killed Bench and most of the Indians. The one guarding Mrs. Livingston hit her on the head with his “tomhawke”, but she recovered in about one hour. Hobbs scalped Bench and sent the scalp to the Governor of VA.

Note: According to research by Robbie Sue Farris Glover the “Mrs. Livingston” mentioned above was the wife of Peter Livingston; she was not a Farris daughter. Peter’s brother, Henry Livingston, was married to Mary Farris. Mary was the Livingston wife that was killed at Elisha’s home

BACKGROUND ON CAPTAIN BENGE, WHO LED RAID ON ELISHA’S TAVERN

John Benge, an Indian trader who lived among the Cherokee, was married to Wurteh who was part of an influential Cherokee family. John was previously married to Elizabeth Lewis, daughter of William Terrell Lewis and Sarah Martin. Elizabeth’s sister, Susannah, married John’s brother, Thomas Benge. John and Elizabeth had several children at their home in western North Carolina.

Apparently, John was living with Wurteh at his home with the Cherokee (probably Tuquo) and had several children born there. These were Robert, Utana “the Tail”, Lucy, and Tashliske. After Elizabeth and the Lewis family found out about John’s Cherokee family, their marriage was dissolved.

Wurteh also had a child from a man whose last name was Gist or Guess and their child became known to history as Sequoyah. Robert and Sequoyah were half brothers.

Circa 1788: John’s son, Robert Benge, was married to a Cherokee woman and settled at a site still called Benge’s Field just south of present day Trenton, GA. This was the Cherokee village called Lookout Town.

Summer of 1791: At the Cherokee town called Running Water in present day southernmost Tennessee, Robert Benge announced that he was going to start a raiding campaign against white settlers in southwestern Virginia. Five men joined him and the proceeded northward.

BENGE’S ATTACKS ON THE VIRGINIA SETTLEMENTS

August 23, 1791: Robert Benge’s group raided the William McDowell house near Moccasin Gap (Russell County, VA). Two whites were killed and an 8 year old boy and woman were captured.

August 26, 1791: A party of Indians, headed by Captain Benge of the Cherokee tribe, attacked the house of ELISHA FARRIS, two miles from Mockison (sic) Gap, murdered Mr. Farris at his house, and made prisoner Mrs. Farris and her daughter, Mrs. Livingston, and a young child together with Nancy Farris. All but the latter were cruelly murdered the first day of their captivity. (Bledsoe et al. in Summers, 1903, p 438)

Note: According to research by Robbie Sue Farris Glover, there has been confusion about the fate of Mrs. Livingston. Was she killed, or did she survive the Indian attack? The answer is, there were two Mrs. Livingstons.

The “Mrs. Livingston” mentioned above was Mary Farris Livingston, daughter of Elisha and Mary and the wife of Henry Livingston. Henry Livingston had a brother, Peter, whose wife was also involved in an Indian raid; This “Mrs. Livingston” was tomahawked, but survived the attack. (See notes on Mary Farris Livingston).

CONFLICTS REGARDING ELISHA FARRIS’S PROPERTY AFTER HIS DEATH

From the “Bristol Herald Courier,” Sunday, November 15, 1964

BACKGROUND- WILDERNESS ROAD

Some suggest that the origin of the Wilderness Road was at Fort Chiswell (Ft. Chissel) on the Great Valley Road where roads converged from Philadelphia and Richmond. Others claim the Wilderness Road actually began at Sapling Grove (now Bristol, Virginia) which lay at the extreme southern end of the Great Valley Road because it was at that point that the road narrowed, forcing travelers to abandon their wagons. It moved through the Cumberland Gap, the only real way to reach Blue Grass land in those days. These travelers, when they had some money in the complicated currency of that day when coin was weighed on scales to determine the value in different states, would buy flour to use on the way.

GEORGE ROBERTS’ MILL

George Roberts, for the first and only time in his life, was prospering. In spite of the activities of the area, the Revolutionary War was being fought. In general Southwest Virginia knew little, and cared less, about the Revolutionary War. The present day descendant who thinks great-great something or other grandpa decided the fate of the Revolutionary War from Southwest Virginia is merely displaying his own abysmal ignorance. Most of the time, there were only a handful who really knew there was a war being fought; others were too busy trying to wrest a precarious living from the savage land and the landed savages to the southeast (the Cherokees).

There was, of course, one battle-only one-in which the bobtail over mountain men made a contribution to the Revolutionary cause and that was the Battle of King’s Mountain. Many Scott county men fought in this battle, men such as Johnathon Wood, Peter Morrison, and a man already mentioned in this article, James Davidson. This was, of course, the second James Davidson. Almost exactly eight years after the Battle of King’s Mountain, on Oct. 1, 1780, Silas and Sarah Enyart sold their tract of 200 acres of land to James Davidson, Jr., (the elder James Davidson did not die until 1794), the Enyarts having moved into a smaller tract on which they had survey rights later than the Gate City tract.

By the following spring, early in the year, Silas Enyart was dead and his widow and son left the area. Their departure did not resolve the problem that had been raised over the mills of George Roberts and the land around it.

CONFLICT ON PROPERTY THAT PASSED FROM SILAS ENYARD TO JAMES DAVIDSON, WHO SOLD TO ELISHA FARRIS

Roberts had understood that he was to have had the ten acres as a gift for having established the mill and that the 40 acres surrounding the original ten would be sold him to allow him a decent tract on which his mill could operate. It must be confessed that George was a rather engaging, but worthless, scamp and he allowed the mill to fall into disrepair as soon as the Kentucky travelers began going through less frequently and, stopping as they did at the Block House of Colonel Anderson, they filled up on provisions there, not stopping at the Roberts mill for provisions.

Regardless of the quality of Roberts’ mill or his activity, he claimed to have been promised by Enyart a deed to the ten acres and a right to purchase forty more. He also claimed that when Enyart sold to Davidson and Davidson to ELISHA FARRIS on August 18, 1789, he was assured of this right. However, Farris was killed by the Indians, with several members of his family, on August 26, 1791, so it is impossible to say whether or not Farris had so promised.

Anyhow, the land eventually sold back to James Davidson, Jr., who made his “patriotic” gesture of offering the land for the courthouse to the county of Scott in 1815. The suit was filed just after the land got valuable enough to quarrel over!

LAWSUIT AGAINST HEIRS OF ELISHA FARRIS AND GEORGE EWING

An 1823 Scott Co. lawsuit (Elisha was killed in what is now Scott Co. in 1791) says Elisha’s heirs who are being sued are: Thomas, Sally, Nancy, and Elisha. Also being sued was George Ewing. I thought at first he might be a son-in-law, but I think he got the disputed land so he was probably more the subject of the suit (probably bought Elisha!s land).

Now we already know that a daughter Nancy survived the Indian attack in 1791. And we know that a daughter, Mary Livingston, was killed by those same Indians. So now we know FIVE of Elisha!s kids: Thomas, Sally, Nancy, Elisha, Jr., and Mary Livingston (died 1791). There MAY have been other children: Champion, James, and Nathan.

LEGAL DESCRIPTION OF LAND THAT WAS INVOLVED IN LAWSUIT
from Robbie Sue Farris Glover research

“This indenture made this 9th day of September in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and twenty three between John S. Martin of Scott County and State of Virginia for and on behalf of Elisha Faris, Thomas Faris, Sally Faris and Nancy Faris, heirs of Elisha Faris, deceased, non residents of the said State of the one part and George Ewing of the said County of Scott and State of Virginia of the other part, witnesseth that whereas by a decree in chancery of the worshipful the court of said county made and prounced on the 16th day of August last in a suit between the heirs of James Osborne deceased, Complainant and the heirs of Elisha Faris deceased, defts.

It was decreed that the said John S. Martin should convey the thirty acres of land in the bill mentioned with special warranty against himself and his heirs, to George Ewing, the present owner
.. as his decree his title from the complts. through purchase made by John Wood and others, the said tract containing thirty acres … by the same more or less and beginning at a iron wood sugar tree and dogwood on the south side of Moquison Creek and turning thence …. ….. poles to a stake ??? crossing the creek, thence 1015 E12 poles to a white oak thence north 46 poles to a stake on an ——- line thence with the same 1052 …. 20 poles to a white oak corner to William Howerton … land thence S s E 97 poles to two white oaks sapplings on a gravely spruce S 23′ .. 23 poles to a smal white oak in a hollow SC E 30 poles to a sugar tree walnut and white oak on the bank of the Creek William Howerton’s Spring. then up the creek and crossing the same 13 poles to the Beginning.

Now therefore I the said John S. Martin by virtue of the authority aforesaid do hereby convey to the said George Ewing the said above described of thirty acres of land be the same or more or less with its appurtenance to him the said George Ewing, his heirs and assigns forever to his and the.. only ….. us and behoof, and the said John S. Martin for himself and his heirs and by virtue of the said decree, doth hereby covenant and agree to /with the said George Ewing … his heirs that he the said John S. Martin and his heirs, the s… tract or parcel of land shall and will warrant and forever defend against himself and heirs.

In witness whereof the said John S. Martin as commission under the decree aforesaid hath hereto subscribed his name and affixed his seal the day and year first above written.
John S. Martin, Coms. SEAL

Virginia

At a Court held for Scott County the 9th day of September 1823, this indenture of bargain and sale …. John S. Martin coms’er on behalf of the heirs of Elisha Faris deceased to George Ewing was acknowledged in Court by the said Martin to be his act and deed and ordered to be recorded.
Teste John S. Martin, D.C.”

Other historical notes of interest

1 Apr 1765 Charlotte Co. VA: Marriage Bond. Jno. Vaughn, bondsman. States that Mary was the daughter of Thomas Vaughn and she signs her own consent.

1767 Tithed as Elijah, Pittsylvania Co. VA. (Elijah born 1761 in Halifax Co. VA)
16 Feb 1771 Patented 400A, Pittsylvania Co. VA, on Fly Blow creek.

9 Nov 1771 Halifax Co. VA, DB 8, p. 330: Elisha Faris boundary in deed of William Broughill & Sarah, his wife, of Antrim Parish, Halifax to John East of Camden & County of Pittsylvania, 100 acres south branch Brush Cr. Rec. 19 Mar. 1772.

12 Jan 1775 Pittsylvania Co. VA, DB 4, p. 140: Elisha Farris, Alex’r Donelson, Thomas Vaughan & John Buckley wit deed of John Clever to James Buckley, about 400 acres in Halifax Co. on Buffalo Cr. bounded by Luke Smith, March Banks. Rec. 25 May 1775.

11 Mar 1775 Pittsylvania Co. VA, DB 4, p. 345: wit deed of John Clever to Wm. Lynch.. Rec. 26 Jun 1777.

6 Feb 1777 Pittsylvania Co. VA, DB 4, p. 290: Elisha Faris (Farris) of Pittsylvania Co. to Robert (Robertson) Farguson of Pittsylvania for 65 pounds, about 100 acres bounded by Hickeys Road, Clever, Flyblow Cr., William Todd, a corner near the house, Brewes, a corner pine near the Muster Ground. Signed: Elisha Farris. Wit: Ben Lankford, John Buckley, John George, Robert (+ his mark) Bruce. Rec. 27 Feb. 1777.

8 Dec 1777 Pittsylvania Co. VA, DB 4, p. 475: John Clever of Pittsylvania Co. to Thomas Tunstall of Halifax Co., for 400 pounds, all that tract of land whereon the said John Clever now lives, containing about 465 acres, being the land that the said John Clever purchased of Elisha Faris, and bounded as by deed from the said Elisha Faris to the said John Clever is expressed. Signed: John Clever. Wit: R. Farguson, Millicent Farguson, Milli Farguson. Rec. 26 Mar. 1778.

1782 Tax Roll, Lincoln Co. VA (KY)

21 Feb 1784 Washington Co. VA – Survey, Elisha Farris 116 acres Mockison Creek. (Another researcher says a Moses Farris did this survey) Also listed on 23 Jan. 1783 is a survey for Moses Pharis, 114 acres on Moccasin Creek).

1787 Tax List Lincoln Co. VA (KY) Listed with Johnson & Cager (Micajah). This MAY have been this Elisha, who then returned to Virginia where he was killed in 1791.

1791 Edward Farris qualifies as Administrator of the estate of Elisha Farris, killed by Indians near Gate City, Virginia (Bk. 1, p. 239- Russell County).

1791 Appraisers appointed for estate (Bk 1, p. 240)

27 Sep 1791 On motion of Edward Faris, Administration is granted him on the estate of Elisha Faris, deceased, whereupon he together with Champ Faris, his security, entered into bond in the penalty of 400 pounds, as the law directs.

27 Sep 1791 Estate of Elisha transferred: 116 acres on both sides of Moccasin Creek to James Osborn. 116 acres granted unto Elisha Faris by patent date of 14 June 1787. Mentions 3 white oak north side Crabtree branch N 56 degrees W 61 poles to a white oak. “Elisha was paid 150 pounds in his lifetime.” Edward Faris signed. Filed same date (Osborn was one of the county commissioners)

August 1792 Ordered that John Tate and James Gibson settle with Edward Faris, adm. of the estate of Elisha Faris, deceased, and return account therof (Bk 2, p. 23 Law Order Books, Russell County).

1792 & 1793 “Eliche” has 200 taxable acres; 1794 No record

5 Aug 1796 Lee Co. VA, DB 1, p. 63: Edward Farris of Lincoln Co. KY, sells 200 acres in Moccasin Gap to Champion Farris of Russell Co. VA. (copy of original deed. Could this have been Elisha’s land?)

“Virginia Genealogist” Vol. 25, No. 1, 1980 – BRITISH MERCANTILE CLAIMS 1775 – 1803
The books show indebtedness in the entries as follows, for Elisha Farris, with the remarks that he had removed from Pittsylvania and Halifax Counties, VA, to “somewhere on the Clinch River, where he was killed by Indians.” Further remarks said his family was now in KY and “are probably able to pay”.

Halifax Store – 29 Jun 1773 – 2 pounds, 8 shillings, 8 pence
Halifax Store – Dec 1773 – bond at 12 pounds, 9 shillings, 6 pence.
Pittsylvania Store – 25 Dec 1773 – 12 pounds, 2 shillings
Pittsylvania Store – 1774 – 5 pounds, 3 shillings, 6 pence
17 Apr 1818 Washington Co. VA Nancy Farris married Harry Garnett

References: Tax Lists Lincoln Co. KY
ANNALS OF SOUTHWEST VIRGINIA – Summers
Published Deed Abstracts from Halifax Co. VA
VIRGINIA TAX PAYERS – Fothergill & Naugle
Photocopy of original marriage bond and consent from Charlotte Co. VA
(6/28/96-skm)

FARRIS BLOCK-HOUSE NEAR ESTILLVILLE, LOCATION OF ELISHA’S TAVERN?

Excerpt from THE VIRGINIA TOURIST, “Sketches of the Springs and Mountains of Virginia”, by Edward A. Pollard, Published by J.B. Lippincott & Co. 1870, in Philadelphia

“Five miles from Estillville, and on the road by which we approached it from Bristol, are the ruins of a block-house which protected the early settlers; and a fearful story yet clings to a spring within the limits of the village, where a family of the name of FARRIS perished under the tomahawks of the savages, their blood dying the waters of the brook.”

The passage goes on to describe a point west of this location ran the “thoroughfare through which the tribes inhabiting the Rockcastle hills, in the wilderness of Kentucky, passed to the old settlements of Virgina. Not far from here, too, was the range of the celebrated Cherokee chief, ‘Dragon Canoe,’ [should read Dragging Canoe] worthy to be ranked with Tecumseh or Osceola in courage or skill, and who suffered a defeat fatal to his tribe in 1776, at the battle of the Great Island in the Holston River.”

Note: Robbie Sue Farris Glover has located Elisha Farris’s homeplace. It is in Gate City, Virginia. A very large sign stands at the spot where Elisha Sr. was killed. It is at the corner of a Pizza Inn.

Based on the above Elisha Farris’s death, along with some of his family, occurred in Gate City, Virginia, adjacent to the present day Pizza Inn.

There were two different “Mrs. Livingstons”, one of which was a Farris daughter of Elisha who was killed, along with her parents. The other Mrs. Livingston survived her attack.

The heirs of Elisha, mentioned in 1823 Scott Co. lawsuit were listed in one passage as “children & heirs.” In addition to those children mentioned in the lawsuit there is evidence that Edward Farris may have been a son of Elisha.

After the death of the parents Edward administered Elisha’s estate. He took the younger children to Lincoln County, Kentucky where his grandfather, James Esom Farris, lived and consented (later) for Nancy to marry Nimrod Farris. The relationship as “father” to Nancy comes from a typed list that is inaccurate. The original record does not show Edward as father to Nancy Farris.

There is a close relationship between Edward, Elisha (Jr.) and Champion Farris. Robbie Sue Farris Glover maintains that Champion is a possible brother to Edward and Elisha Jr.

 
Here is another account of the Massacre at Moccasin Gap of Clinch mountain by Emory L. Hamilton:

Pendleton and McDowell, Farris and Wharton Families Killed

From the unpublished manuscript, Indian Atrocities Along the Clinch, Powell and Holston Rivers, pages 211-218.

On October 6, 1791, (1) Henry Smith, County Lieutenant of Russell Co., VA, wrote to Governor Randolph, the following:

Immediately on the receipt of your Excellency’s instruction of the 25th of April, 1791, I gave orders to the commanding officers of the companies to raise their proportion of 50 men, which I judged absolutely necessary for our defense, but not one man would serve. The approaching expected peace, to be made the last of May with the Cherokees, seemed to look with a favorable aspect on troubled country.

I, not willing to trust my own judgment called a council of officers, whereupon it was advised to be unnecessary to order any more men until it was known whether the Indians would accept the terms of peace offered them at the expected treaty. After this we remained tolerable peaceful, except some horses stolen, till about the last of August, when part of two families were killed; (Pendleton & McDowell), the week following (early September) Elisha Farris and three of his family were killed, and his daughter, a young woman, was taken prisoner. About a fortnight ago, James Wharton, Esq., and his family was killed, and a Negro taken prisoner.

In this unhappy situation I cannot raise a man in this county for its defense. No man is willing, nor, I believe, can be forced to strip his unguarded family, equally exposed to dangers, of the only help and comfort they have in himself, to defend others more distant, but less dear to his natural feelings.

A very considerable part of the country is at this time, instead of taking up arms to defend themselves, employed in moving their families to the interior parts of the country, out of reach of savage cruelty…

In the foregoing letter Colonel Smith points up the understandable reluctance of the settlers to abandon their own families to serve in the militia as common defenders of all. Undoubtedly the killings mentioned in his letter were perpetrated by the cunning half-breed Indian Chief Benge, for at this time he was leading most of the forays against the settlers. Benge was an uncanny cunning and cruel savage, using secret routes to fall upon the unsuspecting settlers, hurriedly committing his atrocious murders and then vanishing into the wilderness over routes exceedingly hard to find or follow.

The Elisha Farris family lived on Moccasin Creek a short distance fro the present town of Gate City. Although much closer in time than many of the other massacre, I have not been able to determine the names of those slain or the details, nor the name of the daughter taken prisoner and her ultimate fate.

Of the James Wharton family not a lot more is known than that of the Farris family, and just where his descendants emigrated to is unknown to this writer. James Wharton had settled on a large tract of land lying on the south side of Clinch River, near, and below Moore’s Fort in Castlewood in the year 1769, at the time of the first settlers in this area. He had lived through twenty-two years of Indian raids before finally being killed, just three years before the last Indian raid on Southwest Virginia. He seems to have been a highly respected personage always referred to as “Esquire”, a term of esteem and respect as then used. Just the year before he had been one of the appraisers of the estate of his neighbor Thomas Osborne, whose home was visible from his own, and just across a narrow valley on one of the beautiful blue grass hills of lower Castlewood, who had suffered the same fate as the Wharton family.

Tradition has it that a woman had been hired by Mrs. Wharton to do some weaving and was at work in the loom house, which was slightly east of the Wharton home, when she looked out a small window in the loom house and saw the Indian approaching. She crawled through the window and started running across a field where she met a man riding by the name of Smith. Mounting the horse behind him they rode away to Moore’s fort, two mile distant to get help. A company of men accompanied Smith back to the Wharton home where they found the family murdered.

Early records shed no light on the number of people killed in the Wharton family, and little is known of the early life of James Wharton other than that his wife was named Margaret, (2) and that he had a daughter named Margaret who married William Robinson, Jr., (3) and a son named William whose wife was named Jemima. (4)

The Wharton heirs sold their home place to Stephen Gose on the 5th of January, 1799, (5) probably shortly thereafter leaving the area and no known descendants live in the area today.

A small stream running down to Clinch River at Burton’s Ford is still known as “Wharton’s Branch” and local residents still refer to the farm as the “Wharton Lands.”

James Wharton was one of the first Constables of Washington Co., VA, being appointed to that office on the second day of the meeting of that body on the 29th of January, 1777.

Ramsey’s, Annals of Tennessee, page 557, states: “In 1791, on the Russell County side of Moccasin Gap, Mrs. McDowell and Frances Pendleton were killed and scalped.”

A letter from James W. Phillips of Farmersville, Texas dated 25th of April, 1964, to the writer: Now I shall give you the data that I have on the Indian raid:

My first knowledge of the raid came from a note of W. P. Bickley, (a grandson of William and Jane Kilgore Bickley) in which he stated that Allison Pendleton told a story of Reuben Pendleton and a sister involved in an Indian raid. My mother talked to a granddaughter of Reuben’s, a Mrs. Wells, who lived here, and she told her that she knew that her grandfather’s hand was injured as a result of an arrow wound. Mrs. Wells (Patience Pendleton) lived with her grandfather until her marriage and removal to Texas, a short time before the Civil War. She was very old when my mother talked to her and did not recall many things. She was a great disappointment to us all for she surely knew more than she communicated.

This letter from my grandfather, written in 1885, next came to light. I do not quote all of it because it is of little interest, relates who his parents were and something about the Civil War:

Farmersville, Texas
October 19, 1885

Mr. C. H. Pendleton
Berkley Springs, VA

Dear Sir:
Your favor 30th Sept. Rec’d. I herewith hand you as best I can, claims of relationship. First, my grandfather John Pendleton of Scott County, Virginia, a minister of the Gospel for fifty years (of the Methodist persuasion ) emigrated to Texas in 1858. Died two years later here. Had eight sons. Five came to Texas in ’57 or ’58. Three have since died, my father being one, one other lives here, the other one in Jack County. Another Ivey T. Pendleton lives in Boonesville, Kentucky. Jackson and H. K. Pendleton live in Scott County, Virginia, Rye Cove, P. O. My grandfather had a half-brother Reuben Pendleton, older than himself.

When I was twelve years of age, I well remember my old great uncle “Rube” reiterate instances of his boyhood. He died twenty-five years ago at an age of 90 years. An indelible occurrence with Uncle Reuben was when a boy of 12 or 15 years old. He and his sister went to an old peach orchard to get fruit. But few settlers in that country. While gathering peaches the Indians crept stealthily up and demanded their surrender. Old Uncle Reuben, then a boy, seeing them seize his sister, took flight and made his escape, pursued even to the yard fence. When he sprang over the fence, threw up one hand and received a severe wound in the hand from an arrow (the orchard being some six hundred yards from their house.) An improvised scout was at once summoned and pursued the hostiles, two or three days, but returned without the rescue of his sister – however, the young girl strewed many strips of her apron, bonnet and dress, that the party in pursuit might know she was alive and they were on the right trail.

Mr. Phillips continues:
This is an official report from William Blount to the War Department. It was first printed in 1831. It could have been printed earlier in a newspaper, but I have not located the earlier printing, if there was one. I requested a copy of the original from the National Archives, but it is missing from that place.

Washington District

(1) Mrs. McDowell, killed 23 August 1791, near Moccasin Gap, Clinch Mountain by the Bench (Benge) who has attached himself to the Shawnees.
(2) Frances Pendleton, killed August 23, 1791.
(3) Reuben Pendleton, wounded August 23, 1791.
(4) Mrs. Pendleton, prisoner August 23, 1791.
(5) A boy, eight years old, prisoner, August 23, 1791.

(American State Papers, Indian Affairs, Vol. 1, page 331).

This is also told in Haywood’s History of Tennessee (1826). Also substantially the same in Goodpasture’s History of the Indian Wars.

John T. Moore, Tennessee, The Volunteer State, Vol. 1, page 228, reads:

His (Bob Benge’s) first enterprise in this quarter was undertaken in the summer of 1791. Notwithstanding the treaty of July 2nd, on August 23rd he startled the settlements in the neighborhood of Moccasin Gap of Clinch mountain, by a sudden and unexpected assault on the house of the McDowells and Pendletons. Mrs. William McDowell and Frances Pendleton, the seventeen year old daughter of Benjamin Pendleton, were killed and scalped. Reuben Pendleton was wounded, and Mrs. Pendleton and a boy of eight years of age were carried into captivity.

This last is a rewrite of Haywood. I add that the paragraph in Haywood sounds to me as if Haywood lifted it from a contemporary newspaper account of the raid. Although Haywood could have interviewed Reuben.

I think the location of the raid incorrect, or rather vague. Benjamin Pendleton came to Southwest Virginia in 1782 or early 1783; he is on the tax list for 1783 and was living in the Ft. Blackmore area. He had a survey for 70 acres of land on the Clinch in 1784. This land was originally granted Alexander Ritchie, Sr., and confirmed in a grant to Benjamin Pendleton in 1793. The exact location of his house is not known, but his seventy acres included an island int he Clinch, which island today on the U. S. Geological Survey map is shown as Pendleton’s Island.

A note before I get further lost. Reuben Pendleton died March 3, 1860, 86 years old, according to his tombstone. My grandfather was some 4 years in error giving Reuben’s age.

I have some misgivings about Frances Pendleton being the daughter of Benjamin Pendleton. I have even suspected that Frances was Mrs. William McDowell. My reason for doubting the relationship of Frances to Benjamin is based upon a single unsolvable fact. Reuben Pendleton sold land in 1826 which had been granted an Edmund Pendleton in 1799 and there is no recorded transfer of this land from Edmund to Reuben. It would appear that Reuben inherited the land from Edmund. The above named John Pendleton who is said by my grandfather to have been the half brother of Reuben is the only child of Benjamin Pendleton of whom there is any recorded proof of relationship. There are two deeds in Russell County which prove this relationship. There was a relationship between Edmund, Benjamin, Reuben and John, but the degree of relationship between Benjamin and John only can be established. I doubt my grandfather’s statement because it would have been quite simple for him to have missed a generation in his calculation; for my grandfather was reared by his grandfather and was quite near the same age as the youngest uncles and aunts – his own first cousins thought my grandfather their uncle. I think that Benjamin, Reuben and Frances were the children of Edmund, but I cannot prove it; I have only the unexplained land of Reuben. And since Reuben was never taxed for land nor was Edmund, it will probably have to rest there. The knowledge of their relationship comes from a letter written by A. J. Pendleton (a son of John) in 1885 in which he stated he was the son of John Pendleton. Benjamin and Edmund Pendleton died 10 miles from here. Reuben died here (Rye Cove). I could never decide where 10 miles from Rye Cove was. This letter was a reply to an inquiry concerning the family. In this letter A. J., also wrote that he came from Amherst County.

The earliest comprehensive history of the Pendleton family was written in 1858. In that history a note concerning the four eldest sons of William Pendleton of Amherst County, states that the wife and some of the children of either Benjamin, Edmund, John, or Isaac, were captured by the Indians and never heard of again.

(1) Virginia State Papers, Vol. V, page 375.
(2) Russell Co., VA, Order Book 2, page 283.
(3) Deed Book 3, page 25 and Deed Book 2, page 68, Russell Co., VA.
(4) Russell Co., VA Order Book 2, page 283.
(5) Ibid.

NOTE: Benjamin Pendleton is also shown in the 1784 tithable list of Captain Alexander Barnett’s Company of Russell Co., VA, and both Benjamin and Edmund Pendleton are listed in the 1784 tithables in the company of Samuel Ritchie. This latter will also place them in the Dungannon-Ft. Blackmore area.

This story is also told in the Red Book “The Pendleton’s of England and America” – 1988 and confirms above story of indian raid and loss of life of Frances Pendleton, brother Reuben wounded and their mother Fanny kidnapped.

                 ____________________________________________________________

Elisha Farris’ father was James Esom Farris Sr who was born  1722 in North Carolina and died  14 June 1814 in Lincoln County, Kentucky.  His mother was Susanna Luellen Malcolm who was born 1725 in Lunnenberg County, Virginia and died  June 1814 in Lincoln County, Kentucky. James Esom and Susanna Farris had a large family of children: William Farris, James Eson Farris  1744 – 1814, Elisha Farris 1745 – 1791, Isaac Farris 1746 – 1826, John Esom Farris 1746 – 1826, Nathan Farris 1746 – 1788, Isham Farris 1751 – 1848, Elizabeth Farris 1756 – 1842, Moses Farris 1759 – 1841, Johnson Farris 1768 – 1840, Major Washington Farris ca 1770 – 1850, Micajah Farris 1772 – 1832, Bede Farris born circa 1773, Susanna Farris born circa 1775  and William Farris 1778 – 1853. This family was associated with the Wilderness Trail in Kentucky and were early settlers in the area.
 
Elisha Farris’ father was Henry Farris born 1670 in Little, Roanoke, Virginia and who died 1761 in Richmond, Wise County, Virginia. His mother was Alicia McGuiver who was born  1673 in Glomorozon, Wales and who died 1744 in Lunenberg, Virginia. Henry and Alicia Farris had the following children: Henry Farris ?– 1730, Thomas Farris 1709 – 1797, William Farris 1714 – 1754, Judith Farris 1715 – 1811, James Esom Farris Sr 1722 – 1814, Joseph Farris 1725 – 1816, Charles Farris 1728 – 1810, Elisha Farris 1729, Jacob Farris 1729 – 1815 and John Esom Farris 1752 – 1826.
 
Henry Farris’ father was Ian Esom Farris. Ian Esom Farris was from Rutherglen, Scotland and was born circa 3 July 1640. This is where the FARRIS (FARIE) people lived for 600 years before emigrating to Albemarle Settlement, North Carolina in 1663. (from “A Partial Genealogy of the Farris Family,” by John Farris McGauhey, Jr of Dallas, Texas. His mother was Emily Jane Cameron who was born  Birth 1643 in Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland and who died 1695 in Little, Roanoke, Virginia.  The children of Ian Esom and Jane Farris were: Isaac Farris born circa 1662, Samuel Farris born circa 1667, Isaac Farris born circa 1668, Henry Farris 1670 – 1761, Peter Farris 1672 – 1766 and William Farris born circa 1672.  Ian Esom Farris was the Farris progenitor in America.
 
Farris springs from Ferrex. This is an old name in Wales and Lower Scotland. Rutherglen is the old homeplace from 1000 A.D. until the necessary migration to the old (not but) colonies to escape royal persecution. Farrises are of Royal Danish, Royal Wales, and Royal French (Vayres or Fer) origin also. There are English Royal ancestors. Farris family members are descendants of King David of Israel down from Pharez (an iron forger of the Holy Temple of THE LORD. The Tribe of Judah is the Farris tribe).Again the old homeplace in Scotland Descendants of Ferris & Farris families of Henrico and Lunenburg Counties Virginia ca 1750 carry I1a haplogoup
in Scotland is Rutherglen . . .also known as Camelod (Camelot) (from the Chronicles of Britain). King Arthur’s uncle and father are buried there. The Brits have found the marked graves. King Arthur is a family member through France (Breton relatives the De Ganis or Fer, also d’Albret [for Breton]). He and his knights are ancestors (Fer = De Ganis)( also Morgan = Blamore De Ganis). Baldwin de Fer is an ancestor to link to.All those wondering about the Ferrers link. . .this is it. Ferrex is pronounced Ferresh. Farris is the french pronunciation from a resettlement by David I of Scotland of the French Vayres to the old homeplace to keep the bloodlines. By the way “Henrico” is his favorite son’s name. Ian Essom (read that “Essene”) Farris landed in North Carolina on the bottom region of Henrico to help guard Varina. Turkey Island in the James River area is his home. North Carolina is his death place.
                ________________________________________________________
 
And so December 14th is the day to celebrate Ian Esom Farris’ descendant, Alfred Franklin Farris’, birthday, his 80th birthday. His birthday was celebrated by his family and numbered about one hundred close friends in the crowd. His children and family made the day memorable for sure. There was a party, cake, photo, a scrapbook of cherished memories and photos, and a couple of videos as well. It is hoped that the family and their large number of relatives and descendants enjoy this article.
 
Just be cautioned that there will be errors that need to be corrected, but the overall treatise is the tracing of roots that family members can enjoy for generations to come. Unless some spelling errors were overlooked, the spelling is as contained in the original documents. Please feel free to post any additions, corrections, or omissions as comments.
 

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What is the phrase?

UAB Obelisk

Obelish at the University of Alabama at Birmingham

Oh yeah, put your Heart in Dixie or get your ass out! And, oh how I do miss Dixie…the real D-I-X-I-E!!  Florida is not Dixie, not by a long shot.  The following is a true story. It was related to me yesterday by a friend. It makes me sad. Real. Sad. Sad with a capital S.

My friend with the same last name as me, though we have no family relation, is an awesome lady. She is tiny. She is smart. She loves God. She loves her country. She is much more well-travelled than me, because like my husband’s father, her Dad was in the military and they travelled to foreign countries. One of her girls was delivered in a hospital in France. Now that was a funny story to share someday.

She, with an inquiring mind, joined the Socrates Cafe recently. This is one of the more than two hundred clubs, classes, and activities that can be enjoyed down here in our complex. The founding principle of the Socrates Cafe is to form a club of members who also have inquiring minds. In meetings a topic is chosen by the group and all opinions are allowed to be discussed freely and openly. Ha! Mind you that there are few real native Floridians down here; and even fewer residents from the Heart of Dixie. Now I know why.

I forget the topic for discussion, likely the state of the economy.  And I forget just what happened to the thesis of the meeting. It does not matter anyway now. The topics in order were: the economy briefly, Republicans, the Tea Party and those from the south.

Their collective opinion of Republicans was the typical spiel of typical left-liberal-loons. My take on their words was this: you must pity these poor [financially and intellectually] creatures because they cling to their religion, their guns, and their God. None of the “Republican” ideas were worth a big pile of salt. They droned on and on about this. How many of you, like me, would have asked Palinesque style, “Well, how is all that hopey-changey stuff working out for ya after almost three years?” Oh, yeah, their favorite Republican was Sarah Palin. I think they wanted to impale Palin during that narrative, at least figuratively. Mind you, I am neither a Republican nor a Democrat. I am a registered Independent voter, so no towing any party line for me. My friend tried to contribute a dissenting view, but was completely and totally shut out of the conversation. So, she listened and learned.

The Tea Party was the topic of the next line of discussion. If it was possible, their esteem of the Tea Party was even less than the Republican (with a capital R) Party. They believed these creatures to be depraved, both financially and intellectually; and even more so than the regular Republican party members.  Not only did the Tea Partiers cling senselessly to their religion, their God, and their guns…they had arsenals of guns…and big ones…and they were sharpshooters. The one topic dealing with the economy was the financial backing for the Tea Party. The question arose of just where does the Tea Party get their money. There was a lot of divergent interpretation about from where the money was emanating. A little frustrated that there was no clear-cut way to determine the source of the money, the closing argument was: “So what. We have George Soros!!” Now if I had something to drink in my mouth, it would have exploded all over my friend’s  face when she related this tidbit of information. Uh huh.

The final topic of discussion was those from the south. One participant told of having lived in Birmingham. That is in Alabama, you know. Alabama as in the Heart of Dixie. She stated that she did not like living in Alabama. Why did you not like living there asked another. She went on to say because people are not very smart there. My friend related this statement to her husband who asked did the woman not know about UAB in Birmingham? And knowing the people of the great state of Alabama as I do, I know that they would provide the same care and treatment for the woman who does not like the people of Alabama should she ever need a heart transplant. Personally, I think she may already need a heart transplant, but UAB could not help in that department right now.

Further, my friend was not given the opportunity to tell them…that as small as she is that she is carded and carries a gun. She carries it for her own personal safety in her purse – a Ruger something or another. And she has a whole arsenal at home. She is a former police Sergeant and a weapons expert. She trains the shooters. She also belongs to the R party and is a Tea Party adherent. She considers herself a daughter of the south because she lives in Florida, But best of all, she clings. Now, wouldn’t they be surprised?


Would you ever have thought…

Isham B Roberts and Susannah E Hyler Roberts
Isham B Roberts and Susannah E Hyler Roberts

to look in Ft. Payne or Collinsville or Lebanon in DeKalb County for relatives?

 
Some of you will find this couple to be among your ancestors. The photo is of Isham B Roberts and his first wife Susannah E Hyler Roberts. Isham B Roberts was born 12 Feb 1817 in Marion, Alabama. His death occurred 26 Dec 1900 near Collinsville in  DeKalb County, Alabama. He and his first wife Susannah E Hyler Roberts were married 1837. They had a large family of children: Harriet Amanda Roberts 1837 – 1899, Nancy A Roberts 1839 – 1925, William C Roberts 1841 – 1929, John C Roberts 1843 – 1864, Cordelia Emaline”Delia” Roberts 1844 –   , Caney Roberts 1846 –   , Mary Jane Roberts 1847 – 1909, Lucious Franklin Roberts 1853 – 1925, Warren Jayhue Roberts 1854 – 1917, George Washington Roberts 1855 – 1935, Eliza Effie Roberts 1858 – 1909, and Arminda Roberts 1859 –  .
 
Isham B Roberts second wife was Nevada Parish who first married a Johnson. Isham and Nevada Johnson were married 26 December 1888 likely in Ft Payne, Alabama. This marriage gave birth to one known child: Freeman M Roberts 1890 – 1937. There was at least one Johnson child by Nevada’s first marriage.
 
Isham Roberts was a member of the Lamar County Alabama Militia during the Florida War. He held the rank of Private. Other Roberts men who served during that war were: Caleb, Ford, Elijah, Drury, James M, John W, and Mitchell Roberts.
 
Isham B Roberts was born 12 or 14 February 1817; at his death 26 December 1900 he was buried at Lebanon Cemetery in Lebanon, DeKalb County,  Alabama.
 
 

In the cobwebs of my mind…

I can still hear the cheer, “Listen my children and you will hear of the midnight ride of Paul Revere; riding down the alleys and up the streets yelling, “Colbert Indians can’t be beat. La de da, Colbert Indians can’t be beat.” Can you hear it, too?

CCHS

Colbert County High School Letter

Those were carefree days at Colbert County High School in Leighton. Those were the days of Coach Manley and Mr. Holland. But C. T. Manley was there before me and long after I had gone from the halls at CCHS. He was a great man and a greater coach, but his best legacy remains the character building he instilled in all those students who knew him.

Charles Thomas Manley was born 25 Jun 1916 in Town Creek, Lawrence County, Alabama, likely at Red Bank. He was the child of John Henry “Bud” Manley (1894 – 1975) and Annie Elizabeth Green Manley (1898 – 1975). No one called him any other than C. T. Manley or Coach Manley; at least to my knowledge. His obituary appearing in the Times Daily newspaper issued 3 Jan 2008 follows:

CPL  US ARMY WWII

Charles was the spouse of Joyce LeMay Manley.
*************************
C.T. Manley

Coach C.T. Manley, 91, of Leighton, died Dec. 31, 2007.

The funeral service will be Thursday, Jan. 3, 2008, at the Colbert County High School gym. Visitation will begin at 10 a.m., and the family will arrive at noon. The service will begin at 1 p.m. in the gym, with burial following in Elmwood

C T Manley

Charles Thomas (C T) Manley

Cemetery, Town Creek.

Ministers Charles James and Melvin Mordecai will officiate. Speaker will be sportscaster Jerry Knight.

Mr. Manley was preceded in death by his father, John Henry Manley; mother, Annie Elizabeth Green; brother, John Manley; sister, Emma Bell McConell; mother-in-law, Luda Donaldson LeMay; and father-in-law, William Ralph LeMay.

He was a member of Hatton Baptist Church. He was a World War II veteran, participating in the Battle of the Bulge.

Survivors include his wife, Joyce L. Manley; son, Charles Thomas Manley Jr.; brother, Jack Manley; and sister, Margaret Young.

He was an athletic director and coach at Colbert County High School, Muscle Shoals High School and Red Bay High School. He coached at Southeast Louisiana VMI and Mississippi State. He was inducted into the Hall of Fame for Southeast Louisiana, Alabama High School, Colbert County High School and Lawrence County High School.

C.T. Manley Memorial Scholarship, to be awarded annually to a Colbert County student on the basis of academic merit and participation in the athletic program. Memorials may be made to Bank Independent, Attn: Teresa Flannagan, P.O. Box 5000, Sheffield, AL 35660.

Pallbearers will be Wayne Peebles, Jackie Gargis, Paul Johnson, McCoy Underwood, Kim Isbell and Ken Arnold.

Honorary pallbearers will be all former coaches and football players.

Colbert Memorial Chapel of the Shoals is directing.

TIMES DAILY – January 3, 2008

His siblings were Emma B Manley McConnell(1920 –    ); John Henry Manley (1923 – 1993); and Margaret Ann Manley Young  (1926 – 2007). Coach Manley’s grandparents were  Thomas Henry Manley(1872 – 1954) and Ida Greeley Belle McGregor (1875 – 1963).

The Times Daily newspaper honored him with an article in 2004. C.T. Manley: Colbert County coaching legend

DANIEL GILES/TimesDaily
Former Colbert County coaches Don Creasy (left) and C.T. Manley.
Published: Monday, August 30, 2004 at 3:30 a.m.
Last Modified: Sunday, August 29, 2004 at 11:00 p.m.

Any discussion of the all-time great high school football coaches in north Alabama usually begins with the same name.

That name is synonymous with high school football in our area. That name is C.T. Manley.

It has been more than 20 years since Manley last coached a football game and more than 25 years since he coached at Colbert County High School.

All the current kids who play in the stadium named for Manley were born after he retired. Most of the visiting players only know of Manley as the name on the stadium.

Manley’s legacy, however, is more than just the name on that stadium. His legacy is the proud tradition of Colbert County football.

That tradition was on display Friday night as Colbert County honored its former coaching greats. Don Creasy and the late Jimmy Moore — two other legendary coaches at Colbert County — were also honored.

Manley, 88, has been pretty much confined to a wheelchair since hurting his hip in a fall a year and a half ago. He did not let that prevent him from attending Friday’s ceremony, however.

“This is the first game we’ve been to since he got hurt,” said Manley’s wife, Joyce. “He is in a lot of pain, so he can’t do a lot of the things he used to enjoy. He reads, and he enjoys watching the Braves play on TV, but he doesn’t get out too much.”

Manley began coaching at Colbert County in 1954 and quickly established the Indians as one of the top teams in north Alabama. He coached several great teams, and his 1972 state championship team is generally considered the best ever in north Alabama.

That squad was filled with great players, including Ozzie Newsome, Phil Gargis and Thad Flannagan.

Manley coached 24 years at Colbert County before finishing his coaching career at Muscle Shoals. He proved he could succeed at somewhere besides Colbert County by leading Muscle Shoals to its best season ever in 1979.

In his 24 years at Colbert County, Manley posted a record of 171-78-7. In addition to the state championship in 1972, the Indians were the Class 3A runner-up in 1967.

Manley admitted that coming back to watch Colbert County brought back a lot of great memories for him.

“I can’t do too much anymore, but I still enjoy watching football when I can,” he said. “I coached a lot of games on this field and have a lot of great memories from them. This program has come a long way over the years.”

Although Manley is modest about talking about what he has meant to the Colbert County program, others are quick to talk about his legacy.

“Coach Manley is the cornerstone of the whole program,” Colbert County coach Steve Mask said. “The people here love him so much, and I have so much respect for him. I’m just honored to coach at the same school as C.T. Manley.”

“Where Are They Now” is a weekly feature of the TimesDaily. This week’s installment was written by Assistant Sports Editor Jeff McIntyre. He can be reached at 740-5737 or jeff.mcintyre@timesdaily.com.

Charles T Manley’s Enlistment information for World War II follows:

Name: Charles T Manley
Birth Year: 1916
Race: White, Citizen (White)
Nativity State or Country: Alabama
State of Residence: Alabama
County or City: Lawrence
 
Enlistment Date: 14 Nov 1942
Enlistment State: Louisiana
Enlistment City: New Orleans
Branch: Branch Immaterial – Warrant Officers, USA
Branch Code: Branch Immaterial – Warrant Officers, USA
Grade: Private
Grade Code: Private
Term of Enlistment: Enlistment for the duration of the War or other emergency, plus six months, subject to the discretion of the President or otherwise according to law
Component: Selectees (Enlisted Men)
Source: Civil Life
 
Education: 4 years of college
Marital Status: Single, without dependents
Height: 72
Weight: 170

Brackin, Edna Idona Manley   b. Sep. 7, 1917  d. Jan. 1, 2003 Elmwood Cemetery

Key, Beatrice Manley   b. Aug. 19, 1907   d. May 11, 1983 Elmwood Cemetery

Manley, Annie Elizabeth Green  b. Oct. 17, 1898  d. Jan. 4, 1975  Elmwood Cemetery

Manley, Charles T.   b. Jun. 25, 1916   d. Dec. 31, 2007   Elmwood Cemetery

Manley, Ida G. McGregor   b. Apr. 15, 1875   d. Apr. 28, 1963   Elmwood Cemetery

Manley, John Henry, Jr   b. Feb. 22, 1923   d. Jul. 18, 1993   Elmwood Cemetery

Manley, John Henry   b. Sep. 27, 1894   d. Nov. 3, 1975   Elmwood Cemetery

Manley, Tom Henry   b. Nov. 10, 1872   d. Jul. 26, 1954 Elmwood Cemetery

Manley, William, Jr   b. Dec. 10, 1926   d. Apr. 16, 2004   Elmwood Cemetery

McConnell, Emma Belle Manley   b. Feb. 4, 1919   d. Apr. 13, 1994 Elmwood Cemetery

McCullough, Gladys Manley   b. Feb. 22, 1914   d. Sep. 25, 1987 Elmwood Cemetery

Norton, Lula Manley   b. Aug. 26, 1897   d. May 4, 1980   Elmwood Cemetery

C T Manley enlisted in the U S Army in 1942 as a Private; a single man with four years of college. He was six feet tall and weighed 170 pounds. He earned the rank of Corporal and participated in the Battle of the Bulge where frostbite was as much the enemy as were the Germans. The Battle of the Bulge was significant because it marked the last major offensive that the Germans were able to put together. It was the largest and most intense battle and important for the outcome of WWII.  It was basically the start of Germany’s ending.

I have always wondered what the bulge in this battle was; The ‘bulge’ was the frontline that protruded out in the region of the Ardennes Mountains, specifically around the town of Bastogne. The Allied forces at that time had control of the area and Nazi forces thought the region to be necessary to take, as the town of Bastogne gave full access to the eight supply routes in the region. All of the eight roads came together in Bastogne and these roads were important to both sides in the war. The Germans used the ‘bulge’ against us by cutting it off at the sides and surrounding the Allied troops within it. The Battle of the Bulge was significant also in that henceforth the people in the Nazi  Deathcamps were liberated – a very important aspect for sure.

You may access the first of three rare color videos of the battle here; the second of the three videos here, and the third of the three videos  here. There are many more videos online of the Battle of the Bulge and you may seek them out at youtube.


Inspiration from devastation…

that is my hometown area. Even those who weathered the worst of the tornadoes in April might find a little wisp of inspiration from this photo. Kasey Melton allowed us to share her photo of this home in Harvest.

Let us brainstorm and think of ways that we could help these people. That is the best thing about Sweet Home Alabama, we don’t need no government welfare, we just help one another.

Would you please post photos of the effects of the April tornadoes with this post.

A home with a message from Harvest, Alabama.


Pretty ribbons, pretty paper…

of blue; wrap your presents to your darling from you were lyrics to one of her favorite songs. Her favorite color was blue. Her favorite people were her grandchildren. She lived a lonely life alone for most of her adult years. But when

My Darling Kim 1964

My Darling Kim 1964

she died she left a hole in the hearts of four grandchildren: Kim, Gary, Mark and Julie. She left them behind with only her memories; she left little of monetary value but that mattered little to them. 

What she left was mostly pictures that were valued beyond gold that were left to be treasured. And every card that her granddaughter had sent to her or given her was stacked and tied together. That was a tender moment watching her as she held that stack. The biggest treasure for her granddaughter was the little photo of her when she was born that Mammy had written “Darling Kim” on it.

Mammy was Marie Kerby Wright. The photo with the three adults leaves us to wonder, just who is that handsome man dressed to the nines and who is so suave and debonaire in the photo? On the left is Marie Kerby’s brother-in-law Jimmy Marks. In the middle is Marie Kerby all petite and young. And her sister Irene Kerby Marks took the photo as her shadow can be seen in the photo as she held the camera.  But the gentleman on the right is not identified. Could it be a Butler who lived nearby? Perhaps, a Butler descendant can answer that question and solve that puzzle for us. The  photograph is vintage 1944 or 1945 and the photo was taken at Seven Points in Florence, Alabama.


Some War of 1812 Military Land Grants

from Lauderdale County Alabama. Help fill in the missing information for these soldiers.

Actual flag that inspired the writing of the Star Spangled Banner

Actual flag that inspired the writing of the Star Spangled Banner. Flag on display at the Smithsonian Institute

 

Last Name: First Name: Regiment Birth: Death: Spouse:
           
Adkisson, David Tennessee Militia      
Barnett, James Thomas’ Mississippi Volunteers      
Beard, Jabez 2nd Regiment Virginia Militia      
Beshirs, Henry Griffin’s Company South Carolina Militia      
Bevis,  Thomas L South Carolina Militia      
Boyd,  Joseph Ellis’ Company Tennessee Militia      
Bradley,  James A Williamson’s Company Tennessee Militia      
Brown,  Daniel Tennessee Militia      
Brown,  William Butler’s Company South Carolina Militia      
Bumpass,  Robert South Carolina Militia    bef 1852 Martha
Butler,  Darius H 1st Regiment North Carolina Militia      
Clark, CharlesH Fawcett’s Company South Carolina Militia      
Clark, James 1st Regiment Tennessee Volunteers      
Cole, Abraham Tennessee Militia      
Darby, Phillip 1st Regiment Tennessee Militia      
Dickey, Robert Hill’s Company South Carolina Militia      
Dowdy, Thomas 39th Regiment Alabama Militia     Margaret
Edwards, John Hodges’ Company Alabama Volunteers      
Estes, Josiah 9th Regiment Virginia Militia      
Farmer, Thomas Tennessee Militia      
Frosbaugh, John Allen’s Company Tennessee Militia      
Gordon, JamesF 3rdRegimentUnitedStatesInfantry      
Grissoud, Eaton United States Mounted Rangers      
Haddock, James White’s Company South Carolina Militia      
Hail, JohnA Edward’s Company Tennessee Militia      
Hammons, William Watkins’s Company North Carolina Militia      
Harrel, Asa Tennessee Militia      
Harvey, Ira J Boston’s Company Alabama Volunteers      
Hazelwood,  Mitchell 4th Regiment Virginia Militia      
Hendrix,  Abner Tennessee Militia      
Herstone,  Samuel 1st Regiment Tennessee Militia      
Hogan,  Anderson 4th Regiment Tennessee Volunteers      
Holt,  James Milligan’s Company Tennessee Militia   bef 1852 Elizabeth
Hough,  Joseph Welch’s Company South Carolina Militia      
Hugh,  David Tennessee Militia      
Hutton,  James Nance’s Company Tennessee Volunteers      
Iron,  Phillip 2nd Regiment North Carolina Militia      
Johnson,  John Brandon’s Tennessee Volunteers   bef 1852 Melinda
Lancaster,  David Williamson’s Regiment Tennessee Militia      
Lane,  Drewry H Bullington’s Company Virginia Militia      
Lee,  Henry Tennessee Militia      
Lemaster,  John W 2nd Regiment Tennessee Militia      
Lucy,  Jesse Raney’s Company Virginia Militia      
Martin,  Andrew 2nd Regiment Tennessee Militia      
Mason,  Thomas A 2nd Regiment United States Riflemen      
McAsel,  Allen North Carolina Volunteers      
McBride,  Thomas Allen’s Company Tennessee Militia      
McCartney,  Robert Hamilton’s Company Alabama Militia      
McConnell, James 2nd Regiment Tennessee Militia      
McDougal,  James 4th Regiment Tennessee Militia      
McGlamery,  John Keith’s Company Georgia Militia      
McGwier,  David Barrett’s Tennessee Militia     Margaret
McKelvy,  John Woods’ Company South Carolina Militia      
McKnight,  Thomas P Tennessee Volunteers      
McMillan,  Jesse 5th Regiment Virginia Militia      
Meals,  Daniel Copeland’s Company Tennessee Militia      
Miller,  John 8th Regiment Tennessee Militia      
Mitchell,  John S Gray’s Company Mississippi Militia      
Moses,  Peter Tennessee Militia      
Myrick,  James C 4th North Carolina Militia      
Nolen,  Thomas 2nd Regiment Tennessee Militia      
Partin,  Leonard Allen’s Company Alabama Volunteers      
Pike,  George 16th Regiment Virginia Militia      
Pinkston,  Mathew Williamson’s Regiment Tennessee Volunteers      
Poteet,  William 1st Regiment Tennessee Militia      
Pratt,  Jesse Steel’s Company Tennessee Militia      
Richards, William Griffin’s Company South Carolina Militia      
Romine,  Peter Raines’ Company Tennessee Militia      
Shelby,  Evans McNeil’s Company South Carolina Militia      
Siles,  John Martin’s Company South Carolina Militia      
Simmons,  William Collin’s Company Tennessee Militia      
Stewart,  Duncan 4th Regiment North Carolina Militia   bef 1854 Catherine
Tate,  Jesse O 39th Regiment United States Infantry      
Terrill,  Joseph South Carolina Militia   bef 1851 Tabitha
Thomas,  Andrew Tennessee Militia      
Walker,  Stephen Woodson’s Company Virginia Militia   bef 1853 Mahala
Washburn,  John 2nd Regiment Tennessee Militia      
White,  Abraham Shiver’s Company Georgia Militia      
Williams,  Benjamin Gregg’s Company Virginia Volunteers      
Williams,  Henry Taylor’s Company Virginia Militia      
Wood,  Alexander H 2nd Regiment Virginia Militia      

Related Articles:


Ned Hays and his family…

vintage 1901. Ned is pictured with his new wife and his five sons.  They lived at Chickasaw in Colbert County, Alabama. Chickasaw was renamed Riverton and many Hays descendants live there today. Still others live in Cherokee and on the other side of  US Highway 72 in the county. The spelling of the name varies in documents over the span of years; sometimes it is spelled Hays and other times it is spelled Hayes. Historically, the name was Hayes and then some of the surname started going by Hays here in America.

Charles Nathaniel Ned Hays Family 1901 in Chickasaw Alabama 

Information  from the book “Hays-Hayes Kinfolk and Allied Families”  authored by Cora Isbell and published in 1976 states:

Our  family line Hays/Hayes decends from Jesse Hays a resident of Lauderdale County, Alabama (approx. 1830-1845?) later he moved to Franklin (now Colbert) County, Alabama (1845) where he died around 1859. his father was Kinchen Hays of Northampton County, North Carolina for which our information is very sketchy.

Jesse Hays worked as a tutor to the Wilcox (Wilcoxson) family and married one of the daughters. He was married to Sarah Ann Wilcoxson, and known children are:

  • Eliza Ann (born about 1836) Lauderdale County, Alabama
  • Sylvia Bell born April 7, 1837  Lauderdale County, Alabama                                                                                   
  • Mary S. born July 9, 1839 Lauderdale County, Alabama
  • Henry D. (Richard) abt. 1842
  • John Jesse born Aug 3, 1844 Lauderdale or Franklin
  • Isaac D. abt. 1847 (Died as Child?)
  • Edward Tustin April 15, 1856 in Franklin County, Alabama USA

Before Cora Isbell died she found proof that Jesse Hays born ca 1803 was the son of Kinchen Hays and Sylva Bell Hays, daughter of Samuel Bell of Northampton County, North Carolina. A deed in Lauderdale County, Alabama from Mary Parker to “my grandson Jesse Hays” identifies her as widow of Samuel Parker of Northampton County, North Carolina.  Mary was a Kinchen before she married  to Samuel. When Kinchen died in 1805 Jesse and brother Cornelious were wards of Darius Parker. When he died they were made wards of Josiah Parker. Sylva remarried Henry Sauls. Some of these families moved to Alabama.

Mary Dawson Kinchen was married twice. Her husbands were Arthur Hays and Samuel Parker. Arthur Hayes was Kinchen Hays’ father. Kinchen Hays was Jesse H. Hays’ father. Mary Dawson Kinchen’s mother was a Dawson.

Arthur Hays was born 1750 in Pennsylvania and died in North Carolina in 1833.  Quite a number of Hays children were born around 1750 in Pennsylvania, according to the American Biographical and Genealogical Index. A partial list of those listed as born were: Asa, Ada, Andrew, Archibald, Charles, David, Enoch, Elizabeth, George, Henry, Hugh, Jacob, James, John, Jonathan, Joseph, Koper, Magdalen, Margaret, Nathan, Nathaniel, Mordecai, Samuel, Solomon and the list goes on.

Current research gives Jesse H Hays’ family of children as follows: Henry D Hayes 1835 – 1868, Elizabeth Ann Hayes 1836 –  , Mary S Hayes 1837 –  , Sylvia Bell Hays 1838 – 1912, Charles Richard Hayes 1841 –   , John Jesse Hays 1844 – 1924, Isaac D Hayes 1847 –   , Edward Tustin Hayes 1856 – 1933.

Edward Tustin Hays was born 1856 in Riverton, Colbert County, Alabama. He married Mary Isabelle Strong in Nov of 1882.  Mary Isabelle Strong was born 1866. Ed died in 1933 and Mary died in 1956. Together they had the following children:  William Jesse Hays 1885 –  , Callie Laurine Hays 1887 –  ,Wiley Lester Hays 1887 –   , Mertie Bell Hays 1888 –  , Thadius Hays 1891 –   , Amos Franklin Hayes 1894 –  , Elmer Hays 1896 –  , Dossie B Hays 1900 – 1962, Dorey Hays 1900 –  , Maud Maudie Hays 1900 –  , and Richard I L Hays 1906 –   .

Dossie Bell Hays married Caledonia Donia Bell Hall. Known children are: May Bell Hays 1925-1981 and Annie Olean 1927-1966.

Hays or Hayes descendants are numerous throughout the Shoals area.


Popcorn, Peanuts, cigars, cigarettes…

cigarillos? Somebody must have wanted cigarettes or cigarillos, but somebody got them some Peanut instead the other night, and not in a good way. 

PeanutWe call him Peanut. And we love him. Everybody loves Peanut. And everybody wants to know the answer to our burning question. WHO did this to Peanut? WHAT did this to Peanut as to do something as heinous as this had to be a what and not a who. Pray for Peanut and his speedy recovery.

The other night Peanut was assaulted, rather badly, and then he was dumped out to live or die in the Spring Valley community of Colbert County, Alabama. How many of you have given Peanut a ride somewhere? Stand up. Right now. Testify. With little doubt you likely gave him a little something something to put in his pocket as well.

We call him Peanut, but we could just as well call him Mr. Light and Sunshine. For helping him along his way always provides the grantor a little light and sunshine in their day. The Shoals area has always been one big neighborhood when it comes to protecting and providing for the defenseless. Do you remember Marvin from downtown Sheffield? Do you remember Barney who walked everywhere and rather rapidly if I recall correctly? And there have been others.

Can you recall Barney and that he seemed to lean forward and his speed when walking was a clip? I had always thought his fast walking was for exercise benefits. After Barney died a nurse told me that it was miraculous that Barney could even walk. She did not see how he could walk. At the time of his death she saw his feet. From her facial contortions as she described his club feet, it was evident that they were gnarled knobs, not feet. They were not feet that would be comfortable to walk on, yet he did walk. He walked everywhere. From Tuscumbia to Sheffield, then from Sheffield to Tuscumbia.

In Cherokee, they adopted Donald Thompson. Donald was a huge Alabama Crimson Tide fan, likely the biggest fan of Alabama ever born. He loved sports, but was not healthy enough to play. So, he did the next best thing. He helped the coaches. At his funeral not so very long ago, someone remarked they had never seen so many big hulking athletic types, many coaches, seated all together on pews and everyone of them either sobbing or trying to hold back the sobs. He was beloved. They were beloved by him.

Now the hearts of the Shoals, the one great big neighborhood, belongs to Peanut. Peanut is beloved by almost everybody who meets him. And he loves them right back.

The local news reported on the incident. The report is hereStephen Michael, who is referred to as Peanut by those who love him,  is reported to be forty-six years old, is with his seventy-year-old mother in the photo that accompanied the report of the incident. There are unverified reports that the perpetrator was laughing about the incident in public.

Peanut was pistol whipped, robbed of his last five dollars, and dumped on the side of a county road

Peanut was pistol whipped, robbed of his last five dollars, and dumped on the side of a county road


Eli Nathaniel Hartsfield Bible Records…

that spans from Lawrence County, Tennessee to Greenhill, Lauderdale County, Alabama.
Eli Nathaniel Hartsfield and Family
Bible Records courtesy of Eric Hartsfield
 LAWRENCE COUNTY, TN - BIBLES - Bible of Eli Nathaniel Hartsfield
----¤¤¤----
 

                Family Record                       Family Record    
       Name             Place of Birth      Birth         Marriage       Death
E. N. Hartsfield     Lawrence Co., TN     25 Dec 1855  31 Aug 1876    7/6/1930
N. M. Hartsfield     Lawrence Co., TN     15 May 1851   31 Aug 1876   15 Mar 1896
S. E. Hartsfield     Lawrence Co., TN     17 May 1877                   Jan 1958
M. A. Hartsfield     Lauderdale Co., AL   16 Oct 1879    
Jas. A. Hartsfield   Lauderdale Co., AL    2 Aug 1882    
W. E. Hartsfield     Lauderdale Co., AL   22 Nov 1884    
John O. Hartsfield   Lauderdale Co., AL    2 Oct 1887    
Mary L. Hartsfield   Lauderdale Co., AL   23 Sep 1889                 8 Oct 1889
A. Js. Hartsfield    Lauderdale Co., AL   18 Apr 1893    
N. L. Hartsfield     Lauderdale Co., AL   26 Oct 1895    
H. N. Hartsfield     Lauderdale Co., AL    2/8/1900    
Elizabeth Hartsfield                                   3 Nov 1896     16 Nov 1896
Mary J. Hartsfield   Giles County, TN     16 Mar 1857   10 Mar 1898   6/18/1926
Ella May             Lauderdale Co., AL    4 Nov 1884    
           
           
[notes, Eric Hartsfield, 1 January 2003]      
All of the above was in identical ink and handwriting except the three death  
dates after 1900.  The title page from this Bible is missing.  There is an  
1891 copyright on a biographical dictionary between the contents page and  
Genesis.            
It is believed that the abbreviations should read as follow:    
           
    E. N. = Eli Nathaniel      
    N. M. = Nancy Margaret      
    S. E. = Sarah Elizabeth      
    M. A. = Margaret Annie      
    Jas. A. = James Asa      
    W. E. = William Eli      
    John O. = John Oliver      
    Mary L. = Mary Lee      
    A. Js. = Jesse Andrew (? Andrew Jesse ?)    
    N. L. = Nettie Lula      
    H. N. = Henry Nathaniel      
    Mary J. = Mary Jane      
           
Eli Nathaniel Hartsfield married, 31 August 1876, Nancy Margaret Littrell.  
This marriage produced eight children:      
Lizzie, Annie, Jim, Will, John, Mary Lee, Jesse, & Lula    
Eli Nathaniel Hartsfield married secondly, 3 November 1896, Mary C. Gibbens.  
This marriage produced no children.      
Eli Nathaniel Hartsfield married thirdly, 10 March 1898, Mary Jane May.  
Ella May was her natural daughter.  This marriage produced one child:  Henry.   

Indenture between Maryetta Short and William Lyle 1834

in Lauderdale County shows the extent of a mother’s love. Or does it? Was the mother trading up for a better future for her two children, nine and eleven years of age respectively, or was she just unable to take care of them herself -  or both? How would an eleven-year-old boy and a nine-year-old girl of today react to being bartered away for a little schooling, horse with a bridle and saddle, and I am not sure who got the cow and calf. Of course they were to be fed and clothes, but likely worked like mules until each came of legal age. That would be ten years for the boy and nine years for the girl.

Marietta Curtis Short had married John Butler in Lauderdale County, Alabama on 8 March 1832. She had lost her husband, and the Short children’s father, about 1828; his name was William Short. So, she was remarried at the point of the Indenture of her two young children.

Lucinda went on to marry and have a large family of children. She and her husband, Hugh Nelson, lived most of their adult live in Parker County, Texas. She named one daughter Marietta and another daughter Emaline as part of their names; in honor of her mother. There was an older brother  named Robert Thompson Short. He was born in 1821 in Lawrence County, Tennessee. By the mid 1800s he and most of his siblings had all moved to Texas. All of them lived in Parker County, Texas for a while.

Hugh Nelson and wife Nancy Lucinda Short Nelson are buried at the cemetery that they donated land for that purpose in Parker County, Texas. Appropriately it is named the Nelson Cemetery. Nancy Lucinda Short Nelson died 9 Oct 1877. It would appear that most, if not all, her children are also buried there. Information on the cemetery follows:

Nelson Cemetery,

Nelson Road, of FM 370 via Peden Rd., Azle, TX, USA

Latitude & Longitude: 32° 56′ 55.70860999992″, -97° 33′ 24.45707999988″

Hugh Nelson (1821-1884), a native of Tennessee, donated the original two acres of this burial ground. The earliest dated stone marks the grave of his infant son Hugh, who died in 1864. Earlier burials were marked only with field-stones. A number of children’s graves date from a dysentery epidemic in 1884. Known at one time as Walnut Creek Cemetery, this is the burial place of many area pioneers, including members of the Cruse, Helm, Nix, Osburn, Parker, and Peden families. Nelson Cemetery contains over 700 known graves.

Are there any descendants of these Short children that can tell us the rest of the story? The text of this deed for Indenture follows:

Lauderdale County Alabama Deed Book 6 page 247-8

Short to Lyle

The State of Alabama Lauderdale County

This Indenture made and entered into this 4th day of June 1834 by and between
Marietta L Short of the first part and William Lyle of the Second part.  Witnesseth
that the said Marietta of the first part hath and does hereby bind unto the said
William Lyle her two natural children as apprentices. (viz.) James Madison Short
who will be eleven years old on the 17th day of July and also her daughter Nancy
Lucinda Short who will be 9 years old 19th of September and the said James Madison
Short to live with said Lyle as an apprentice until he arrives at the age of twenty
one years of age & the Nancy Lucinda until she arrives at the age of eighteen years
and to live with ____ said Lyle until they arrive at their respective ages.  The
said Lyle to treat them in a humane manner & to furnish sufficient food & clothing
during the whole of said term & during said term give said boy a common English
Education as far as the ____ of three and at the end of the term give him a horse
saddle & Bridle worth Sixty dollars and said Nancy Lucinda to finish out the term
of 6 months for which she is now entered to School afterwards in said term one
other six months & one for ___ sixteen one cow & calf for the faithful promise
of this agreement we the said Marietta L Short & William Lyle have hereunto set
our hands & seals the day and date above written.
                           Marietta (her X mark) L Short (seal)
                           William Lyle             (seal)

I am to furnish at the end of the term of said James Madison Short I am also to furnish
one good new suit of homespun & the said Nancy with one fine suit suitable for her
condition & the Country.

Attest W W Garrard         William Lyle

State of Alabama    } Personally appeared before me this day William W Garrafd Clk
Lauderdale County   } the County Court of said County the parties whose name are attached

to the foregoing indenture and acknowledged the signing sealing and delivery of the same
for the purposes therein mentioned this 4th day of June 1834
                           Wm W Garrard clk

Recorded 21st June 1834

[superscribed over the first part of the indenture recorded on page 247]
We the undersigned acknowledged satisfaction of the within Deed or Bond this 28th day of Decr
                           William Lyle
                           Maryetta (her X mark) Short
Attest W E Hardesty

******************************************************************************

Remembering the Shoals  ©  2011


John Franklin Taylor…

was a Franklin County man.  He was the son of William Pleasant Taylor and a relation to the Sparks family that included Acley Thomas Sparks. There are numerous descendants of these two families in the Shoals area, while many others have ventured to other states.

In 1848 John Franklin Taylor married Cynthia Overton in Franklin County, Alabama. Their known children are:  James F (or H )Taylor who was born 1849 in Alabama, Abner Taylor who was born 1853, and Mary J Taylor born 1855 and who died 1912.

In 1870 John Franklin Taylor married Rilla Catherine Jones in Franklin County, Alabama. Their known children are: Riley Franklin Taylor who lived 1872 – 1940, Alma Rebecca Taylor who lived 1875 – 1951, and Florence Esther Taylor who lived 1878 – 1945.

In the 1860s John Franklin served honorably with Gen. Phillip Roddy, whose home was in Courtland in Lawrence County, Alabama and his mansion remains in tact today. Gen. Roddy headed up the gallant 4th Regiment of Cavalry also known as Roddy’s Regiment. The tin type photo shows John Franklin Taylor in his cavalry uniform.

American Civil War Soldiers: about John Franklin Taylor:
John Franklin Taylor Military Service GravemarkerJohn Franklin Taylor Gravemaker at Macedonia Church Cemetery

Name: John Taylor
Side Served: Confederacy
State Served: Alabama
Service Record: Enlisted as a 1st Lieutenant.
Commission in Company E, 4th Cavalry Regiment Alabama.
Sources: 425

He is buried  at Macedonia Cemetery at Horseshoe Bend, off Franklin County Highway 16, in Alabama. This is close to TVA’s Bear Creek Lake and the Horseshoe Bend Campground.

John Franklin Taylor

The letter that accompanied the copy of the tintype follows:

Letter from Neil Taylor

Letter from Neil Taylor


Grammy and the little punkin…

hold your horses – not quite Grammy, but Ghee is close enough. She is the best Ghee in the history of the world!!!

Ghee and the Little Punkin Oct 2005


Bang, bang, bang…

have you heard that incessant banging for the last thirty plus years?

That was me banging my head against the brick wall on my Murray line for longer than my youngest child, now thirty-one, has been alive. I started family research on a serious note back in the early 1970′s. Though to disclose the truth of the matter, I started back in my earliest childhood listening to stories of the family lines from all my elders. I was the only girl in my  family and I always seemed to be around the adults at family gatherings. So, I got to listen and ask some questions. I got to hear the tone and inflections associated with those oft told stories. Some stories were funny and some were tragic. Some relatives were very good salt-of-the-earth kind of people; others were scoundrels. But, I loved and cherished them all because they were family. Those stories of my elders are some of my most cherished memories. I wish I could bottle and sell the memories as I saw, heard, and immersed myself in family history. I have always found family mesmerizing. But, alas, I found that even as early as I was interested in family facts, that even by that time most of the elders had gone and become history. There were a few reliable sources and I made the highest and best use of them as I could. And I wrote it down.

I was able to trace my Murray line back to John M Murray and could document no further. I located information on him back in the 1970′s, before computers were even invented – probably. I knew him to be an ancestor, but could not document his father or even where John M Murray was buried. I located information on his service in the War of 1812, the Creek War, and skirmishes and battles in the Mississippi Territory way back then in the seventies. I even located his obituary in a northern Alabama newspaper. The obituary clearly said that the old soldier of the War of 1812 had lived to be nearly one hundred years of age and was buried at Vance’s Station in Limestone County, Alabama. After decades of searching, I finally just concluded that Vance’s Station must have been one of those ‘lost’ cemeteries. Sad. True. More below the fold.

AlabamAncestors: Four Generations of Murray


Picture perfect…

was the day this photograph ca 1930 was made. Minnie Viola Russell who was married to Andrew Ethelbert Kerby and her family lived in Florence; and on this day all but one daughter would be pictured with their mother. Those little twins lived into their nineties. Irene was the soft voiced one and seemed be the mother figure to others though childless; studied and down-to-earth is how she might be described. Pauline, on the other hand, well, was Pauline. She was talkative and never met a stranger. Much to her dismay as she aged her hearing became less acute and that must have been frustrating for her.

The twins and their younger sister, Marie, would sing on the radio in their youth. And, oh how you would love to hear these two little petite dynamos talk of their childhood, of their courting years, and about the close knit family life they lived at home with their Mama and Papa. One story Pauline could tell in her adulthood for then there was no fear of getting in to trouble, had to do with dolls that she and Irene received from a relative that Pauline thought favored Irene juuussst a little bit. Pauline unwrapped Irene’s doll enough to see that the porcelain face was cracked. So, little miss priss went about re-wrapping the doll and…

exchanging the gift tag with the one on her package. So on Christmas, when presents were unwrapped, Pauline was happy with her perfect doll.

Pauline was the contest winning queen back in her day. She won lots of prizes and really nice things like a boat, a car, and washer and dryers. She had a method to the contests and she was good at her hobby. It was Irene who was the keeper of the memories and treasures of the family. At Irene’s death she still had the original trundle bed that all her mother’s children were born on over a span of a hundred years even at that point in time, a pump organ, and an antique view finder with all the scenes on cards still with it. And, that is not even to mention all the treasures of family photos over the years.

By the way, you don’t believe that Harriet and Barbara middle name stuff, do you? The twins felt left out because they had no middle names, so they adopted the names of their favorite Kerby relatives for their middle names. Thus, Irene Harriet Kerby and Pauline Barbara Kerby were born. These little ladies were a delight to be around. The last time they attended the Sweetwater event was when their great grand-niece took them. They were the hit of the event that year. They grew up near Sweetwater, so it was always special to them.

Minnie Viola Russell Kerby and Daughters


Brunette “Nettie” Kerby

was beloved by her family and was a friend and colleague of Maud Lindsay.

Brunette "Nettie" Kerby Walters

Fondly referred to as “Aunt Nettie” by my grandmother is my great-grandfather (Andrew Ethelbert Kerby’s) sister. She and her siblings were reared in Dixon Springs, TN. Her parents were married shortly after the Civil War. Her father, Richard Marshall Kerby, was in the 8th TN Infantry Co. A during the war.  His unit saw action in most of the big battles of the Tennessee arena. In a book entitled the History of  Trousdale County, (Tennessee) a letter was published which was written the morning after the Battle at Chickamauga which mentioned “Marshall”. It was a letter written from a son (Daniel Burford) to his mother (Ms. Ward) which were neighbors of R.M. Kerby’s family. One of the Kerbys had been killed during the battle (I believe he was a cousin of R.M.’s ) and Daniel asked his mother to reassure “Mr. Kerby” (Francis Kerby, R.M.’s father) that Marshall was alright.

Shortly after returning home Richard Marshall married Catherine (Caron) Ruth Jones and they raised a large family there in Dixon Springs. A letter was written from R.M. to his sister, Medora Kerby Fergusson, in 1883 telling about his move from Dixon Springs to Florence, Alabama. R.M. and his children had intended to move to Texas but were wearied by their trip. They found a desirable place just “north of South Pittsburgh” (Sheffield)”along the Tennessee River.”  His family settled into Florence, Alabama during its boom in the 1880s.

Several of Richard Marshall Kerby’s relatives were school teachers, some were of the most prominent in the earliest schools in Florence.One of these teachers was R.M.’s daughter, Brunette, who taught at the famous Maud Lindsay’s Free-Kindergarten in Florence. She lived on N. Walnut Street, near the parking lot of the new Florence Public Library. I can just imagine her immaculate, warm, cozy home full of the best southern hospitality. I discovered an article that my Aunt Irene Kerby Marks had clipped and placed in her scrapbook. I thought you might enjoy it. It was from the Florence Times but I do not know the date on which it appeared.


Average and infamous…

ordinary and extraordinary, might describe members of the large Elias James family. Pictured below are Elias James and Cynthia McGary Richardson James and their large family. Elias James fought as part of the valiant 16th Regiment of Alabama Infantry, CSA in the War of Northern Aggression. He was a relative of the infamous James brothers, Frank and Jessie. The outlaw Jessie James was rumored to be hiding out at Elias James’ place at one time.

Elias James married Cynthia McGary Richardson, (b. 4 Mar 1847, d. 18 May 1915). They settled at Pogo, just West of Pleasant Site, where they resided in a log cabin that had a “beautiful cold water spring” and a “milk house where milk was kept cool in the running water”. This is at the base of the Freedom Hills, overlooking the beautiful valley.

The buildings are now gone but the James cemetery is still there, hidden in the woods above where the cabin once stood. The cabin is the backdrop for the family photograph below

Cynthia was the daughter of John Richardson (b. 14 Jan 1796 GA, d. 12 Jan 1876) and Nancy Hester, (b. Oct 11 1808, d. Jan 26 1853). At least two of Cynthia’s brothers served in the Confederate Army and fought at the Battle of Shiloh. Cynthia’s maternal grandparents were William H. “Buck” Hester and Amy Malone. Amy was the daughter of John Malone and Anne Blackwell of Granville County, North Carolina. “Buck” and Amy Hester came to Franklin County in 1818.

Tell us what you know about them.

Elias James Family



Back Row left to right: Daniel James holding rifle, Joe Gardner James, Nancy Catherine “Kate” James Grissom, Neoma Samantha “Dobe” James George, Marthie Melisey “Mattie” James Culligan, “Lula” James Thomas, Jennie Burton James (Enoch James’s daughter), Lula James (nee Grissom).

Front Row left to right: Modena Alice “Dena” James, Elias holding unidentified grandson, Cynthia Richardson, Cynthia (behind), Nannie, Amos James holding Elmer, Letha James (back), Mollie James (front), Elias “Shug” James, Thomas Enoch “Tom” James holding Floy James, Edna James, John James holding Myrtle James, Lillie James and Bertha James. People in the photograph were identified by Joe Clark James (1896-1985), son of “Ab” Alfred Clark James; son of Elias and Cynthia but not pictured in the photo.


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